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ANTI-POVERTY MEASURES & CHALLENGES AHEAD (CBSE)
Transcript of ANTI-POVERTY MEASURES & CHALLENGES AHEAD (CBSE)
Poverty is like punishment for a crime you didn't commit
INDIA--Over a period of 30 years lasting up to the early 80's ,there were little per capita income growth and not much reduction in poverty .Official poverty estimates which were about 45%in the early 1950's remained the same even in the early 80's .Since the 80's ,India's economic growth has been one of the fastest in the world .The growth rate jumped from the average of about 3.5% a year in the 1970's to about 6% during the 1980's and 1990's . The higher growth rates
have helped significantly in the reduction of poverty. Therefore,it is becoming clear that there is a strong link between economic growth and poverty reduction . Economic growth widens opportunities and provides the resources needed to invest in human development . This also encourages people to send their children,especially girls in the hope of geing better economic returns from investing in education.
National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA)
2005 was passed in september 2005 . The act provides 100 days assured employment every year to every rural household in 200 districts . Later, the schemes extended to 600 districts . One third of the jobs would be reserved for women. Under the progamme if an applicant is not provided employment within 15 days he/she will be entitled to a daily unemployment allowance
Wednesday, October 15, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
ANTI-POVERTY MEASURES & CHALLENGES AHEAD
-Removal of poverty has been one of the major aims of Indian development strategy
-Current anti-poverty strategy of the government is based broadly on two planks:
(1) promotion of economic growth
(2) targeted anti-poverty programmes
Since 80's ,India's economic growth has been one of the fastest in the world
ANTI POVERTY PROGRAMMES
National Food for Work Programme (NFWP)
which was launched in 2004 in 150 most backward districts of the country. The programme is open to all rural poor who are in need of wage employment and desire to do manual unskilled work . It is implemented as a 100 per cent centrally sponsored scheme and foodgrains are provided free of cost to the states .
Prime Minister Rozgar Yozana (PMRY)
is another scheme which was started in 1993 . The aim of the programme is to create self-employment oppertunities for educated unemployed youth in rural areas and small towns . They are helped in setting up small business and industries .
Rural Employment Generation Programme (REGP)
was launched in 1995 . The aim of the programme s to create self employment oppertunities in rural areas and small towns . A target for creating 25 lakh new jobs has been set up for the programme under Tenth Five Year plan .
Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY)
was launched in 1999 . The programme aims at bringing the assisted poor families above the poverty line by organising them into self help groups through a mix of bank credit and government subsidy .
Prandhan Mantri Gramodaya Yozana ( PMGY) launched in 2000 , additional central assistance is given to states for basic services such as primary health , primary education , rural shelter , rural drinking water and rural electrification .
-Even though poverty has declined in India , poverty reduction still remains as India's most compelling challenge
-Wide disparities in poverty are visible between rural & urban areas and among different states .
-Certain social & economic groups vulnerable to poverty
-Poverty reduction is expected to make better progress in the next 10-15 years
DISCRIMINATION OF POOR PEOPLE
- Poverty reduction in the coming years would be possible mainly due to higher economic growth ,increasing stress on universal free elementary education ,declining population growth ,increasing empowerment of the women & the economically weaker sections of society
-Official poverty definition
:"Minimum" subsistence level of living rather than a "reasonable" level of living
-Many scholars advocate that we must broaden the concept into human poverty
-Worldwide experience shows that with development , the definition of what constitutes poverty also changes.
-Eradication of poverty is always a moving target
DONE BY :
Mily Alice and Khushali Pandya