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Hypertension - Ashmini

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Ashmini Tap

on 11 June 2013

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Transcript of Hypertension - Ashmini

High Blood Pressure Hypertension Timeline First described in 1872 Background Information 2 Main types Primary & Secondary
Other types; ISH, IDH, & WCH
Measured with Systolic and Diastolic blood pressure
Affects the circulatory system, forces the heart to pump harder due to blockage in the artery Possible Causes Treatment Where it mainly occurs? Helpful Technology Nobel Scientists Education needed to follow foot steps Organization This photo shows the pressure walls within the arteries, & how narrow it became which is what makes the heart have to push harder for the blood to move Doctors are not 100% sure as to what causes hypertension, there are many possibilities, in some cases causes are unknown called Essential Hypertension
Causes for primary HBP
•Stiffer blood vessels as age, blood pressure increase & chance of stroke, heart attack & failure, kidney disease, & early death also increase
•Obesity
•Stressed or anxiety
•Intake of large amount of salt, and/or alcohol on regular basis (Women 1, Men 2 drinks per day)
•Genetics
Causes for secondary HBP
Chronic kidney diseaseDisorders of the adrenal gland (pheochromocytoma or Cushing syndrome)
Pregnancy
Medications; birth control pills, diet pills, some cold medications, and migraine medications
Narrowed artery that supplies blood to the kidney (renal artery stenois)
Hyperthyroidismdism
There is no cure for HBP, Depending on the severity of HBP the treatment will as follows. There are only 2 possible treatments, lifestyle changes and/or medication Hypertension is a problem directly affecting the heart, it enlarges the ventricles & atria, as well as thickens the walls of the heart The artery walls become more difficult to allow blood to leave the heart to the rest of the body due to the build of plague & the damage within the artery that may have occurred http://www.eucomed.org/uploads/Modules/CaseStudies/20130304_a_case_study_on_innovative_medical_technology_renal_denervation.pdf Right heart catheterization; process by which they doctors give you anesthesia and send the catheter down a vein in your neck or from the groin and to the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery. The doctor can easily measure the pressure in the pulmonary artery Catheter; Flexible tube that allows doctor to measure blood pressure to the most accurate degree Single end goes into the body and senses radio wave frequency sent back to a machine Stephen Hales (1733) – measured blood pressure (VIA horse)
Mahomed (1872) - Relation between High blood pressure and renal disease
Goldblatt & Colleagues (1934) - Experimental production of renal hypertension Pulmonary Hypertension Association (USA) http://www.hypertension.ca/ http://www.phassociation.org/ Hypertension Canada Both websites have good information on HBP, facts, ways to prevent and maintain healthy blood pressure
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