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Lit IOP poetry :)

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yunying seet

on 4 August 2013

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Transcript of Lit IOP poetry :)

Christian Cemetery:
Significance of Title
A Comparison Of The Symbolic Representation And Treatment Of Erosion Of Tradition.
Point of View
Poetic Structure
No Other City
Collection of poems by a wide group of local poets
Compiled by Alvin Pang and Aaron Lee
Poems are presented in broad thematic clusters
Explore the Singaporean make-up

1. Trees by David Leo
2.Christian Cemetery by Robert Yeo
Common theme of erosion of
tradition due to rapid urbanization.
Trees- Third Person
Christian Cemetery-First Person

Presentation of Themes
Urbanization is unstoppable
Christian Cemetery

Symbolic representation of cemetery as the
traditional physical presence for mourning which
is being eroded

Persona's disapproval of urbanization

Symbolic representation of trees as roots of tradition which are being uprooted.

Persona's desire to return to the past before massive urbanization started
Unifying theme
Use of Symbolism exemplifying conflict
between tradition and urbanization
Trees as a symbol of Tradition
"Gone, the trees, Dignity along with the woods"
Christian Cemetery:
Cemetery as a symbol of tradition
"These tombstones have been uprooted Chipped madonnas and broken crosses"
Christian Cemetery

Perspective of death

associated with "cemetery"

Erosion of tradition

associated with religion

Perspective of uprooting of

traditional significance represented by trees
The traditional and historical

representation of trees
Subject Matter
In poem, Trees
Conflict shown:
2. Time demarcation
Destroys ecosystem,harms wildlife
Eradicates private space of lovers
Loss of formidable shelters
1. "Urban Renewal Department
which needed that plot for a park"
In poem,Christian Cemetery
2. "How her stone had she been
buried would wear away
or be dislodged"
1. Encroachment of urbanization.
Irreverence for traditional value of cemetery.
2. "wear away", "dislodged"-
Relentless force of urbanization,
forced to imbibe change.
Christian Cemetery:


Reflective and Personal

Shows the transition from
first stanza to the next



First Para:

"It seems the land was theirs for good- but for Urban Renewal Department which needed that plot for a park"
Second para:
"My granny, though Catholic, was cremated"
"She left us something that cannot be lost in stone"
2nd Para:

Possessive diction in "My granny"
Use of affectionate and tender words,
reflective and personal tone.

Gives readers an insight on persona's emotions.
Grandmother's place in his heart is permanent and irrevocably cherished.
"such mindless games before OB markers
proclaiming progress"
Diction in "mindless games"
Lack of careful consideration by government
to preserve tradition
Christian Cemetery:

Poem is in the form of a single block
Imagery of a Tombstone

Heightens readers understanding
Four Paragraphs
Presence of spaces prevalent in poem

Emptiness/Bare land
OB markers

Subversion of nature by modernity
Loss of greenery, wildlife
Salient Use of Symbols
Birds and squirrels are symbolic representations of nature,wildlife.

Machines symbolic representation of urbanization.
Christian Cemetery:
Grandmother as symbol of tradition.

Tradition of:

Religious symbols,"chipped madonnas" and "broken crosses".
"She'd heard all about urbanization, how her stone, had she been buried would wear away or be dislodged"
Inevitable fate of uprooting of the persona's grandmother's tombstone.
Urbanization cannot be prevented or stopped.
Christian Cemetery:
"So when she had to give up what space she occupied, she left us
something that cannot be lost in stone"
Grandmother had to give up the space for her tombstone
However, figurative "space" she occupied in poet and his family's hearts is forever.
Emphasizes that old traditions are forsaken to make room for modern advancements.
"one crushed beneath the wheels and several not far behind waiting"
"one" refers to birds that were
crushed by machines and died
due to loss of their natural habitat.
The uprooting of trees results in not only loss of greenery, but wildlife as well.
Reveals the encroachment of urbanization

Change is a continuous process
Parallels the ceaseless urban carnage
on nature and wildlife.
The stark similarities enhance the perimeters
demarcating these two poems.
Both poems richly use symbols
to illustrate the rapid erosion of tradition
in Singapore.
1. Spaces in between sentences
"lovers craving private space never
knowing the fear of being alone"

"Bald patches of earth roasting red bleeding
in the midday sun"
where once
the trees stood"
"where once trees stood proud and tall,
lallangs crouch their feeble blades"

"Bald patches of earth roasting red"
1st Para:

Use of alliteration in "Plot for a Park"
Plosive "p" reveals contempt

Renewal of land is a flippant idea.
"Oh the birds will soon learn the
deception of moving shades"
"one crushed beneath the wheels and
several not far behind waiting"
Use of anthropomorphism in "learn"

Use of language shows sardonic portrayal
of urbanization
Old will always have to make room for the new
Inescapable reality that tradition will eventually be over-written by urbanization.
Urbanization cannot be prevented or stopped
"Dislodged the birds spill onto the road,
taunting moving shadows"
Trees are "dislodged" by "taunting moving shadows"
that represent tractors,cranes.
Nature is sacrificed for urbanization
Of Tradition
Treatment of erosion of tradition:
-Poetic structure
-Presentation of themes
Full transcript