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African Country Project
Transcript of African Country Project
male: 114.91 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 104.91 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.) Literacy Rates Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 28.7%
female: 15.1% (2005 est.) The Government and Corruption Since July, Niger has experienced its worst flooding in eighty years, affecting over 500,000 people. Niger desperately needs international aid to help flood victims. But on September 8, Interior Minister Abdou Labo announced that some aid had been stolen.
Authorities have created a hotline to report corruption and established a national anti-corruption body with representation from government.
In July 2011, three months after President Mahamadou Issoufou took office, soldiers angry at firings and probes connected to the anti-corruption campaign plotted to assassinate him.
In January of 2012, arsonists targeted the Ministry of Justice, destroying key files used in the investigations. Critics even charge that members of the president’s own entourage “have hastened to fill their pockets before packing up.” Infastructure Niger has made progress in some areas of its infrastructure, including water and telecommunications. But the country still faces a number of important infrastructure challenges, in the water and sanitation sector, as 82 percent of Nigeriens still practice open defecation, the highest in the continent. Only 8 percent of the 6,800 kilometers (4,225 miles) of roads are paved, remains no railway network in Niger, there is an emphasis on increasing access to the sea via waterways through neighboring states to the south. Climate Niger has tremendous heat and extreme aridity that is almost unbearable to the human settlements of the land. Popularly known as the "Frying Pan of the World", Niger Climate is so very hot that it even makes the raindrops evaporate prior to reaching the ground. It is this climatic condition which has made Niger, one of the hottest countries in the world..The average rainfall varies in different parts of the country, it ranges from 2cm to 25cm Leisure Activiteis Not much, Niger was ranked 186th out of 187 in the HDI (human development index) in 2012. There are however a few historical sites that would spark somepeoples interests. Soccer and Rugby Culture The culture of Niger is marked by variation, French colonialism formed into a unified state from the beginning of the 20th century. What is now Niger was created from four distinct cultural areas in the pre-colonial era. The Djerma dominated Niger River valley in the southwest, and ranged along the long southern border with Nigeria. Kaouar in the far east, populated by Kanuri farmers and Toubou pastoralists who had once been part of the Kanem-Bornu Empire; and the Tuareg nomads of the Aïr Mountains and Saharan desert in the vast north. Each of these communities, along with smaller ethnic groups like the pastoral Wodaabe Fula, brought their own cultural traditions to the new state of Niger.
In religion, Islam, spread from North Africa beginning in the 10th century, has greatly shaped the mores of the people of Niger. Since Independence, greater interest has been in the country's cultural heritage, particularly with respect to traditional architecture, hand crafts, dances and music.
Music of Niger includes the guitar music of the Tuaregs of Agadez as performed by Group Inerane, Group Bombino and others. History The nomadic Tuaregs were the first inhabitants in the Sahara region. The Hausa (14th century), Zerma (17th century), Gobir (18th century), and Fulani (19th century) also established themselves in the region now called Niger.
Niger was incorporated into French West Africa in 1896. There were frequent rebellions, but when order was restored in 1922, the French made the area a colony. In 1958, the voters approved the French constitution and voted to make the territory an autonomous republic within the French Community. The republic adopted a constitution in 1959 but the next year withdrew from the Community, proclaiming its independence Currency Niger has the West African CFA franc. It is at a rate of 0.00199242 to the Canadian dollar Hightest and Lowest Eleveations Lowest: Niger River (150m)
Highest: Mt. Bagzane (2035m) Niger have between 8 and 20 indigenous languages.
Hausa (49%), Zarma and Songhai (25.5%)
French, inherited from the colonial period, is the official language. It is spoken mainly as a second language by people who have received an education. The French is the language used by the official administration (courts, government, etc.), the media and the business community. Niamey is the capital and largest city of the West African country of Niger. Niamey lies on the Niger River, primarily situated on the east bank. It is an administrative, cultural and economic centre. Physical Political Economy Niger's economy is based largely on crops, livestock, and some of the world's largest uranium deposits. Drought cycles, desertification, a 3.4% population growth rate and the drop in world demand for uranium have crippled an already marginal economy. Traditional subsistence farming, herding, small trading, and informal markets dominate an economy that generates few formal sector jobs. Infant Mortality Rate 95% of Muslims are Sunni; 5% are Shi'a.Islam was spread into what is now Niger beginning in the 15th century.
Christianity was brought with French colonial institutions, and it includes local believers from the educated, the elite, and colonial families, as well as immigrants from neighboring coastal countries. both Roman
Catholics and Protestants, account for less than 5 percent of the population—one estimate has Christians at 0.4% THE END. Life Expectancy in Niger Life expectancy at birth: total population: 53.8 years male: 52.51 years female: 55.13 years (2012 est.) Politics The current system of government, since the Constitution 18 July 1999, is termed the Fifth Republic of Niger. It is a semi-presidential republic, whereby the President of Niger is head of state and the Prime Minister of Niger head of government. The officials holding these posts are chosen through a representative democratic process of national and local elections, in the context of a competing multi-party system Mahamadou Issoufou Brigi Rafini Imports and Exports Uranium is the biggest contributor to Niger’s export revenues, foreign exchange earnings from livestock are also big. Cowpeas, onions, hides and skins are the other items of exports from Niger. Japan has emerged as one of the biggest export destinations for Niger products and accounted for over 80% of the African nation’s exports. Nigeria and France are the two other major export destinations for Niger’s products and accounted for 8.5% and 2.9% of the nation’s 2008 exports. Imports include Foodstuffs, machinery, vehicles and parts, petroleum and cereals are the major items imported by Niger. France is the biggest import partner of Niger and accounted of nearly 17% of the African nation’s 2008 exports. China, Algeria, Nigeria, French Polynesia and Belgium were the other main import partners of Niger in 2008 and accounted for 11%, 9.7%, 7.5%, 6.6% and 4.3%, respectively.