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French and Indian War
Transcript of French and Indian War
By: Evan Carter, Zachary Parsia, and Michael Adjei
Who Fought in the French and Indian War?
The French-Spanish, British-American, and the Indians (Who were mostly on France's side) fought in the French and Indian war. George Washington helped the British win the war (at the beginning of the war, he was a major).
How Did the War Start?
The French and Indian war started when the French moved into the Ohio territory. This angered the British so they started attacking the French.
What They Were Fighting For
The French and the British wanted colonial territory in North America. The French already owned much of Canada before the war started.
Major Events During the War
Montreal was claimed by Britain. Both the French and British Generals were killed during the war. More than 500,000 French troops were killed and only 50,000 British troops died.
Major Events in the War
On Septemer 14, 1758, General Braddock and 1,500 men took over Fort Duquesne. Fort Duquesne is located near Lake Erie. They were ambushed by the French. George Washington fought them. His troops surrendered to the French.
Major Events in the War
General Montcalm and 3,000 soldiers took over Fort Oswego for France and captured 1,700 British men and held them as prisoners. First, France destroyed Fort Ontario and then assaulted Fort Oswego. The British finally surrendered on August 15, 1756.
The war started in modern day Pennsylvania
The war started in 1753
It was Britain who declared war
France's expansion into the Ohio River Valley helped start the war
When and Where the War Started
Major Events in The War
In August, 1757, the French General Louis Joseph de Montcalm took over Fort William Henry. He had recruted 2,000 Indians for the seige. The British were unprepared for the battle. More than 1,500 people were killed.
Consequences of the War
The war had important consequences including the British losing a lot of money. In effect, the British leaders wanted to tax the colonists to gain money money to make up for the debt, but the colonist's disagreed and wanted to go to war. The French lost all their land east of the Mississippi.
How it Led to the American Revolution
It led to the American Revolution because the British leaders wanted the colonists to pay taxes to gain money to pay the war debt.
The Treaty of Paris (1763)
In 1763 Great Britain and France ratified the Treaty of Paris ending the French and Indian War. In the Treaty, the French surrendered all of their North American territory East of the Mississippi River except New Orleans.
How the British Won the War
At first the French and their Native American allies were winning the war. Then the British Prime Minister William Pitt realized how important winning the war was for the British empire. After that, England started putting a lot more money and resources into the war. That made the British start to win the war. The French surrendered Montreal, their last stronghold, on September 8, 1760.
Native American Tribes in the War