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Cyber Bullying

Gendered Lives Course
by

Christopher Hernandez

on 29 November 2012

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Transcript of Cyber Bullying

Cyber Bullying Gender Differences Cyber Bullying Briefing Female Cyber Bullying Male Cyber bullying Females feel more comfortable alerting the authority when they are aware that someone is being cyber bullied. (Qing Li) Males are less likely to report incidents where they are being cyber bullied because males avoid situations where they feel vulnerable. (Qing Li) Conclusion Work Cited Çidem Topcu and Özgür Erdur-Baker Affective and cognitive empathy as mediators of gender differences in cyber and traditional bullying School Psychology International October 2012 33: 550-561, doi:10.1177/0143034312446882.

http://spi.sagepub.com/content/33/5/550.full.pdf+html Qing Li Cyberbullying in Schools: A Research of Gender Differences School Psychology International May 2006 27: 157-170, doi:10.1177/0143034306064547

http://spi.sagepub.com.ezproxy.fau.edu/content/27/2/157.full.pdf+html Technology moves at a faster pace then most of us can keep up with. this creates a challenge in maintain measurements of the mediums used by those engaged in cyber bullying. Layden, Emily. "On Facebook, Bullies 'Like' If You Hate." Motherlode On Facebook Bullies Like If You Hate Comments. The New York Times, 09 Sept. 2012. Web. 25 Nov. 2012.

<http://parenting.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/09/09/on-facebook-bullies-like-if-you-hate/>. Catherine, D. M., George, E. H., Tina, L. F., & Melissa, L. R. (2012). Battle of the sexes: An examination of male and female cyber bullying. International Journal of Cyber Criminology, 6(1), 904-911. Retrieved from

http://ezproxy.fau.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/1077384333?accountid=10902 Aggressive behavior towards another person that is performed over electronic means.[Catherine, D. M., George, E. H., Tina, L. F., & Melissa, L. R. (2012)] Studies have shown aysymetrical results on cyber bullying vs traditional bullying. typically males tend to be involved in more bullying than females. However, rising research tends to prove that females are more likely to engage in cyber bullying than males. [Catherine, D. M., George, E. H., Tina, L. F., & Melissa, L. R. (2012)] Unlike typical bullying which needs to occur several times repeatedly to be considered bullying. Cyber bullying functions differently, where negative behavior can be posted virtually and passed on from individual to individual spreading and causing more damage to the victim. Catherine, D. M., George, E. H., Tina, L. F., & Melissa, L. R. (2012) In accordance to research, the participation and victim count is in much greater in middle school than in high school. Research has found a direct link between empathy and the deterrence of cyber bullying. However, other arguments have been made in reference to how empathy can also enable bullying rather than deter it. Females in general prefer bullying that is not confrontational. The concept of cyber bullying creates a more shameless environment, because they feel protected behind the computer screen. Most of the viral bullying that occurs is psychological and emotional. This is strategy that has been researched abundantly regarding females in traditional bullying. Females are more likely than males to post gossip online about others to hurt them. Catherine, D. M., George, E. H., Tina, L. F., & Melissa, L. R. (2012) Whites were more likely to participate in cyber bullying than blacks. While Internet users are statistically more likely to be Caucasian compared to any other race. Females are also more likely to be cyber stalked or sexually harassed via electronic mediums. (Qing Li) Females seen as less or more attractive than others were at the highest risk for harassment. (Qing Li) A dramatic example of cyber bullying at its worst is that of Megan Meier. Megan was a young teenager who faced emotional challenges experienced by most adolescent females. She befriended another teenager named Josh .These messages from Josh became hostile and demeaning. He told her the world would be a better place without her. As a result of Josh's behavior, Megan committed suicide as a result of these conversions and was completely unaware of the true identity of Josh. Josh was actually the middle-aged mother of a former friend of Megan, Lori Drew. (Beckstrom, 2008). Males are more physically aggressive by nature. For this same reason the level of cyber bullying has not exceeded that of traditional bullying for males. (Goddard, Connie) Goddard, Connie. "Cyber World Bullying." Education Digest 73.7 (2008): 4-9. Academic Search Premier. Web. 27 Nov. 2012.

http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?sid=d0774964-3020-4dec-bbf5-e7f395e666c4%40sessionmgr113&vid=2&hid=128&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=aph&AN=31203799 "Bullying by boys is usually proactive and often physically aggressive, while bullying by girls is more often "relational" or indirect. "Mean girls" with cell phones are more likely to comment caustically about another girl's looks or dress; boys will harass or attack someone on the playground." (Goddard, Connie) Empathy training in educational institutes has proven to aid in the prevention of cyber bullying for males. [Çidem Topcu and Özgür Erdur-Baker] Studies have shown that a preferred medium for female bullies has been cyber bullying. [Catherine, D. M., George, E. H., Tina, L. F., & Melissa, L. R. (2012)] STARKE, P., & MARSZALEK, J. (2012, Nov 12). Cyber bully mania. The Gold Coast Bulletin. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.fau.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/1150972830?accountid=10902 Social media sites have been struggling with their terms of use and privacy setting in the fight against cyber bullying. However, Facebook alone has over five hundred school managing pages dedicated to homophobic, racist and misogynist jokes and drug references. [STARKE, P., & MARSZALEK, J. (2012, Nov 12)] Contrary to previous research it has been found that the trend for cyber bullying differs that of traditional bullying. In traditional bullying more males tend to be involved. Females are involved in traditional bullying as well, but on a much smaller level. On the other hand, research has found that females are more likely to engage in cyber bullying than males because of the context that it follows. Cyber Bullying through electronic mediums enables users to feel more empowered through concealment. Empathy training is a less effective strategy against cyber bullying. [Çidem Topcu and Özgür Erdur-Baker] Training the youth for internet etiquette seems to be the coming trend in schools and may prevent allot of the damage caused cause to victims of cyber bullying. [Layden, Emily]
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