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Critical Approaches To Literature
Transcript of Critical Approaches To Literature
28 November 1820 – 5 August 1895
German social scientist, author, political theorist, philosopher, and father of Marxist theory, alongside Karl Marx.
Marxism encompasses :
an economic theory,
a sociological theory,
a philosophical method,
a revolutionary view of social change
Karl Heinrich Marx
5 May 1818 – 14 March 1883
German philosopher, economist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary socialist
Marxist / Sociological
Critical Approaches To Literature
Marxist/Marxism is the economical political theory and practice originated by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.
It holds that actions and human institutions are economically determined, that the class struggle is the basic agency of historical change, and that capitalism will ultimately be superseded by communism.
Refers to a school of economic thought tracing its foundations to the critique of classical political economy.
Marxian economics refers to several different theories and includes multiple schools of thought which are sometimes opposed to each other, and in many cases Marxian analysis is used to complement or supplement other economic approaches.
Examples of Marxist in the short story
Examples of Marxist in the Novel
Group Members :
Nadirah binti Muhammad
Nurfarahin binti Arif
Yuhana Shahzlin binti Mohd Tarmizi
Nur Ezzati Edmund
Lecturer Name : Puan Khursiah
Marxian economics concerns itself variously with :-
The analysis of crisis in capitalism.
The role and distribution of the surplus product and surplus value in various types of economic systems.
The nature and origin of economic value.
The impact of class and class struggle on economic and political processes.
The process of economic evolution.
Sociology is the scientific study of human social behavior and its origins.
We use various methods to develop a body of knowledge about human social actions, social structure and functions.
Marxist sociology refers to the conduct of sociology from a Marxist perspective.
(Doing some researches by the thought of Karl Marx)
The American Sociological Association (ASA) has a section in examining how insights from Marxist methodology and Marxist analysis can help explain the complex dynamics of modern society.
Key concepts of Marxist sociology include:
1. Historical materialism (someone’s background)
2. Mode of production
3. The relation between capital and labour.
Marxist sociology is more concerned to the relations between society and economics.
Commonly, the guideline questions asked by Marxist sociology include:
how does the capital control the workers?
how does the mode of production influence the social class?
what is the relation between workers, capital, the state and our culture?
how do economic factors influence inequalities, including those related to gender and race?
Within the field of sociological theory, Marxist sociology, recognized as one of the major sociological paradigms, is associated with conflict and critical theories.
Compared to Marxism, Marxist sociology has proven to put relatively little weight on making class revolution.
Modern philosophy from the mid-nineteenth century on, has been particularly interested in choosing, adapting, and in some cases inventing literary forms to fit the particular philosophical subject under investigation.
Simone de Beauvoir, with her explicit rejection of any formalist division between literature and philosophy, is one of the most interesting contributors to the modern development of philosophical writing.
Simone de Beauvoir
9 January 1908 – 14 April 1986
Preeminent French existentialist philosophers and writers
Novels, essays, biographies, an autobiography and monographs on philosophy, politics and social issues
TITLE : "VOICES" by Alice Munro
Character : Alice Munro's mother
Her mother is a school teacher
Don't like staying in a small town
Alice's aunt and uncle doesn't like her mother
She likes to socialize herself with the high class group
Encompasses multiple social and political movements that may define "revolution" differently from one another.
It is opposed to social movements that seek gradually ameliorate the economic and social problems of capitalism through political reform
Defined as seizure of political power by mass movements of the working class
Tittle: To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee
Character: Society of Maycomb
Situation: The Negroes were treated as a low class group
Three principles that explains Karl Marx's theories :