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The Battle of Hastings

BY Hannah and Islay

Islay dickie

on 16 July 2011

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Transcript of The Battle of Hastings

Norman attacking waves Saxon Shield Wall 1066 The Death of the King T The Claims to the Throne The Battle of Stanford Bridge The Battle of Hastings Edward the Confessor King of England Ruled from: 8 June 1042 – 5 January 1066 His Death King Edward died on the 5th January 1066. There was now uncertainty in England because he had no obvious heir. There was a debate on who should claim title as king. The Bayeux Tapestry The Battle of Stanford Bridge Edgar was king Edwards nearest blood relative. He was Edwards’s nephew’s son and a descended from Alfred the Great. Being 14 years old was not considered for the throne because he had no experience with government and war. He was also had no siblings that could take over if he died. Harold Godwin was chosen by the Witan, the king’s advisory council, to take the throne. He had governed a part of England. He was the leader of the king’s army and had driven off an invasion by the King of Wales in 1066. His sister was Kind Edwards wife. Harold Godwinson Crowned King Of englandon the 6th of January 1066. The day of King Edward's burial According to ledgend Harold Godwinson is shot through the eye during the battle of hastings. Harald Hardrada, King of Norway 1047- 1066. He claimed that Viking Warrior Cnut had been the King of England from 1016-1035. His sons then shared the throne until 1042. He argued that if there was no obvious Saxon ruler then the throne should return to Danish Kings. He had the support of a large army and Harold Godwin’s brother Tostig who wanted revenge. They prepared to invade. Now located in the town of Bayeux in Normandy. The 70m-long tapestry offers a detailed, vivid depiction of the events leading up to the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. It starts with Harold of Wessex’s visit to Normandy and his meeting with Duke William in 1064, and ends with the flight of the English army at Hastings. Duke William of Normandy, also known as William the Conqueror. He was Duke of Normandy from 3rd January 1035 until his death. He was the first Norman King of England from Christmas 1066 until his death. He claimed he had visited England in 1051 and King Edward had promised him the throne. He also claimed Harold Godwin, the new King of England, had sworn on holy relics to help him claim the throne. He prepared to invade England. http://panograph.free.fr/BayeuxTapestry.html The Battle of Stanford Bridge
On the 18th of September, Harald invaded along the estuary with an invasion fleet of 300 ships. King Harold’s earls in the North marched to meet the invaders. They were Morcar, Earl of Mercia and his brother Edwin Earl of Northumbria. The English army was defeated on the 20th of September. Hardrada now controlled the north. Harold Godwin then collected a stronger army and hurried and hurried north to defeat Hardrada’s army. On the 25th of September he launched a surprise attack on Hardrada’s troops while they were resting on Stanford Bridge outside York. The invading army was slaughtered. Hardrada and Tostig were both killed. Only 24 of the 300 ships were needed to bring the survivors home. On the 28th of September William, Duke of Normandy invasion left Normandy and headed for England. To view the Bayeux Tapestry click the link above The Battle Of Hastings Norman Conquest William, Duke of Normandy The Battle of Hastings was fought between William, Duke of Normandy, and Harold Godwin, King of England.
William set sail across the channel of the 28th of September 1066. Norman Army

•696 ships
•5000 soldiers
-included arches
•2000 knights on horseback
-highly trained with swords and lances King Harold may have heard of the landing of the Norman army on the 1st of October. He decided on a surprise attack as that had worked so well with the Vikings. He then marched back to London accompanied by his house Carls, his army weakened by battle. Some fell behind the leading group. When Harold reached his destination he failed to wait for reinforcement. Saxon army- After Stanford bridge battle
• 5,000 foot soldiers
-many untrained peasants
-used swords and battle axes
• 2,000 highly trained house carls
• NO archers
-they hadn’t yet arrived at the battle Harold , King of England Crossing the channel was dangerous because of the uncertain tides and weather, also William ran the risk of being attacked by Harold’s fleet or of being surprise attacked as they landed. Despite this his men landed at Penvensey near Hastings. The battle began on the 14th October 1066. Saxon Shield Wall Norman 'retreating' Waves Tactics of the Battle At the beggining of the battle the saxons were on top of the hill and formed a strong sheild wall. This gave them very good defenses. The battle started at about 9am and lasted into the afternoon. ...then the Normans went into attcak and sent wave after wave of horses and soldiers to try and cut down the saxon sheild wall. After the battle The Normans won the battle of hastings
King harold was killed
The normans went on the rampage, burning and looting towns near hastings
The saxons decided they couldn't fight the normans and offered the throne to William
William was crowned , the king of england on Christmas day 1066 in Westminster Abbey. Saxon Shield Wall Saxon Army Once William was king , he kept control by rewarding the soldiers who fought for him with land and titles, taken from the Saxons. Norman Army Norman Army Their attacks were pushed bakc by the
Saxon Shield wall. Normans started "retreating" down the hill. The Saxon army thought they had won and chased after the Normans, breaking their defensive wall and losing their advantage of the hill. The Normans saw what happened and turned back around. They surrounded the Saxons and knocked them down. They used this tactic 2 or 3 times in different places along the Saxon wall.
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