Transcript of Erik Erikson's Theory in Music
By: Emily Koertgen Erik Erikson's Theory in Music Trust vs. Mistrust Initiative vs Guilt From the ages of three to five, children begin the Initiative vs Guilt stage of development where they start role-playing and beginning to truly interact with other kids. This stages should give kids a sense of leadership and purpose. If the child is unsuccessful in this stage he will feel guilty and doubtful of himself. Identity vs Confusion During later childhood and early adulthood (12-18) individuals reach the Identity vs Confusion stage of Erikson's theory. In this stage one can observe the widely known experimental and crazy teen years that the media often times exaggerates. In this stage the individual begins to try and discover who they are in where they fit in society. If all goes well, a strong sense of self is your prize. If things go poorly, you will stay unsure of what you want out of life and unsure of who you truly are. Generativity vs Stagnation This stage encompasses the middle-aged population (about 40-65) and focuses on what these individuals are leaving behind as they reach old age. People in this stage idealize leaving the world having put something permanent in place there. They become more active with their lives and have the urge to be productive. Because of You Kelly Clarkson This song is great representation of Trust vs Mistrust because due to one person's lack of emotional attachment or faith to the artist, the artist finds it "hard to trust not only me, but everyone around me because of you". The artist seems to have depended on the other person, and when it fell apart she lost faith and trust on the rest of the world, much like a child would if their caregiver is not responsible or consistent. Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt, the second stage, starts at around 18 months old and ends at the age of two or 3 years old. In this stage of Erikson's theory a lot of changes take place: the child begins potty training, and the child begins making his/her own choices in foods and in toys. If this stage goes smoothly for the child, he or she will feel confident and secure. If it does not go well the child will feel doubtful of themselves and their abilities. These children will feel inadequate and unworthy. Beautiful Disaster Jon McLaughlin The girl being described and talked about in this song clearly is doubtful of herself. She does not have her life together, and she is "afraid they'll see that she has lost her direction" and "assuming that she'll get it wrong". This girl, the subject of the song, is an example of what could go wrong during this second stage. She does not believe in herself nor anything that she does, making her feel bad about herself, making her feel inadequate. Little Lion Man Mumford and Sons The opening lines of this song really show the subject of this song's relation to this stage of development. "You'll never be what is in your heart" and "your boldness stands alone among the wreck", these lyrics seem to display the subjects leadership gone wrong or, when relating it to a child in this stage, a preschooler who is beginning to show his power and control amongst his peers and is starting to grow into himself. Industry vs Inferiority In this stage (about 5 years old to 11 years old), children begin attending school where they will develop a sense of pride in themselves and their accomplishments from their classmates, teachers, and other adults who they interact with. Those kids who are successful will see themselves as competent and believe in their abilities. Those unlucky ones who don't make it through this phase successfully will feel that they cannot achieve anything. The Best Day Taylor Swift When the artist says she doesn't "know how my friends could be so mean" it shows how she looks to her peers for approval in her actions which she fails to find. She does, however, get the approval she had been hoping to get from her mother, "I love you... Staying back and watching me shine" Taylor Swift, clearly believes in her abilities, and this can be attributed to her supportive parents. Gold Rush Ed Sheeran This song explores the fifth stage of development by displaying the artist's teenage years and how he found himself as a singer/songwriter with the help of his friends... That sounds an awful lot like a cheesy-movie! Proof that this is the case is seen especially in the lyrics, "When I see my friends all they say is hold up and remember the times when we were in school: listening to grown-ups, didn't learn a thing, but, then again, you know what? You know how to sing!" Intimacy vs Isolation From 19 to about 40 years old, people enter the Intimacy vs Isolation stage. In this stage love and relationships become the primary focus. Erikson believed that success in the first five stages were necessary for success in this stage. Success would mean that the individual develops a close and meaningful relationship with another person. Failure in this stage means a life of isolation and lonliness (DUN! DUN! DUNNNN!) You Don't Know Her Like I Do Brantley Gilberts This song demonstrates the sixth stage by showing the artist's dependance on his recent Ex. "There's no way you're gonna help me, she's the only one who can" Shows how important the artist saw his relationship as being. It is clear that the once-couple was an intimate and long-term thing and that the break-up was hard. The artist might have failed a bit on this stage seeing as he thinks he has a lot to lose due to the break-up which can be seen as him thinking that he will now have nothing and be isolated without her. Charlie Boy The Lumineers Personally, I love this song because it is told almost as a story. This song also relates greatly to the seventh stage because you can see Charlie as a man who is trying to contribute to his country by serving it, and although his mother worries for him, he knows it was an honorable thing to do and he is doing his part to stay active in his own life. " "Charlie boy, don't go to war, first born in forty - fourFull transcript
Kennedy made him believe we could do much more" "Lillian, don't hang your head, love should make you feel good. In uniform you raised a man, who volunteered to stand" Trust vs Mistrust is the first stage of Erik Erikson's Theory on development. This stage begins at birth and ends at around 18 months old. In this stage children get their very first impression on the world, given to them by their caregivers. To 'succeed' in this stage, the child would have dependable and present caregivers that show him that the world can be trusted and is constant. Being unsuccessful means that the child's caregivers were, well, careless! By being inconsistent and emotionally absent, the caregivers give their child the impression that the world is unreliable and unpredictable and not to trust it. Integrity vs Despair The final stage, as you can expect, occurs in the final years of life. In this stage the individual looks back on all that has happened in their lives and they either accept it and are proud of what they have done with the time given to them, or they regret and are disappointed in themselves. Those who are happy with their lives are usually ones with wisdom, while those other few seem more bitter and unsatisfied. Glory Days Bruce Springsteen This classic demonstrates Erik Erikson's final stage perfectly by showing that a successful person can look back on their life with joy and even if some things are not exceptionally happy, you can laugh at some of the dumb things you have done.