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Black Market Adoption around the World

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Katie Dewan

on 14 January 2013

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Transcript of Black Market Adoption around the World

Regions Affected Black Market Adoption Around the World By: Katie Dewan History on Black Market Adoption The Agencies Victims The Adopting Families White Market Adoption Black Market Adoption Gray Market Adoption Definitions - When children are sold completely for profit - Takes less time - Approved easily - adopted through an agency - can be either public or private - occurs directly between the birth and adoptive parents - usually settled with an intermediary - Black market adoption did not originate from a particular region. - It can be tracked to the United States as early as the twentieth century. - it was commonly refered to as baby farming. - A chicago baby farmer had the slogan "it's cheaper and easier to buy a baby for $100 than to have one of your own" - this appealed to couples that could not have children, but could afford it. - The Adoption and Safe Families Act 1997 required all states to record all information about the adoptions of children in the foster care system. Cambodia China Canada United States of America Guatamala Tajikistan France Vietnam International Intervention Works Cited 1.Lucas, M. (2000). Family Law Quarterly (Vol. 34, p. 553). N.p.: American Bar Association. Retrieved December 6, 2012,

From http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/25740305?uid=3739448&uid=2134&uid=2&uid=70&uid=3737720&uid=4&sid=21101462373253

2.Black Market Adoption (2012). In Adoption and Fostering Care Glossary. Retrieved December 19, 2012, from

3.Esteban, M. (2004, June 23). Guilty Plea in Adoption Fraud Case. In Komo News. Retrieved December 6, 2012, from

4.McDowell, R. (2004, March 7). Poor Cambodians Selling Babies. In The Times Union. Retrieved December 6, 2012

5.Baker, M. (2004, January 9). Jolie's adoption nightmare. In The Age. Retrieved December 6, 2012

6.Babies for sale: no warranty (2003, December 16). In The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved December 6, 2012, from

7.Guild, A. A. (2012, February 24). Baby Farming. In The Adoption History Project. Retrieved December 18, 2012, from

8.Illegal Adoption (2012). In United Nations Regional information Centre for Western Europe. Retrieved December 18,

2012, from http://www.unric.org/en/human-trafficking/27450-illegal-adoption

9.Sharma, M. (2009, February 3). Tajikistan's Baby Black Market. In Global Envision. Retrieved December 19,
2012, from http://www.globalenvision.org/2009/02/03/tajikistans-baby-black-market

10.Vietnam Jails 6 for adoption fraud (2009). In International Adoption Facts. Retrieved December 19, 2012,
From https://sites.google.com/site/internationaladoptionfacts/vietnam-jails-6-for-adoption-fraud-

11.Leland, J. (2011, September 16). For Adoptive Parents, Questions without Answers. In The New York Times. Retrieved
December 19, 2012, from http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/18/nyregion/chinas-adoption-scandal-sends-chills-through-families-in-united-states.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0

12.International Adoption Statistics (2012). In Translational Crimes in America. Retrieved December 19, 2012 - The hundreds of families that have been torn apart. - poor mothers are victimized because they cannot afford to take care of their baby. - families have also been told that their child was stillborn. - lie to families to obtain their children. - can make anywhere between $10,000- $40,000 per child. - well known child traffickers are Lauryn Galindo and her sister Lynn Devin. - these agencies face human trafficking charges if caught. - some adopting families do not even know it has happened to them. - they do not find out until they do an investigation or the birth parents come forward. - most families are not forced to give back their child. - a well known case is Angelina Jolie adopting her son Maddox. - there are various agencies working to eliminate Black Market Adoption. Such As... - The United States Attorney office - The federal Bureau of Investigation has a Division called Broken Hearts that works with the families - Countries have also banned international adoption in hopes that it will cease. - Mu Sochua of Cambodia has been working to ban international adoption permanently.
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