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Rosa Parks "Mother of the civil rights movement"

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Kayla Mckiknnion

on 2 June 2015

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Transcript of Rosa Parks "Mother of the civil rights movement"

Third act of leadership
Video of Rosa's speech at The Million Man march
Parks was a remarkable woman; her courage and conviction sparked a wave of change and led a generation in a new direction. Few can be seen to have made such a contribution to the alteration of the rights of so many, a true icon and leader of change.
Most historians date the beginning of the modern civil rights movement in the United States to December 1, 1955. That was the day when an unknown seamstress in Montgomery, Alabama refused to give up her bus seat to a white passenger. Rosa Parks was a faithful,racily proud African American woman who had the intentions of going home but instead got arrested for standing for what was right. Rosa's leadership started this day and went on to even bigger acts of leadership against racism and to fight for civil rights.
The bus incident led to the formation of the Montgomery Improvement Association, led by the young pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The association called for a boycott of the city-owned bus company. The boycott lasted 382 days and brought Mrs. Parks, Dr. King, and their cause to the attention of the world. A Supreme Court Decision struck down the Montgomery ordinance under which Mrs. Parks had been fined, and outlawed racial segregation on public transportation.

Later in life
On August 30, 1994, Joseph Skipper, an African-American drug addict, entered her home and attacked the 81-year-old Parks in the course of a robbery. The incident sparked outrage throughout the United States. After his arrest, Skipper said that he had not known he was in Parks' home but recognized her after entering. Skipper asked, "Hey, aren't you Rosa Parks?" to which she replied, "Yes." She handed him $3 when he demanded money, and an additional $50 when he demanded more. Before fleeing, Skipper struck Parks in the face.Skipper was arrested and charged with various breaking and entering offenses against Parks and other neighborhood victims. Suffering anxiety upon returning to her small central Detroit house following the ordeal, Parks moved into Riverfront Towers, a secure high-rise apartment building where she lived for the rest of her life.
Second act of leadership
Later in life Parks helped found the Rosa L. Parks Scholarship Foundation for college-bound High School graduates, and also after the death of her husband in 1977, Mrs. Parks founded the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self-Development. The Institute sponsors an annual summer program for teenagers called Pathways to Freedom. The young people tour the country in buses, under adult supervision, learning the history of their country and of the civil rights movement.
Rosa Parks "Mother of the civil rights movement"
First act of leadership
Why Rosa parks meant the most to the Black Americans
Medals and awards appointed to Rosa Parks
President Clinton presented Rosa Parks with the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1996.
She received a Congressional Gold Medal in 1999.
The NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actress in a Drama Series
Also the Spingarn Medal
1995, she received the Academy of Achievement's Golden Plate Award
1992, she received the Peace Abbey Courage of Conscience Award
1998, she was the first to receive the International Freedom Conductor Award given by the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center.
She receives the Windsor–Detroit International Freedom Festival Freedom Award.
The Million Man March was a gathering of a massive amount of African-Americans in Washington, D.C. on October 16, 1995. The march took place within the context of a larger grassroots movement that set out to win politicians’ attention for urban and minority issues through widespread voter registration campaigns. During this march there was many Black American leaders speaking, one being Rosa parks. She speaks about honor and how things have changed for the better. Also giving the motherly support to all colored men, women and children.
Full transcript