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The Wolf

For centuries the wolf has been feared and hated. Lets dive into these fears and hates and see if they are justified or not.
by

Isabella Evans

on 6 March 2013

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Transcript of The Wolf

The Embodiment of Evil Wolves were often portrayed in a negative light in the Bible. They were often used as a metaphor for greed or danger. Some parables even put them on the same level as Satan. While the wolf was feared in many Native American tribes, it was also respected. Many tribes believed that it was bad luck to kill a wolf. Some tribes even considered wolves their brothers. In many European fairy tales, wolf was often the villain.
Little Red Riding Hood
The Wolf and the Fox
The Wolf and the Seven Young Kids Fairy Tales Wolves in the Bible The Wolf's Howl... This sound has haunted the nightmares of many and inspired the dreams of the few who dare to face Fear. Over the centuries, the wolf has been represented as the embodiment of evil. Ragnarok In Norse Mythology, Fenrir the wolf was feared by almost all the gods. Only Tyr would go near him, but eventually, Fenrir bit his hand off. It was said that, he would cause Ragnarok, the end of the world. Birth of Rome Native Americans But not all wolf myths were negative The Romans believed that Romulus and Remus, the founders of Rome, were found and nursed to maturity after they were thrown into the river as babies. Odin's Companions While Fenrir was predicted to cause the end of the world, Odin did have two wolf companions, Geri and Freki, that were said to be very wise. Still, it is the evil portrayal of the wolf that dominated the hearts of many, particularly those in Europe. Many superstitions involving death and destruction surrounded the wolf. The wolf was even associated with witches and the devil. The fear and hatred of the wolf led to it's extinction in Europe. By the 1930s, wolves were hunted almost to extinction Wolves were were put on the Endangered Species list in 1973, and in the 1990s wolves were reintroduced into Yellowstone Park. Wolves are now on their way to recovery. However, the fear of the wolf still threatens them today. Wolves have been expanding their territory outside of Yellowstone, and many fear that the wolf population has gotten out of hand and needs to be cut down some. Wolf Diet One of the main concerns about wolves is that they will eat anything. Worried ranchers often kill wolves to protect their livestock. Wolves will eat anything they can catch, including livestock and pets, but their main source of food is elk and caribou. Since the sick and the young are easier to catch, they will usually try to go after those. The Pack But what makes the wolf so scary is that there usually isn't just one wolf. Wolves are extremely social animals. They usually travel in packs of 2-10, some packs can get up to 30 but this is rare. They hunt as a team, and they have a social structure that is very effective. The Alphas The alphas are in charge of the whole pack. There is an alpha male and an alpha female in every pack. The Pups The alpha couple usually has all the puppies, but the whole pack takes care of them. The Betas The betas are the second in command. They deal with any problems the alpha doesn't want to deal with; they become the next alpha when the current one dies. Omegas Omegas are the lowest in the pack. They are the last to eat and are often distanced somewhat from the rest of the pack. Communication Wolves communicate to each other through barks, yips, body language, and, of course, howls. Human Attacks Another concern is that wolves also see humans on the menu, but wolf attacks on humans are pretty rare. A healthy wolf usually won't attack a human. Just like any other animal, wolves are generally afraid of humans and tend to stay away from them. My Thoughts The same howls wolves use to communicate with each other are the same howls that many people fear and hate. But I find a wolf's howl to be eerie and beautiful and a little bit soothing. To me, the wolf is the ultimate symbol of beauty and mystery and death. It's a good symbol for death because it is a hunter and it needs to kill other things in order to survive and also because death threatened and still threatens it today. The Future As the human species grows, the survival of many other species is threatened. In this constant race for survival, will the wolf be able to keep up? Or will fear and hate finally kill them? Can humans ever learn to live with animals? But the fear of the wolf was still strong and eventually this fear was transported to America when it was being settled and colonized. But serious wolf hunting did not begin until the early 1900s. During this time, bounty hunters, park rangers, and other government officials hunted not only the wolf, but many any other animals that were considered to be a nuisance to farmers and ranchers. Wolves were shot, trapped, and poisoned. Their coats were sold at a high price. Others believe that all wolves need to be exterminated. Music: The Howling by Nox Arcana

References: http://www.treesforlife.org.uk/forest/mythfolk/wolf.html
http://www.spiritofthewolf.co.uk/education/wolf-myths/
http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~spok/grimmtmp/
http://yellowstoneinsider.com/s5-issues/c35-wolves/wolves-in-yellowstone-a-short-history.php
http://www.wolfweb.com/history.html
http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/wolf/
http://teacher.scholastic.com/wolves/gabout3.htm Deadly Superstitions Though the werewolf legend didn't start in Europe, it was still greatly feared Wolf Hunting Today But as much as I love the wolf, I wouldn't want to meet one in the wild. Its still a wild animal, and wild animals are dangerous and unpredictable. Humans vs Wolves But does that mean the wolf deserves to be feared and hated? I think it should be feared as much as any other predator but not hated. The wolf is a hunter it was born to kill and eat other animals. Its just doing what it can to survive. Humans do what they can to survive as well, and for some, such as ranchers, the wolf interferes with their way of life. But if the wolf is cold-blooded killer as many claim it to be, is the human race any different? Slavery, the Holocaust, and the Spanish Inquisition are all tragedies humans caused. Neither species is innocent, so who is to survive?
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