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Jayna Ellis

on 13 May 2013

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The History of Neodymium Neodymium by: Jayna Ellis Neodymium was discovered in 1885 by Austrian chemist, Carl Auer Von Welsbach when he separated Neodymium as well as Praseodymium from a material known as didymium. Uses: used to make flints for lighters as a component of Misch metal.
Neodymium is also a component of didymium glass, which is used to make certain types of welder's and glass blower's goggles.
Neodymium is added to glass to remove the green color caused by iron contaminants. It can also be added to glass to create violet, red or gray colors.
glasses containing neodymium are used by astronomers to calibrate devices called spectrometers and other types are used to create artificial rubies for lasers.
salts are used to color enamels and glazes.
Used in alloys to make powerful permanent magnets. Uses Continued Physical Properties Bright, silvery, metallic
soft, malleable, ductile
solid at room temperature
atomic weight: 144.242
melting point: 1294K
Boiling point:3347K
Density:7.01g/cm3 Chemical Properties reacts slowly with air to create Neodymium(III) Oxide
oxidation number: 3
reacts with all halogens:
reacts with sulfuric acids to create solutions of lilac ion. sources http://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele060.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neodymium#Physical_properties http://neodymiumfacts.com/ Location: Periodic table
Atomic Number: 60
Located in the Lanthanide series as a rare earth metal
electron configuration: http://www.webelements.com/neodymium/ http://www.chemicool.com/elements/neodymium.html
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