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Transcript of French Revolution
May 5, 1789
The Estates General gathered in Versailles called by Louis XVI to discuss and improve a new tax plan.
June 17, 1789
Tennis Court Oath: After being locked out of their meeting room, deputies of the Third Estate assembled on a tennis court and swore not to separate until a constitutional regime was established.
Then the third estates made their own convention called "The National Assembly". A few liberal nobles and many clergy join the movement of the Third Estate.
July 7-13, 1789
The National Assembly appoints a committee of thirty members to draft a constitution. The National Assembly proclaims itself the Constituent National Assembly with the full authority and power to decree law. Their task is to draw up adopt a constitution.
July 12, 1789:
Jacques Necker is dismissed by the King Louis XVI. Necker is his very popular Minister of Finances.
July 13, 1789
: a rumor spread in Paris of a coming counter attack by the King's army to undermine the newly proclaimed parliamentarians.
July 14, 1789
A group of craftsmen and salesmen decided to fight back and ran to the Invalides to steal some weapons. There weren't many prisoners in the Bastille at the time of the storming; only 7 people were freed. On that night men began destroying the Bastille. When the King found out about this attack, he realized it was a revolution.
August 4, 1789
The end feudalism and serfdom in France
August 26 1789
Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
October 5, 1789
Women's march on Versailles
July 12, 1790
The Storming and Fall of the Bastille
The National Assembly completely abolishes the feudal system. It decrees that among the existing rights and dues, both feudal and censual, all those created in or representing real or personal serfdom shall be abolished without advantage.
declared by the deputies of the National Assembly
The women of Paris armed with pitchforks, pikes and muskets invaded Versailles, Parisians. These women forced the royal family back to Paris where they take up residence at the Tuileries and Louis XVI is considered as a prisoner by many.
Civil Constitution of the Clergy, 1790
September 3, 1791
The Constitution 1791 is adopted
December 15, 1791
The Bill of Rights
June 20, 1791
Louis XVI and his family are arrested while trying to flee from France
April 20, 1792
France declare war on Austria
Prussia joined the Austrian side so that two countries invaded France. A new government called "The Commune" captured and imprisoned the King while they took over power. The French army went through the war unprepared. They defeat overwhelmingly and fled, leaving the country vulnerable to counterattack.
The National Assembly released the Constitution of 1791 which created limited monarchy for France. In this Constitution, it allowed King Louis XVI to maintain control of the country.
The constitution also succeeded in eliminating the nobility and struck down monopolies and federations. It established a poll tax and disallowed servants from voting.
The constitution ensured that the control of the country stayed firmly in the hands of the middle class.
September 20, 1792
The National Convention is an assembly that governed France from September 1792 to October 1795. The National Convention was elected to provide a new constitution for the country after the overthrow of the monarchy on August 10, 1792.
August 10, 1792
The Attack on the Tuileries
In early August, the Legislative Assembly couldn't decide anymore what to do about the King, the constitution, the ongoing war, and all the political uprisings in Paris. On August 9, 1792 around to almost midnight, the tocsin sounded from the bell tower and a crowd gathered at the City Hall and headed toward the Tuileries Palace. The King’s bodyguards prepared to defend him, however, Louis recognized that it would be more less chaos to flee. He and his family escaped through a secret passage and they were under the protection of the Legislative Assembly, which arrested him.
December 10-11, 1792
Trial of Louis XVI begins
January 21, 1793
Louis XVI is executed to the guillotine
August 23, 1793
The Levée en Masse
Because of the dangers of foreign war, the Committee of public safety established a mass conscription (Levée en Masse) and succeeded in training an army of about 800,000 soldiers in less than a year. This was much larger than any army available to other European states.
September 1793 - July 1794
- a period during the French Revolution when a huge number of people were executed by guillotine.
September 5, 1793
The beginning of the Reign of Terror lead by Maximilien Robespierre who was also in charge of the Committee of Public Safety with Louis Antoine de Saint-Just.
Louis Antoine de Saint-Just
The guillotine became the symbol of a string of executions: Louis XVI had already been guillotined before the start of the terror.
September 17, 1793
The Committee of Public Safety passed the Law of Suspects, which has given the counterrevolutionary with vaguely to charge defined crimes against liberty.
September 29, 1793
This law set price limits and allowed the continues flow of food supply to the people of France
The Law of Maximum
December 5, 1793
Le Vieux Cordelier
published by Camille Desmoulins
translated version in
of the article
March 30, 1794
Desmoulins along with Danton who was the first president of the Committee of Public Safety and were Robespierre close friends, were suddenly arrested and executed by guillotine because of a quickly turned against the Committee of Public Safety. Robespierre didn't went against the committee and was still the leader of it so he's not included when Desmoulins and Danton died
June 8, 1794
The Cult of the Supreme Being
"The French people recognize the Supreme Being and the immortality of the soul".
a religion proclaimed by Robespierre. He explained his idea for a civic religion worshiping his extreme belief "supreme being" while resisting the more extreme tendency of some to eliminate spirituality outright through an atheistic "cult of reason."
The Festival of the Supreme Being
The result from the Cult of the Supreme Being and its festival Robespierre had a feeling and feared that the terror would be turned against them. Members of the Convention arrested Robespierre and Saint-Just and had him guillotined the following day. Members of Commune were also executed.
Death of Robespierre and Saint-Just
August 22, 1795
A new constitution of the Year III is adopted
End of the Revolution
Napoleon Bonaparte overthrows the Directory heralding the end of revolution.
Louis XVI had 33 charges which was read by Bertrand Barère.
693 deputies voted "yes" in favor of a verdict of guilty. Not a single deputy voted "no".
Louis punishment was death.
July 27-28, 1794