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Splendid Little War
Transcript of Splendid Little War
limited supply of natural resources
1890s economic depression
social protests (labor unions, radicals, populists)
European colonization ("scramble for Africa")
last attempt at preventing US control
unable to challenge American business interests
creation of provisional government (1893-1898)
paved way for annexation of Hawaii
Cuban Revolt (1895)
General Valeriano Weyler
Dupuy de Lome letter (Spanish Minister)
sinking of the Maine
supply and mobilization problems
quick war (4 months)
Treaty of Paris Stipulations (December 1898)
recognition of Cuban independence
cession of Puerto Rico and Guam to US
Spanish acceptance of US military occupation of Guam
Andrew Carnegie, Mark Twain, Samuel Gompers, William Jennings Bryan and others
role of William Jennings Bryan
so-called "referendum on the Philippines"
The Philippine War (1898-1902)
commitment of 200,000 American troops
death of 50,000 Filipinos
higher death ratio than Civil War (15 Filipinos killed for every American solider wounded)
Alfred T. Mahan - "The Influence of Sea Power upon History" (1890)
"Open Door Notes"
each nation will respect each other's spheres of influence
Chinese officials to continue collecting tariffs
no nation-to-nation economic discrimination
to maintain control of new 'empire':
Platt Amendment (1900) - forced Cuba to have US approve any international agreement
Foraker Act (1900) - ended military rule in Puerto Rico and established formal colonial government (to be followed by the Jones Act (1917)
establishment of Joint Chiefs of Staff (1903)
Teller Amendment was adopted after President McKinley's war message.
It authorized US to only aid Cuban liberation, and to no annex Cuba.
william jennings bryan
alfred t. mahan