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Why did the Industrial Revolution start in Great Britain
Transcript of Why did the Industrial Revolution start in Great Britain
Why did the Industrial Revolution
start in Great Britain? Key factors :
Wealthy landowners in the early 1700's began buying
up land from smaller farmers. Smaller farmers and many of their former workers moved to the cities.
The large landowners greatly improved farming methods
which led to an agricultural revolution which in turn led to the Industrial Revolution. New farming methods & technologies:
#1- Enclosure Movement - Wealthy landowners enclosed their land
with fences or hedges which allowed them to experiment methods to incease their crop production. #2- Seed Drill
Invented by scientific farmer Jethro Tell in 1701
the Seed Drill allowed farmers to plant seeds carefully in specific places at certain depths to produce higher crop yield(output) #3 -Improved Crop Rotation
Remember The Medieval Three Field system? New root crops like turnips were planted in fields to restore soil nutrients in fields in which they had been previously exhausted. #4 Selective Breeding of Livestock
like sheep and cows End result=
Food production increases
and food supplies increases.
Less starvation, people became healthier and lived longer. IMPACT ON POPULATION? HUGE POPULATION EXPLOSION
England 5 million to 9 million
Europe 120 million to 190 million Definition of Industrialization-
Using machines to produce goods. England had all of the necessary resources
to Industrialize!! The process of Industrialization required many resources
such as :
Water power and coal to fuel the new machines
Iron-Ore to construct new machines, tools and buildings
Rivers for inland transportation
Harbors for which merchant ships could set sail
Study the next two maps!!
And then some!!
England's Additional Advantages
Inventors giving birth to new technology
Stable banking system
Investors willing to take capital risks
Stable Government that encouraged business
No wars on their "home turf"" during the 1700 & 1800's
Does this look like fun? Final Point - "Farm to the Factory"
The Agricultural Revolution in England led to the
Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution spread
and changed the world. Spinning Jenny