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Moses and the Exodus

Chapter 4: Moses, the Exodus, 10 Commandments, etc.

Mr. Sullivan

on 21 September 2017

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Transcript of Moses and the Exodus

Who make the best leaders?
The Life of Moses
Exodus 2:1-10
Moses is put into a basket by his mother and sent down the river.
He is found by Pharaoh's daughter and brought into his household
Moses is given back to his mother to be raised
Exodus 2:11-25
Moses sees an Egyptian beating a Hebrew so he kills the Egyptian and buries him in the sand
possible foreshadowing of what is to come?
Word spread of this so Moses flees into the wilderness and stays with the Midianites
While Moses is away a new Pharaoh comes to power and begins to be cruel to the Hebrew people.
While in Midian Moses...
Gets a job...
Gets a wife...
Has a kid...
...and is called by God to liberate the Hebrew people from their Egyptian oppressors
Exodus 3:1-22
Moses is called by God
God equips Moses to accomplish His plans
Moses asks for the name of God
What does this tell us about Moses?
What does this tell us about God?
The 10 Plagues
1. The Nile turns to blood
2. Frogs
3. Gnats
5. Pestilence (disease)
4. Flies
6. Boils
7. Hail
8. Locusts
9. Darkness
10. Death of the Firstborn
Popular Theories?
War against the Egyptian gods?
Random occurences?
volcanic activity?
The what's and how's are not important in the Bible
How did the plagues happen?
What were the 10 plagues?
Why were the 10 plagues?
God's love for His people.
The Passover
Sacrifice of the Lamb

Supper of the Lamb

Blood of the Lamb

Unleavened Bread

Isaac is spared
Jesus, the lamb of God
John the Evangelist: heaven was referred to as the Supper (or banquet) of the Lamb
The Eucharist
"Behold the Lamb of God. Behold Him who takes away the sins of the world.

Happy are those who are called to the supper of the Lamb."
The Passover
1. Gather the people
2. Tell the story
3. Offer thanksgiving
4. Share a meal
readings from Scripture: our story
blessed are you, God of all creation...
share bread and wine
Our Story so far...
Moses raised by Egyptians, but still cared for by his mother
Moses kills an Egyptian and flees to Midian
While in the desert he is called by God to liberate the Hebrew people
God equips Moses for what He has planned
10 plagues & the Passover
Our story Continues...
Do now - in your notebooks, please reflect on the following questions:
-Is following God easy or hard?

-Does what God wants always make sense to us?

-Is his path for us always clear?

With a partner please read Ex. 16:4-15 and Ex. 17:1-7.

As you read pay attention to how our two themes are present in the passages

Then write down one example of how each theme is present in each passage
We often forget God, but God never forgets us
God's love for His people
We often forget God,
but God never forgets us
The 10 Commandments
Why do we have rules?
Do you think we really need them?
What were our two themes from our last class?
God 's love for His people

We often forget God, but God never forgets us
So what are the Hebrews up to?
God frees them from slavery - they complain
God gives them bread and quail meat - they complain
God gives them water - they complain
The Hebrew people forget God
but God does not forget His people
God gives the Decalogue to Moses
Decalogue: the 10 Commandments
When Moses returns, he finds the Hebrews worshiping a statue they had made from all of their gold
Instructions: in your groups, answer each of the following questions
a. In your own words, what does this commandment actually mean?
b. Is this commandment related to any of the others? Which one(s)? How?
c. How is this commandment broken here at Gonzaga?
d. How is this commandment lived out here at Gonzaga?

see page 93 for the list of commandments
-So why do we even bother? Basically, what were the Hebrew people thinking?!
God frees them from slavery - they complain
God gives them bread and quail meat - they complain
God gives them water - they complain
The Ten Plagues Against Egypt
Using your Bibles, look up the passages about the Ten Plagues (Exodus 7:1 - 11:9). As you read along, make a chart answering these questions:
1. What does God instruct Moses (or Aaron) to do?
2. What is the resulting plague?
3. What is the response of Pharaoh?
Instruction from God
Resulting Plague
Response of Pharaoh
God tells Moses to meet Pharaoh by the river bank. Once there, tell Aaron to take the staff in his hand and tell the Pharaoh that God desires the people to worship him. So that he may know God is the Lord, strike the water with the staff and turn the water into blood.
The water is turned to blood
Pharaoh does not listen. He turns and goes back into his home.
Ex 7:14-19
Ex 7:20-21
Ex 7:22-24
If you finish early...
Read through Psalm78 and note the plagues listed there. Are there any similarities? If you finish this,do the same with Psalm105.
What do the Ten Plagues teach us about God?
Take 5 minutes to journal on this question. Then share your ideas with the class.
Do Now
Research the Hyksos Pharaohs using your device
Introduction to Exodus
What were the Jewish people doing in Egypt in the first place??
How did they go from free (tolerated) people to slaves?
When was Exodus written? Why do you think it was written down?
Do Now
What's the deal with Levitical Law?
Skim through the Book of Leviticus and find the most outlandish, particular or interesting rule you can find
Do Now
Let's talk context...
What is the cultural background of the Book of Leviticus?
written during the Babylonian Exile
what does it mean to be a Hebrew?
How do we stay true to ourselves?
how do we make sure we always stay true to God?
How do Catholics interpret Scripture?
The inspired Word of God
the gospel message lived and passed on through the life, worship and teaching of the Church
The teaching office of the Church; the Bishops in communion with the Pope
The Jubilee Year
Jesus, the New Moses
Do Now
Write down as many differences and similarities between Jesus and Moses as you can think of
Killing of the Children
Living in Egypt
Delivering the Law
Bread from Heaven
Ex 1:16 & Mt 2:16
Ex 2:1-4 & Mt 2:13-15
Ex 2:5-1- & Mt 2:14-15
Mt 5:3-12
Ex 33:11 & 1 Tm 2:5
Ex 16 & Jn 6:58
Nm 21:4-9
Any others?
Let's talk about
Definition 1.
Definition 2.
The condition of having the right to do, have or receive something
The feeling or belief that you deserve to get something
Why were the Hebrews complaining so much?
Do Now
The 10 Plagues
Full transcript