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COM 337 - PIT BULLS
Transcript of COM 337 - PIT BULLS
Pit Bulls are so good with children, that they used to be considered Nanny Dogs.
Serve as narcotic and bomb sniffing dogs (found over 3,075lbs of cocaine in Texas)
score an 83.4% passing rate with the American Temperament Test Society. What does a Pit Bull do? Family dog
Search & rescue
Therapy What you need to know before owning a Pit Bull: Pit Bulls need a lot of attention
They should be trained and socialized early
They should be kept on leash in public to prevent aggression toward other dogs
Breed-specific legislation targets this breed
This breed is best suited to owners who can offer firm, fair training, and gentle consistent discipline. Amanda Cadena
Santanna Vega 3. Statistics & Demographics 4. What's being done? What is a Pit Bull? American Pit Bull Terrier:
Short coats & medium length muzzles
Friendliness COLOR: any color or combination of color
LIFE SPAN: 12-16 years
HEALTH: mainly Hip Dysplasia (HD)
LIVING AREA: mainly indoor
GROOMING: brush its teeth at least two-three times a week; trim its nails once or twice a month; check its ears The term “pit bull” does NOT describe a specific dog breed.
A pit bull is a type of dog.
The term “pit bull” has no single, solid, scientific definition. Pit Bulls typically refer to: the American Pit Bull Terrier, the American Staffordshire Terrier, the Staffordshire Bull Terrier, or any mix between the three. They like having something to do (a task)
They excel at agility Where did Pit Bulls come from? Interbreeding between Old English Terrier & English Bulldogs
Initially bred in England and arrived in the United States
The United Kennel Club (UKC) first recognized the American Pit Bull Terrier in 1898
Story from American Pit Bull Terrier to American Staffordshire Terrier 1. Pit Bulls are suggested to live indoor or
2. What disease typically affects Pit Bulls?
a. Muscular disorder
b. Hip Dysplasia
c. Elbow Dysplasia
d. Heart Disease
3. Name two jobs that Pit Bulls can do?
4. Popsicle, which was the abandoned Pit Bull,
found 3,075 lbs of cocaine in which state?
5. Are Pit Bulls targeted by breed-specific
legislation? QUIZ 1 Pit Bull Stereotypes: "Pit Bulls have locking jaws" Dr. I. Lerh Brisbin of the University of Georgia concluded: There is absolutely no evidence of the existence of any “locking mechanism” unique to the structure of the jaw and or teeth of the Pit Bull. “The studies which have been conducted of the structure of the skulls, mandibles and teeth of pit bulls show that, in proportion to their size, their jaw structure, and thus its inferred functional morphology, is no different than that of any other breed of dog of comparable size and build. Further, there is no evidence for the existence of any kind of "locking mechanism” unique to the structure of the jaws and / or teeth of pit bulls.” Pit Bull Stereotypes: "Pit Bulls have the highest bite pressure" In truth, the Pit Bull falls considerably short compared to other breeds. With a bite pressure of 235 per square inch, they peril in comparison to the Rottweiler at 328 psi. "Pit Bulls aren’t family dogs" Pit Bulls score higher than almost every other breed. The American Kennel Club tests over 180 breeds for various elements of temperament. With an acing score of 90.6%, the pit excels in comparison to the average 77%. Pit Bull Stereotypes: "Pit Bulls make great guard dogs" They actually make exceptionally poor guard dogs because they are incredibly people oriented. They are not bred for their inherent dislike towards humans, unlike many other breeds. The "Pit Bull" is the most aggressive breed Perhaps the biggest misconception of all, the pit bull, in reality, has an inherent disposition to be people oriented. German Shepherds, Rottweiler’s, Husky’s, the Alaskan malamute, Chow Chow’s, Shar Pei’s, and many others have displayed a consistent weariness towards humans. The breeds listed above are bred for their protective instincts and hesitation of humans besides their owners. They’re overly protective of their handlers and their property. Research & studies: In august of 1989, Denver, Colorado enacted a ban, prohibiting the ownership of Pit Bull’s and all “Pit bull” type dogs. The case was of a young boy, who had wandered away from his family home into a neighbors car port, with a chained female with puppies. Between January 2005 and April 2012, Denver has confiscated 1300 dogs and has KILLED more than 4000 since 1989. • Research & studies: Cincinnati enacted it’s pit bull ban in 1987 Since 2003, the city has spent over $500,000 enforcing the ban.
Yet, in December of 2009, Ohio closed one of its prisons, releasing over 400 inmates, due to lack of funding--and they’re still shelling out $100,000 to house and transport 50 pit bulls. How is the community safer?
In March of 2007, through “Operation Bite Back,” 19 people were arrested for illegal dog fights. 14 of them were convicted of 200 hours of community service. Dog fighting is a felony charge in Ohio. Research & studies: In a one-year study by the Coalition for living Safely with Dogs, 129 different breeds were responsible for biting people in Colorado. The Golden Retriever topped the list with the highest number of bites. 68 % of articles reporting pit bull or “mix” attacks mentioned “Pit Bull” combined with the word “Attack” in the headline.
Only 8%of articles included the other breed.
AGENDA SETTING THEORY Nicholas Faibish, 12 Mother locked him in the basement with a female in estrus and an unaltered to male to force them to mate. They redirected from each other to Nicholas. This was the start of BSL in San Francisco Kate-Lynn Lobel, 7 Attacked and Mauled in her front yard by the family’s two dogs, Alaskan Malamutes, that the family had purchased 3 weeks prior 18 articles were written and published about the incident
292 articles were written and published about Nicholas Faibish. 85 % more Michael Vick 49 of the 53 dogs were adopted out.
Only one showed human aggression.
Dog fighting fuels BSL
Make a dog illegal, and increase its desirability QUIZ 2 1. What breed of dog has the highest PSI?
a. German Shepherd b. Doberman
c. Pit Bull d. Rottweiler
2. Which breed of dog had the highest number of
human bites in Colorado?
a. Pit Bull b. Cocker Spaniel
c. Chihuahua d. Golden Retriever
3. Which breed of dog attacked Kate-Lynn Lobel?
a. Husky b. Chow Chow
c. Doberman d. Alaskan Malamute
4. How many articles were published on the
mauling of 12 year old Nicholas Faibish?
a. 112 b. 192
c. 402 d. 292
5. How many of the Michael Vick’s dogs were
given a second chance at life?
a. 15 b. 53
c. 0 d. 49 Statistics & Demographics
of Pit Bull Overpopulation: Did you know…. Pit Bulls are the #1 bred dog in the U. S
Hardest bred to find a home
Most neglected andabused pet
Subject to Breed Specfic Legislation (Banning of Breed)
Killed at shocking rates!
MOST EUTHANIZED BREED Statistics & Demographics
of Pit Bull Overpopulation: Most prevalent bred in shelters
Pit Bulls make up 40% of ALL Dogs in Shelters
Almost HALF of the ENTIRE LA Dog Population are Pit Bulls
200 Pit Bulls are killed EVERY DAY in Los Angeles County shelters
NO EXCEPTION for puppies!
Imagine across the entire US??? Statistics & Demographics
of Pit Bull Overpopulation 1 million Pits are euthanized PER YEAR 2,800 PER DAY or DOUBLE that number
93% Euthanasia rate
Only ONE in 600 Pit Bulls will have a forever home
READ THAT AGAIN, only ONE in 600 Shelter Policies & Laws: 4,000 – 6,000n Shelters in the US
Pit Bulls make up a National Average of 33%
Large Cities = 40% - 60%
Who goes first?
NO – ADOPT POLICY
75% do not get a chance
24 – hour grace period
93% euthanasia rate
Puppies are NO EXCEPTION The Question is Why? People have no clue
Pit Bulls have more against them than any other bred
Maligned by the Media
Feared and Misunderstood
Abusive or Irresponsible Owners
Stereotyped 1. What breed is the #1 bred dog in the US?
a. Labrador Retrievers b. German Sheppard
c. Pit Bull d. Golden Retrievers
2. 1 out of ___ pit bulls find a home?
a. 600 b. 800
c. 500 d. 700
3. Are puppies an exception to being euthanized?
a. Yes c. No
4. How many Pit Bulls are killed a day?
a. 5 b. 10
c. 200 d. 100
5. When shelters need to make room what is the
grace period offered for pit bulls before they
a. 5 days b. 1 week
c. 24 hours d. 48 hours QUIZ 3 Beyond the Myth What's Being Done? Breed Specific Legislation Every 10 or so years there is a new "bad" breed. “In the 70's it was the Doberman. In the 90s the Rottweiler. In the 00s it is the Pit Bull. Who's next?” – Cesar Milan Breed specific legislation regulates an individual’s right to own a dog solely based on the breed or "type” of dog, as opposed to the individual’s responsibility as an owner. Breed specific ordinances are quick fixes and not a sufficient long-term solution for these following reasons: 1. Problems are with owner responsibility, not the breed
2. BSL drives away responsible owners
3. Criminals will just switch to another breed
4. Breeds and mixes are hard to identify and are mislabled Pit Bull Legislation The laws that are most often adopted by cities to regulate dangerous dog breeds (primarily Pit Bulls) include: Breed bans
Prima facially labeling breeds
Regulating the spay/neuter status of breeds Pit Bull Bans Denver, Colorado The most controversial pit bull ban in the U.S. was enacted by the City and County of Denver in 1989. Council Bluffs, Iowa Council Bluffs Pit Bull ban - January 1, 2005. Pit Bulls Prima Facially Labeled Little Rock, Arkansas Labeled "potentially dangerous"
Potentially dangerous breed permit
City license & window sticker
Proof of sterilization and microchipping
Invisible fences prohibited
Households limited to two Pit Bulls Fayetteville, Tennessee Labeled "dangerous" or "vicious"
Muzzled when off property
Outdoor penning 8’ high
Beware of Dog sign
$100,000 in liability insurance Pit Bull Sterilization San Francisco, California Mandatory Pit Bull sterilization (spay/neuter)
Enacted January 2006
After 18 months:
Impoundments declined by 21%
Shelter occupancy rates fell ¾ to ¼
Euthanizations dropped 24% Generic Dangerous Dog Laws The State of Texas Owners criminally negligent after serious attack
Passed in 2007
10 years jail for serious injury
20 years jail for death
"One Free Bite" rule
One of eleven states that prohibit BSL
Death of Tanner Monk The State of California BSL is prohibited
Restriction of Pit Bull ownership
Locations: Lake County
Naval Base Ventura County
Sonoma County The State of California Santa Monica Pasadena Labeled "vicious"
Leashed & muzzled Proposed ban by City Councilman, Steve Madison Final Thoughts on BSL 1. Which city first introduced a ban on pit bulls?
A. San Francisco, CA B. Littlerock, AR
C. Fayetteville, TN D. Denver, CO
2. Little Rock, Arkansas does NOT require this from "potentially
dangerous" breed owners:
A. Potentially dangerous breed permit
B. Proof of sterilization
C. Muzzle off property
D. Limit of two Pit Bulls per home
3. Fayetteville, Tennessee requires that "dangerous" or "vicious"
breed owners carry how much in liability insurance?
A. $250,000 B. $100,000
C. $200,000 D. $150,000
4. The State of California allows breed specific legislation.
A. TRUE B. FALSE
5. What California City labels Pit Bulls as a “vicious” breed?
A. Pasadena B. Sacramento
C. Santa Monica D. San Francisco QUIZ 5 Pit Bulls - Documentary - Part2