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Present. HUL syllable
Transcript of Present. HUL syllable
ASHISH SAMUEL SYLLABLE STRUCTURE InTroDucTion What iS Syllable ? ? ? ? ?
A syllable is a unit of organization for a sequence of speech sounds.
Or in simple terms Words can be cut up into units called syllables.
Syllables are often considered the phonological "building blocks" of words. Syllables Now time for some examples
We can easily guess that its made up of two syllables that is 'WA' and 'TER'.
tomato = to.ma.to
window = win.dow
Now a hard one
supercalifragilisticexpialidocious InTroDucTion Syllable Syllable Furthermore
A word that consists of a single syllable is called a monosyllable or monosyllabic . Similar terms include disyllable (or disyllabic) for a word of two syllables; trisyllable (or trisyllabic) for a word of three syllables; and polysyllable (or polysyllabic), which may refer either to a word of more than three syllables or to any word of more than one syllable.
Mono Syllabic words
Not Di Syllabic Words
SANDLE POLY SYLLABIC WORDS
su.per.ca.li.fra.gi.lis.ti.cex.pi.a.li.do.cious Canonical syllable patterns are most often represented
as a string of C and V symbols, where C
stands for a Consonant and V for a
Vowel sound (including any complex vowel elements
such as diphthongs which might occur in
the language). The one kind of syllable
which seems to occur in every
language is CV, that is, a syllable
consisting of just one
consonant preceding a vowel. Canonical syllable patterns
Examples Con sci en tious
CVC CV VC CVC Bed cab bag cat cap brick This often happens with English words that end
in a special type of consonant called a 'stop' consonant.
'stop' consonants are sounds like b, d, g, p, t, k and
here are some words that end in them. the general structure of a syllable consists of three segments:
consonant, obligatory in some languages, optional or even restricted in others
sonorant, obligatory in most languages
consonant, optional in some languages, highly restricted or prohibited in others Structure The syllable is usually considered right-branching, i.e. nucleus and coda are grouped together as a "rime" and are only distinguished at the second level. What tree Structure look like...
Is a Consonant, obligatory in some languages, optional or even restricted in others
Most syllables have an onset. Some languages restrict
onsets to be only a single consonant, while
others allow multiconsonant onsets according to
various rules. For example, in English, onsets
such as pr-, pl- and tr- are possible
but tl- is not, and sk- is
possible but ks- is not. In Greek,
however, both ks- and tl- are
possible onsets, while contrarily
in Classical Arabic no multiconsonant onsets are allowed at all. ONSET 1. If a consonant cluster within a word can be divided
into two parts, such that the first is a possible word-final cluster and the second a possible word-initial cluster, then a syllable boundary may be placed between these two parts.
Ath.lete, not a.thlete since thl- is not a permitted word-initial clauster and not athl.ete –thl not permitted word-final cluster.
Ob.struct, not o.bstruct since bstr- not permitted in word-initial and not obs.truct/obst.ruct or obstr.uct since all these forms are not permitted word-final clusters
MAXIMUM ONSET PRINCIPLE 2. A single consonant between vowels is
normally taken as being the onset of the syllable containing the following vowel: Maximum Onset Principle
Ba.con (even though the first syllable is stressed and [bek] is a possible syllable)
Com.pe.ti.tive (even though the second syllable is stressed and [pet] is a possible syllable)
Some languages require all syllables
to have an onset;
in these languages a null onset such
as in the English word "at" is not possible. sonorant, obligatory in most languages.
Generally, every syllable requires a nucleus (sometimes called the peak), and the minimal syllable consists only of a nucleus, as in the English words "eye" or "owe".
The syllable nucleus is usually a vowel, in the form of a monophthong, diphthong, or triphthong, but sometimes is a syllabic consonant.
By far the most common syllabic consonants are sonorants like [l], [r], [m], [n] or , but a few languages have so-called syllabic fricatives, also known as fricative vowels. Nucleus In phonetics and phonology, a sonorant is a speech sound that is produced with continuous, non-turbulent airflow in the vocal tract; these are the manners of articulation that are most often voiced in the world's languages. Vowels are sonorants, as are consonants like /m/ and /l/: approximants, nasals, taps, and trills. In the sonority hierarchy, all sounds higher than fricatives are sonorants. They can therefore form the nucleus of a syllable in languages that place that distinction at that level of sonority SO what does Sonorous Means?? The coda comprises the consonant sounds of a syllable that follow the nucleus, which is usually a vowel. The combination of a nucleus and a coda is called a rime. Some syllables consist only of a nucleus with no coda. Some languages' phonotactics limit syllable codas to a small group of single consonants, whereas others allow any consonant phoneme or even clusters of consonants.
A coda-less syllable of the form V, CV, CCV, etc. is called an open syllable (or free syllable), while a syllable that has a coda (VC, CVC, CVCC, etc.) is called a closed syllable. CODA Here are some English single-syllable
words that have both a nucleus and a coda: Single-syllable words end in a
nucleus and do not have a coda: EXAMPLES Dr. Somdev Kar Under Guidance of SUmMarY Thank YoU