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A Study of Word Families:
Transcript of A Study of Word Families:
We will call this "Unit One" since we are starting a new way to approach Vocabulary.
Each unit contains four Latin and/or Greek roots, and two to four English vocabulary words are provided for each root .
Beneath the definition of the root, you will find the word, its pronunciation, part of speech, and English definition.
If the word has a prefix, or if it is especially difficult to reconcile with its root, the entry will contain an analysis of the parts of the word, followed by a literal definition.
is explained as
; the literal meaning is "
a pushing back
Each entry provides a sentence using the word and introduces pertinent synonyms and/or antonyms.
There is also visual reinforcement to aid in understanding, mnemonic cartoons also appear in each unit.
There are six different kinds of exercises in each Unit.
three kinds of practice using words in context
one test of your ability to infer information based on the words meaning
one reading comprehension excercise
one activity in which you will deduce the meaning of an unfamiliar word based on knowledge of the word's root
It is my hope that you will have had thorough preactice using the words in context and you will be prepared to make each word a part of your working vocabulary.
Here are the words for Unit One:
1. deficient 11. operational
2. petrify 12. defunct
3. affection 13. malfunction
These all come from the following roots:
1. FAC, FIC, FECT - Latin: FACERE, FACTUM, "to make do"
2. ACT, AG - Latin: AGERE, ACTUM, "to do, drive"
3. OPER - Latin: OPERARE, OPERATUM, "to work"
4. FUNCT - Latin: FUNGI, FUNCTUM, "to work, to perform"
A Study of Word Families:
Latin and Greek Roots
~ Douthit's English 8
FAC, FIC, FECT
"to make do"
1. facsimile: (noun) - a copy; an imitation
facere + similis,
That edition of the U. S. Constitution was a poor facsimile that looked like it was made on a cheap copier.
synonym : duplicate
2. Deficient: Not having enough; lacking
, "down", +
= "made down" -> "made less"
Mom wouldn't let us buy the cereal because she said it was
3. petrify (verb) To scare; to frighten
, "stone" +
"to make, to do" = to turn to stone
The vampire movie
everyone in the theater so much that they were afraid to leave their seats.
4. affection: (noun): a feeling of love or liking
, "towards," +
"to make" "to do" = to do towards
Because Mary felt a great deal of affection for Frank, she bought him a lovely farewell gift.
5. suffice: (verb) To be enough
, "beneath, under" +
"to make" "to do" = to make or be under, to support
Betty didn't need any more friends, she felt the ones she had would suffice.
antonym: fall short
AGERE, ACTUM "to do, drive"
6. Transact: (verb) to carry out
trans, "across" + actum, "drive across"
The supermarket was closed, so Carrie couldn't
any business there today.
7. Agenda: (noun) - a list of things to do
agenda: literally, "those things that must get done"
Dimitri said the meeting's agenda included a report on income and one on spending.
8. coagulate: (verb) - to solidify; to clump or clot
, "together" +
"to do, drive" = to drive together
Many snakes kill their food by making the victim's blood
so it will not circulate
OPERARE, OPERATUM, "to work"
9. inoperable: (adjective) - not in working order.
in, "not" = operare, "to work" = not able to work
Someone jammed up something in the lock yesterday, making it
10. cooperate: (verb) - to work with, to be helpful to
, "together," +
"to work" = to work together
To win the final football game, all team members had to cooperate with one another.
11. operational: (adjective) - in working order
The scientists found one minor problem in the robot, but most of the parts were still operational.
Latin: FUNGI, FUNCTUM,
"to work, to perform"
12. defunct: (adjective) No longer working, no longer active
de, "down from" + functum "to work, to perform" =
"down from work" "no longer working"
No one went to Great Wonder Amusement Park on Saturday because many of the rides were defunct.
13. malfunction: (noun) - Something that goes wrong, problem
, "badly," +
"to work, to perform"
Theresa was the one who discovered the malfunction that made the computer stop.