Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Athens and Sparta

No description

Al Palange

on 27 July 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Athens and Sparta

Chapter 27
Athens and Sparta
Two City-States
Women and Slaves
Oligarchy with an assembly.
decisions made by a much smaller group called Council of Elders.
Two kings and 28 other men who were elected by the assembly.
Council of Elders
Prepared laws to be voted on by the Assembly.
Relied on farming and conquering other people.
Used slaves and noncitizen to produce needed goods.
Some trade but discouraged it.
feared trade would lead to new ideas and weaken them.
Did not have a coin money system. Instead used iron heavy iron bars. WHY?? Problems??
To produce men who could protect the city-state.
Trained to fight from the age of seven, even girls.
Boys lived in barracks- trained in wrestling, boxing, footracing, gymnastics, and military training.
Fitness test at age 20 to become full citizens.
Could not live at home until the age of 30.
Women expected to be strong healthy and ready to fight.
had many rights
Slaves (helots) were people who had been conquered.
many more helots than citizens
treated harshly
Spartan government would declare war on helots at time in order to legally kill any slaves they thought might rebel.
Story of the murder of the 2,000 best fighters.
Women and Slaves
Producing good citizens was the main purpose of education.
Sharp mind, healthy body.
From age 6-14, boys went to school.
Taught reading, writing, arithmetic, literature, and music.
Coaches taught sports (wrestling,gymnastics, etc)
At age 18, men began military training.
After their service they would study with private teachers. (debate, public speaking)
Women were taught to cook, clean, spin thread, and weave cloth.
Only free men could be citizens-all men over the age of 18 who were born in Athens. Who do they exclude?
Women and slaves
Every citizen could take part in the government.
500 citizens over the age of 30 were chosen every year to make up the Council of 500.
Proposed laws for the Assembly to approve.
Assembly met every 10 days to debate new laws.
6,000 citizens had to be present for a meeting to take place.
Based on trade
Traded for wood from Italy, grain from Egypt.
Traded honey, olive oil, silver, pottery.
Bought and sold goods at a marketplace called the agora.
Also bought and sold slaves, pottery, furniture, and clay oil lamps
Made their clothes at home.
Coin money system.
could not vote or attend assembly
A few important women were priestesses.
Most spent the day managing the household and bringing up children.
born into, or captured in wars.
many slaves in Athens.
some performed jobs of great skill.
unlucky ones worked in the silver mines for 10 hours a day.
Full transcript