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Marital Satisfaction Inventory Revised

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on 29 April 2014

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Transcript of Marital Satisfaction Inventory Revised

Scoring Methods:

By hand (MSI-R AutoScore Form)
Microcomputer (Laptop & Desktop) WPS Test Report
Computer Scoring (Mail-In & Fax-In) WPS Test Report

By hand: 30 minutes to 1 hour
Microcomputer: Immediately
Computer Scoring :
Mail-In: About 3 to 5 days
Fax-In: A couple of minutes
Raw score values are obtained for each scale and normalized into T-scores
The T-scores on the MSI-R have an approximate mean of 50 and a standard deviation of 10
Means and standard deviations of specific scales vary because the MSI-R is created through a normalization transformation process as opposed to linear
Normalized T-scores have desirable features that make them easier to use in everyday clinical interpretation
Higher scores indicate higher distress while
lower scores indicate lower distress
Interpretive Ranges:
Low: <50
Moderate: 50-60
High: >60
Validity Scale Ranges:
Inconsistency INC:
Low: <55
Moderate: 55-65
High: >65
Conventionalization CNV:
Low: <45
Moderate: 45-55
High: >55
MSI-R contains 150 inventory items
Inventory items are divided up into 13 scales which include 2 validity scales
Global Distress
(22 items)
Affective Communication
(13 items)
Problem-Solving Communication
(19 items)
(10 items)
Time Together
(10 items)
Disagreement About Finances
(11 items)
Sexual Dissatisfaction
(13 items)
Role Orientation
(12 items)
Family History of Distress
(9 items)
Dissatisfaction With Children
(11 items)
Conflict Over Child Rearing
(10 items)
Validity Scales:
(20 items)
(10 items)
Assessment in Marriage and Family Counseling
Couples Assessment

Basic Information
Name of Measure:
Marital Satisfaction Inventory Revised (MSI-R)
Douglas K. Snyder Ph.D.
William C. Culbertson Ph.D. & Erica A. Zillmer Psy.D.
Date of Publication:
1981 (MSI) & 1997 (MSI-R)
The MSI-R is a revised version of Dr. Snyder's original measure the MSI (Marital Satisfactory Inventory). MSI revisions had four objectives:
To reduce the overall length of the inventory by almost half (from 280 to 150 items)
To add a new scale for verbal and physical aggression assessment within a relationship
To reword items in order to enhance generalizability to nontraditional couples
To develop new norms based on larger and more representative samples of couples
Measure Items
Scoring Procedure
Test Construction
Norm Sample: Participants were married couples consisting of 1,020 men and 1,020 women
Broad range from late teens to early 90's
majority sample (75%) were ages 20-49
76.3% White, 12.9% Black, 8.6% Hispanic, 1.4% Asian American, .08% Other
Education Level:
12.7% less than HS graduation, 30% HS graduation, 24% had completed 1-3 years of college, 33% college graduate or higher
Majority of men (87%) and women (69%) are employed
Type of Measure, Target Audience & Main Use
Criteria For Diagnosis
Type of Measure:
Self- reported
Target Audience:
: 18+
Reading Level:
6th grade
Main Use:
The main use of the MSI-R is to identify the nature and extent of relationships for couples who are considering or beginning conjoint therapy
Love, Wedding, Marriage

DSM 5 V-Codes:
V61.10- Partner Relational Problem; Physical/Sexual Abuse of a Adult
V61.20- Parent-Child Relational Problems
V61.90- Relational Problem Related to Mental Disorders or General Medical Condition
V62.81 Relational Problems
Nadia Naim & Marianna Oganesyan
(APA, 2013)

Paper and pen
Computer Administration
(Easy & Straight Forward)
Has a manual with administration and scoring directions
Number of Items:
150 True/False response format
The entire measure takes only about twenty five minutes to administer
Love Wedding, Marriage
Multicultural Indicators
Materials Needed & Cost
Paper & Pen Questionnaires:
MSI-R: Marital Satisfaction Inventory, Revised Kit (includes 40 AutoScore Answer Forms & 1 manual)

Additional MSI-R AutoScore Forms (Pkgs. of 20)
MSI-R Mail-In Answer Booklet (Computer scored answer booklet)
Computer Administration:
MSI-R CD for Computer Scoring & Interpretation (each CD is good for 20 uses)
MSI-R CD For Computer Scoring Only (each CD is good for 20 uses)
MSI-R PC Answer Sheet (Pkgs. of 100), 1 pad
Qualification Level
Level B
Qualifications Needed for Administration:
A degree from an accredited 4-year college or university in psychology, counseling, or a closely related field
satisfactory completion of coursework in test interpretation, psychometrics and measurement theory, educational statistics, or a closely related area; OR license or certification from an agency that requires appropriate training and experience in the ethical and competent use of psychological tests.
Strengths and Limitations
Substantial Improvements from original MSI
larger and more representative standardization sample
reduction in the number of inventory items
addition of the aggression scale (Snyder, 1997)
Assesses marital interaction based on a broad range of dimensions (13 scales) (Cymbal, 2004)
It has high reliability and validity
Outdated - sample was gathered in 1996 of 1,020 married couples before same sex marriages were legal
Sample is predominantly white (77%)
Not culturally diverse - translations are only available in 3 languages and questions are not tailored to different cultures
Research Study One
Profiling Marital Satisfaction Among Graduate Students: An Analysis of the Perceptions of Masters and Doctoral-Students (Gold, 2006)
Investigated marital satisfaction among graduate students
MSI-R scores for graduate students will be higher than the sample norm
65 graduate students in the college of education at a large southeastern research university voluntarily participated in the study
Of the 65 participants
38 were enrolled in doctoral study
27 were enrolled in master's degree study
21 were male
44 were female
The results from this study suggest that married students in graduate study offer similar profiles of marital dissatisfaction as a function of degree level.
Research Study Two
Primarily used in English, although there are some other adaptations/translations
The norms within the manual are based off of samples from couples living in the U.S.
The racial and ethnic distribution of the sample closely models the U.S. census distribution
MSI-R is mainly used in the U.S. and has been translated in the following languages:
Reliability & Validity Coefficients
High internal consistency
of the MSR-I scales
Cronbach's Alpha Coefficient ranging from .70 (DSC) to .93 (GDS)

Test-Retest Reliability
over a period of 6 weeks yielded stability coefficients ranging from .74 to .88
MSI-R represents 15 years of refinement (Gold, 2007)
High interrelation
between the original and revised scales - correlations ranging from .94 to .98
More than 20 studies that confirm the MSI-R’s discriminant validity between divorcing and maintaining couples, and in partner abuse samples.
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th
ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Census 2010 News | 2010 Census Shows America's Diversity - U.S. Census Bureau. (2011, March 24).
Census 2010 News | 2010 Census Shows America's Diversity - U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 5, 2014, from http://www.census.gov/2010census/news/releases/operations/cb11-cn125.html
Cymbal, S. R. (2004). Married to the Shrink: The Impact of Doctoral Training in Psychology on Marital
Satisfaction. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, 65(6-B). Retrieved March 10, 2014.
Gold, J. M. (2006). Profiling Marital Satisfaction among Graduate Students: An Analysis of the
Perceptions of Masters and Doctoral-Students. Contemporary Family Therapy, 28(4), 485-495. doi: 10.1007/s10591-006-9019-6
MSI-R - Marital Satisfaction Inventory, Revised. (n.d.). MSI-R - Marital Satisfaction Inventory, Revised.
Retrieved March 9, 2014, from https://ecom.mhs.com/%28S%28freq2m55d1pxbdrz0k4mht45%29%29/inventory.aspx?gr=cli&prod=msir&id=pricing&RptGrpID=msi
Snyder, D. K., Phd. (1997). Marital Satisfaction Inventory, Revised (MSI-R). Los Angeles, CA: Western
Psychological Services.
WPS Published Translations. (n.d.). WPS Published Translations. Retrieved March 7, 2014, from http://
Married to the Shrink: The Impact of Doctoral Training in Psychology on Marital Satisfaction (Cymbal, 2004)
Study on marital satisfaction of
of doctoral students
Non-Student spouses of graduate students will report a statistically higher level of marital dissatisfaction
26 male spouses of of female graduate students attending APA approved programs in Illinois, NY, and Florida
Ages ranges from 20-79 yrs old
Data was gathered by administering MSI-R to participants
Husbands of female graduate students reported overall greater marital satisfaction than Snyder's sample
(Snyder, 1997)
(Snyder, 1997)
(Snyder, 1997)
(Snyder, 1997)
(Snyder, 1997)
(Snyder, 1997)
(Snyder, 1997)
(Snyder, 1997)
(Snyder, 1997)
(Gold, 2006)
(MHS, 2014)
(MHS, 2014)
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