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Taoism

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Leanna Igreja

on 28 November 2014

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Transcript of Taoism

Taoism
Sacred Writing:
Tao Te Ching & Chuang Tzu
Origin of
Taoism

IMPORTANT
TAOIST SYMBOLS

Festivals
Huang Di
Lao Tzu
Chuang Tzu
Tai Chi
Feng Shui
The art and science of how to balance the energies of any given space to assure health and good fortune for the people inhabiting it
The Way of the Celestial Masters
The Yellow Turban Rebellion
34- 156 CE
184 CE
369-286 BCE
2715 B.C.E.
"Li Erh"
Tao Te Ching:
short collection of wise verses that encapsulated the heart of the "way".
YIN

&
YANG
:
THE TAIJITU
Chuang Tzu:
collection of stories written in prose form. Teaches Tao in a perspective in active, everyday life.
LUO PAN
COMPASS
FIVE
ELEMENT
CHART
BA GUA
NEI JING TU
Acupuncture
Beliefs
Groups and Institutions
"Tao"
depicts Taoism as a
"dance of opposites"
black and white halves represent the earliest masculine and feminine energies
smaller circles remind us that all of relative existence is constantly transforming
1st ring:
pre-heaven Ba Gua
2nd ring:
post-heaven Ba Gua
3rd ring:
“24 Mountains”
Outermost ring:
the I Ching portent readings of the 64 hexagrams

"Five Phases"

or
"Five Transformations"
help us experience health and prosperity when they are in harmony
bring us illness of one sort or the other when there is an interference in the harmony
combinations of the Supreme Yang, Lesser Yang, Supreme Yin, and Lesser Yin
known as the
“Eight Symbols”

or
“Eight Trigrams"
arranges into the
pre-heaven Ba Gua

(heavy influences) and the
post-heaven Ba Gua
(earthly influences)
Ancient form of Chinese medicine whereby needles are inserted into the skin at specific points in the body to achieve a therapeutic effect.
the Taoist diagram of the internal circulation within humans
represents the transformations that occur within the bodies of those who practice Inner Alchemy
Inner Alchemy
is the Taoist art and science of gathering, storing and circulating energies of the human body
Emperor of China
received the secret of "tao"
created harmony with himself and then with his kingdom
"Yellow Emperor"
Meditative exercise involving a series of slow, graceful movements which encourage a calm mind and circulation of chi in the body.
Taoism: Religion or Philosophy?
Religion
Philosophy
The Three Pure Ones
Yuan Shi
Ling Bao
Deities
They are the first deities
They are also called as Three Divine Teachers, the Three Clarities, or the Three Purities
Queen Mother of the West
Death & Afterlife
circa 1700 painting of a Taoist altar during a ritual for the dead
The Three Jewels
Compassion
Simplicity
Patience
Huang Lao school is
established
the teaching of "Wu Wei"
China was mainly polytheistic and many people clung to
Chinese folk religions and Buddhism
Jade Emperor
King of the deities
Lao Tzu's "most beautiful teachings".
Key ethical virtues of the Taoist tradition.
Shift from
Philosophy to Religion
Zhang Daoling
"The Way"
There is no single definition for Tao
Beginning of the universe
It signifies the way or the code of behaviour
Tao
balance between opposing forces
ultimate reality
"wu wei"
Meditation and Diet
connecting our bodies to nature
channeling inner spiritual energy
longevity and good health
moral teachings on how to live life
Quotes of Lao Tzu
Taoist gods
They are immortal supernatural beings
Helped taoists to spread their belief easily and rapidly
The Jade Emperor
(Image: Source unknown)
Dao De
Death is part of a natural cycle
Taoism does not have concept of afterlife
A Person is eternal in their own life.
places of worship
temples
daoshi
rituals
sacred scriptures:
Zhuangzi, Daodejing
Yi Jing
supernatural: dieties, immortals
604-c. 532 approx.
Fourth Century BCE
The International Taoist Tai Chi Society
Founded by Moy Lin-shin
started teaching Tai Chi in Canada from 1970
The International Centre is in Orangville, Ontario
Currently exists in 26 countries all around the world
"wu wei"
England
Denmark
Costa Rica
26 countries associated with Tai Chi Society
Mexico
and so on....
What they do...
Great River Taoist Centre, Russia
Center of Traditional Taoist Studies, England
Federation Of Taoist Associations Malaysia
Other Groups & Institutions
(Examples)
THANK YOU FOR LISTENING!
believed to be the highest goddess in Taoism.
Wangmu Niangniang
he controls all gods from the Buddhist and Taoist and other religions.
worshipped by ordinary Chinese people throughout all China.
god of happiness and longevity
Wangmu Niangniang
"If you want to lead people, go after them"
Three Treasures
"nature does not hurry, yet everything is accomplished"
"Living in harmony with Yin and Yang, more is accomplished with less effort."
Tao Te Ching
....
Believed as wife of the Jade Emperor
written by "Lao Tzu"
2500 years ago
Consists of 81 chapters (37 Book of tao and 44 Book of te)
Written in verse
teaches to tap in to the power of nature and to think with a clear mind
Wu Wei
(not acting):planets revolving around the sun
Advice to kings to paradoxes about life




Communist Takeover
1949 (WW2)
war between nationalistic government and Communist rebels.
People's republic is established
They viewed religion as outdated, was perceived as a threat to state
"When people see things as beautiful,
ugliness is created.
When people see things as good,
evil is created.
Being and non-being produce each other.
Difficult and easy complement each other.
Long and short define each other.
High and low oppose each other.
Fore and aft follow each other."
-Tao Te Ching [2]
HOW TO TAKE AN ACCURATE COMPASS READING
Hold your compass at waist level
Remove of all jewelery on hands and wrists
Remove metal belt buckles
Stand at least 3-5 feet from your property
Position your back square to the property
Stand away from cars or large metal objects
Take at least 3 readings from different parts of the property


Tan Lang Tai Xing Jun
The Nine Emperor Stars
Ju Men Yuan Xing Jun
Lu Cun Zhen Xing
Wen Qu Niu Xing Jun
Lian Zhen Gang Xing Jun
Wu Qu Ji Xing Jun
Po Jun Guan Xing Jun
Zuo Fu Da Dao Xing Jun
You Bi Da Dao Xing Jun
Mao Zedong
Chang Chiao
Chuang Tzu
Written by "Chuang Tzu"
Used to bring Taoism to common people
Written in prose
Focuses on uniting with tao by abandoning the conventions of society
teaches that all things are united through nature
Holy Places: Temples
mountains are sacred, believed that deities and immortals dwell there
place of Taoist temples and activity
temples incorporate Buddhism and Confucianism
Chinese Taoist temples called
gong
or
guan
Three types of temples:
Palace-like, simple hut and
ordinary temple
Differences between Taoist and Buddhist Temples
Full transcript