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AS Sociology - Culture & Identity lesson 7

The dramaturgical model

Amanda Lane

on 19 September 2016

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Transcript of AS Sociology - Culture & Identity lesson 7

AS Sociology
Concepts of the self: The DRAMATURGICAL MODEL
To understand the concept of Goffman's Dramaturgical model of 'The self'.
Lesson Objective:
Can you identify these actors and the type of role they usually play. How do they make their act more convincing?
1. Jim Carrey
2. Robert Pattison
3. Arnold Schwartzenegger
4. Sharon Stone
5. Kirsten Dunst
6. Jessie from Toystory
Goffman (1959)
He devised a concept of the self by using a stage and performance analogy. He called this 'The Dramaturgical model'
He professed that life is a stage and we are all 'social' actors. As social beings, we are constantly and continuously managing our 'performance': The impression we give to others.
What are these messages?
Our ‘script’ is formulated and regulated by the messages that we receive from others about our performances.
We all have ‘props’ that help us to execute our performance. These props are in accordance to our social status.
Props enable us to execute our performance more convincingly. These props enable us to perform in accordance to the norms and values of our society. Props are linked to social expectations to our social roles.
Props include:
Appropriate behaviour
Body language
Tone of voice
Front of stage refers to our social performance that everyone we come into contact with sees. This requires a high level of maintenance
According to Goffman, just like on a real stage, there is a front and back stage....
Back stage refers to how we act in private, with little management. Only a select few are privy to this performance.
We are constantly learning by recognising symbols through non-verbal communication and adjusting our performance accordingly. This level of performance management allows us to change our performance in different situations.
Our internal feelings (understanding) and external influences (actions and reactions of others) are always contradicting each other which is why our identity is always changing…
Identify the props to a situation!
Does not allow for free will - not all situations conform to stereotype or social norm.
People interpret situations differently.
People react differently.
Situations are governed by social forces according to Marxists and Functionalist.
External factors that effect our performance
Evaluation of Goffman...
A label that creates a negative reaction to a specific social group. These labels are formed by perceived inadequacies such as Physical defects, personal weakness and social differences.
This is YOUR life!
Use Goffman's model on your own life!
What would your props be?
What would your stage look like?
How many stages do you have?
What is your back stage performance like?
Is it different to your front?
What affects your performance?
What happens when people react badly to your performance?
How do you react to negativity towards your performance?
How do you manage your performance?
How do we know what they mean?
So imagine for a moment that your life is a west end musical or a TV show and you have the leading role...
What type of musical/show would it be?
What genre would your life performance fit into?
Think back to your own life performance...
What props would you need?
What are your social expectations?
Allocate yourselves into groups of 5 or 6. Each group will be allocated a social role.
Your task is to create a stage and props for a person to be able to execute that role more convincingly.
Are there any non-physical props that someone may need to execute your allocated performance?
Things to think about....
Norms & values
Full transcript