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The Diseases of the Trail of Tears

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by

Emily Johnson

on 14 March 2016

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Transcript of The Diseases of the Trail of Tears

What Illnesses did the Natives Contract?
What One American saw on the Trail of Tears
"They had to sleep in the wagons and on the ground without fire. And I have known as many as twenty-two of them to die in one night of pneumonia due to ill treatment, cold, and exposure."
The Hurt Children of the Trail of Tears
"I found a young Cherokee who had been shot by a roving band of hunters and who had eluded his pursuers and concealed himself under a shelving rock. Weak from loss of blood, the poor creature was unable to walk and almost famished for water... I nursed and protected him feeding him on chestnuts and toasted deer meat. "
Diseases we Have now Compared to the Trail of Tears
Diseases During the Trail of Tears
Thank you!
A Short Summary of the Trail of Tears
WEB LINKS
http://www.learnnc.org/lp/editions/nchist-newnation/4532
Includes the primary resource on John G. Burnett
The Diseases of the Trail of Tears
By: Emily Johnson
The Trail of Tears Route
The Trail of Tears occurred about 180 years ago (1838-1839), in which the Cherokee Indians were forced off their own land, which was east of the Mississippi River, by the moving American Settlers. The Cherokee had to travel to what is now Oklahoma, in horrible weather conditions which left many Natives dead or gravely ill.
-Private John G. Burnett 1838-1839
What this passage means is, the Native Americans suffered from malnourishment and and hypothermia on the Trail. These ailments and the hypothermia is because of how the Americans treated the Natives Americans.
Diseases We Have Now
Malaria
Smallpox
Typhus
Strep Throat
Hepatitis
Dengue
Diabetes
-Private John G. Burnett
On the Trail of Tears many children were susceptible to the hash weather and even the Americans who were guiding the Natives to their new land. This young Native had gotten shot by one of the Americans who were leading the Natives. Luckily the kind John Burnett saw the boy and saved him.
RED
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The Northern Route
BLUE
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The Water Route
YELLOW
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The Bell Route
http://trailoftearsgroup.weebly.com/trail-of-tears-diseases.html
Includes a diagram of sicknesses from now and then
Smallpox
Malaria
Whooping cough
Pneumonia
Measles
Cholera
Influenza
"The aged Indians were suffering extremely from the fatigue of the journey,
and ill health…We found the road literally filled with a procession for nearly three miles in
length…The sick and feeble were carried in wagons…multitudes go on foot--even aged
females apparently nearly ready to drop in the grave, were traveling with heavy
burdens…on the sometimes frozen ground…with no covering for feet…"
-"A Native of Maine" 1839
An Account from "A Native of Maine"
This "Native of Maine" was a traveler who was passing through the same area the the Cherokee were. This man saw all the illnesses and the sadness that the Cherokee had to go through on the Trail of Tears. In the passage he states, "...The sick and feeble were carried in wagons..." This shows how the Americans were set on getting all of the Cherokee off of "their" land and onto the new Cherokee land.
http://www.bringinghistoryhome.org/assets/bringinghistoryhome/(3)%20indianremoval.pdf
Includes the passage on "A Native of Maine"
Full transcript