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NOUNS

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by

Aishah Hakim

on 17 July 2014

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Transcript of NOUNS

Keep Calm and Learn
Abstract vs Concrete
Rose
= Things that we
can count.
= Have
singular and plural
forms.
= Use
indefinite article
such as

a/an
.

For
singular form
, we must use words like
a/the/my/this

Ex
:
I want
an
orange. (
not
I want orange.)
Where is
my
orange? (
not
Where is bottle?)


Countable noun
" a library of books "
A word for a group of
specific items, animals or people
Collective Nouns
NOUNS
" I will watch you in your sleep"
A noun that names things that in English
cannot
usually be counted.
Example
:
knowledge, advise, spaghetti

Also known as
uncountable noun
Generally used
only in the singular
.
Many abstract nouns are uncountable, but
not all uncountable nouns are abstract.
The
inability to take a plural form
Example
:
Furniture ( a mass noun, can't take the plural suffix -s)
Mass Noun
Compound noun
Multiple forms of compound noun

- A noun that is made up of
two or more words.
- usually
[noun+noun]
or
[adjective+noun]
form.

• There are
three forms
of compound noun:

1. Open or spaced- space between words.
2. Hyphenated- hyphen between words.
3. Closed or solid- no space or hyphen between words

noun + noun
bus stop
fire-fly
football

Tulips
Things that we
cannot count.
Has
singular form
only.
Use
singular verb
only.

Ex
:
This
news is very important.
Your luggage
looks
heavy.

We can also use words like
some, any, a little, much

Ex
:
I’ve got
some
money.
Do you got
any
rice?
I’ve got
a little
money.
I haven’t got
much
rice.
We
can not
use
indefinite article ( a/an )
for uncountable nouns.

UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS
names
a person, place or thing
.

Proper Noun
Became friends with
John

(5 minutes ago)
In a relationship with
Marie
since 2006
Went to
France
for a holiday
Just visited a friend in
London
Special word (name) that we use for
name, place, and things
Proper Noun
Mustache Inc
Properville
I-have-a-special-rule Town
• Since these nouns are naming specific things, they
begin with a capital letter
.
Sometimes they contain
two or more important words

In this case,
both important words are

capitalized
and the whole thing is still considered to be
one proper noun
even though it’s made up of one word.


Demi Lovato , Ocean Park
Common Nouns
General names.
Are
not capitalized
unless they
begin a sentence
or are
part of a title
Proper Noun
Common Noun
coffee shop
waiter
jeans
sandwich
chair
arena

Starbucks
Simon
Levi's
Big Mac
Roll-O-Rocker
Amway Arena
Australia

USES OF NOUNS
As
SUBJECT
: The student happily studied grammar.

As
DIRECT OBJECT
: The students happily studied grammar.

As
INDIRECT OBJECT
: They taught their friends grammar.

As
OBJECT OF THE PREPOSITION
: Their friends smiled with glee.

As
PREDICATE NOMINATIVE
: They were grammar champion.
Abstract
Concrete
Bravery
Curiosity
Trust
Relaxation
Puppy
Teacher
Cat
Airplane
a brood of hens
a caravan of camels
a cete of badgers
a chain of islands

bats - colony
bears - sloth
beauties - bevy
beavers - colony

by Collective Noun
by Noun
Use correct verbs and pronouns with
collective nouns.
adjective + noun

full moon
blackboard
software

noun + verb(-ing)

sunrise
haircut
train-spotting

The plural form of compound nouns
SINGULAR


a tennis shoe

one assistant headmaster

the sergeant major

a mother-in-law


PLURAL

three tennis shoes

five assistant headmasters

some sergeants major

two mothers-in-law


= adding -s to the "base word" =

For
plural form
, we can use words like
some, any, a few, many

Ex
:
I’ve got
some
dollars.
Have you got
any
pens?
I’ve got
a few
dollars.
I haven’t got
any
pens.
Plural countable noun
can be used alone.

Ex
:
I like
oranges.

Bottles
can break.

EXERCISES
Fill in each blanks with the singular or plural form of the noun given within brackets.

Hari Raya Aidilfitri is a celebration all (1)______(Muslim) look forward to each year after a whole month of fasting. Hari Raya Aidilfitri is the Malay (2)______(term) for Eid ul-Fitr, which literally means 'Celebration Day of Fast'.

It falls on the first (3)______(day) of Syawal, the month after Ramadan in Muslim calendar. As that day draws closer, a to-do list put together. The first would be spring cleaning. However, this is the one thing the majority of Muslim (4)_____(teenager) dread. They have to juggle fasting, school and extra-curricular (5)_____(activity) and help clean up the house as well.
EXERCISES
Fill in the blanks with suitable nouns from the box below. Use each noun only once.



Thousands of workers in the private (1)______ can expect higher salaries soon after the Human Resource Ministry reviews the Wages Council Act 1947. These workers include in the security, (2)______, electronics and textile sectors. The last time a (3)_______ was conducted was about a (4)______ in several sectors. One of the areas where the salary review had been completed was in the security industry, in particular, those employed as security personnel and (6)______. Previously, the salary in this (7)______ was as low as RM300 to RM400. This move will also attract more local (8)______ to take up jobs in this sector.
EXERCISES
Fill in the blanks with correct possessive forms of the nouns.


1. There are three _____ (child) bags on the bench.

2. The _____ (girl) spade and pail are on the beach. She left them there while she went swimming in the sea.

3. This is _____ (Jerry) shirt.

4. The _____ (soldier) gun is loaded.

5. The _____ (thief) fingerprints are on the cabinet.

6. The _____ (buffalo) tails are swishing away the flies.

7. The _____ (actress) costumes were stolen. As a result, the play had to be postponed.
EXERCISES
Fill in the blanks with correct possessive forms of the nouns.

8. The _____(student) assignments have been collected and marked by the lecturer.

9. Many _____(footballer) towels are in the launderette.

10. An ______(elephant) trunk has many uses.

11. Choon Thye, the _____(baker) son, has won a prize in the 'International Pastry Making Contest'.

12. The ______ (captain) table is at the far end of the deck.

13. Some _____ (workmen) tools have been left behind.
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