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1.05 A New South Honors Project

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by

Jacob Benvenutty

on 4 September 2014

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Transcript of 1.05 A New South Honors Project


1.05
A New South:

Honors
Honors Assessment

Which Amendments?
19th
26th
19th Amendment
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.

Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. (U.S. constitution)

Introduction of Amendments
The 19th amendment was introduced to the House of the United States on July 4th, 1919 by U.S. Representative James R. Mann (1856-1922) on May 21, 1919

The 26th amendment was introduced by Jennings Randolph(1902-1998) in 1942, but hadn't been proposed to the House until March 23,1971.
Ratification of Amendments
The 19th amendment was ratified on August 18, 1920.
The 26th amendment was ratified on July 1, 1971.
Citation and URL's used:
http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/26th+Amendment
http://constitution.laws.com/american-history/constitution/constitutional-amendments/26th-amendment
http://www.history.com/topics/the-26th-amendment
http://www.history.com/topics/19th-amendment
The 19th amendment guarantees womens right to vote,
The 26th amendment lowers voting age
26th Amendment
The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.

The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.


History & Events that led to Ratification of Amendments
19th Amendment:
first women's rights meeting in the United States, held at Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848
In 1890,the NWSA and the AWSA, merged into the National American Woman Suffrage Association.
Large suffrage marches and parades in 1913 & 1915
In 1915, Mabel Vernon, Sarah Bard Field, & others traveled across the nation by automobile, carrying half a million signatures on a petition to Congress.
In 1917, Jeannette Rankin was elected to Congress, the first woman with that honor.
26th Amendment:
Debate over lowering the voting age in America from 21 to 18. Began during World War II and increased during the Vietnam War. Young men were denied the right to vote and were being drafted to fight for America, their country. They believed if they where old enough to die for thier country, that they were old enough to vote for the person that sent them there.
Main Supporters
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Susan B. Anthony
Alice Paul
National American Woman Suffrage Association
Lucretia Mott
Women
James R. Mann

Reasons for support
Women had started to think for themselves and realized that they did not need a man to do certain things. They had liked the feeling of being able to do what men did while the men were over seas. The women took their jobs to earn money for the family. Sadly they were not paid the same amount as a man would for the same job. This made Women furious, and rightly so! Women then decided to start organizations in efforts to earn their rights as American citizens.
Apposers
The states of Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, South Carolina and Virginia were completely against this
Why?: These were southern states that had not believed that women deserved the rights men have "earned". It was also "just the way things were" back then, and they felt that this change was threatening their way of life, rather than seeing the positive possibilities.
Main Supporters
Georgia
Jennings Randolph
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Richard M. Nixon

Reasons for support
It was believed that if you can fight for your country at 18 during the Vietnam War then you should certainly be able to vote for your country at 18. Which makes perfect sense. Personally I believe that this should also apply for consuming alcohol as well, but that's a different topic.
Apposers
No one really. This was one of those rare instances where everyone agreed!
Why?: Well as I stated in the previous slide people had believed if you can fight for your country at 18 then you can vote for your country.
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