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Stem Cell Research

AP English Stem Cell Research Project
by

Alex Green

on 1 September 2012

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Transcript of Stem Cell Research

These multipotent stem cells are derived from babies' umbilical cords. Forms of Stem Cell Research What are stem cells? Alex Green Bailey Newman Jordan Lynch Max Simmons PRESENTED BY. . . . Stem Cell Research Pros of Stem Cell Research Cons of Stem Cell Research Misconceptions Induced Pluripotent Embryonic References Case Study adult stem cells inserted with genes responsible for embryonic pluripotency
rewinds their developmental clock and gives them embryonic-like powers to morph into heart, cardiac and other tissue types. Embryonic
Stem Cell Research
Controversy On August 9, 2001, President Bush blocked government spending for embyronic stem cell research, but on March 9, 2009, President Obama reversed that decision, allowing for vigorous government support of stem cell research. These cells are harvested in the early fetal stage
characteristic of pluripotency Somatic-Cell Nuclear Transfer egg cells injected with genetic material from an adult cell. (Svoboda) (Svoboda) (Svoboda) Cord-Blood Stem Cells (Svoboda) 1. Scientists must destroy the embryo
in order to obtain stem cells. (Misconceptions) Scientists have actually discovered ways to acquire stem cells from embryos without destroying it. It is possible to get stem cells from a born person that have the same characteristics as the embryonic stem cells. (Misconceptions) 2. Therapeutic cloning for the purpose of developing a donor organ does not involve the creation of human embryos. (Common Myths and Misconceptions) Therapeutic cloning does require the creation of a blastocyst, which is considered by some to be a human embryo. (Common Myths and Misconceptions) Reality Reality 3. The study of embryonic stem cells it the most productive. Reality Embryonic stem cells have not yet been used for even one therapy, while adult stem cells have already been successfully used in numerous patients (Lillge) (Lillge) 4, Embryonic stem cells are no longer needed due
to advancements in induced-pluripotent stem cell research. Reality (Wanjek) Research on embryonic stem cells is at least needed to understand what induced-pluripotent stem cells lack. (Wanjek) 5. Cures are nearly available from embryonic stem cell research. (Misconceptions) Reality Thus far, the cures have only come from adult stem cells,
and there is still much research that needs to be
conducted before cures can be proven. (Misconceptions) The possibility of dead cells of almost any kind, no matter the type of injury or disease, being replaced with new healthy cells Examples of Use
repairing damaged brain cells
replacing cells destroyed by radiation and chemotherapy (Pros and Cons of Stem Cell Research) (Pros and Cons of Stem Cell Research) billions of dollars are being
poured into this research embryonic stem cell research
requires the destruction of an
embryo to receive the stem cells This is viewed as murder
to those who believe life
begins at conception. (Pros and Cons of Stem Cell Research) (Pros and Cons of Stem Cell Research) Three Primary Categories that Stem Cells Differentiate Into: Ectoderm Endoderm Mesoderm skin and nervous system gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts,
endocrine glands, liver, and pancreas bone, cartilage, most of the
circulatory system, muscles,
connective tissue, and more (Pluripotent Stem Cells 101) Stem cells are cells with the characteristic of pluripotency, which is the ability of cells to develop into any kind of cell that has a specific function.

Stem cells divide constantly. They will continue to do so until a chemical signal tells them to differentiate into a specific type of cell. (Saey) Presidential Decisions (Phil B.) (Stem Cell Research) Possible Negative Side Effects: brain tumors
spinal cord tumors (Murnaghan) Religious orthodoxy
regards an embryo as life. Others believe the possibilities
of medical breakthroughs
are paramount. (Reaves) Public Opinion A recent survey performed in 2010
found that seventy-two percent of
surveyed adults found embryonic stem
cell research acceptable. (Embryonic Stem Cell Research
Receives Widespread Support
from Americans) A boy underwent
foetal stem cell therapy growths in his brain and
spinal cord were found
approximately four years
after his treament the boy suffered from Ataxia Telangiectasia,
a disease that causes a weakened immune
system and respiratory system it is unkown if this disease had
an effect on the outcome of
this trial (Murnaghan) (Murnaghan) (Murnaghan) induced-pluripotency stem cells have
a high risk of becoming cancerous (Barry) Stem cells can differentiate into any one of the body’s 300 different cell types. (Brownlee) Example of Possible Cure Parkinson's Disease (Excitement about Stem Cells) (Green, Newman, Lynch, Simmons) (Green, Newman, Lynch, Simmons) (Morton) (Stem Cell Research in NYS) (Benefits of Stem Cell Research) "All about Stem Cells and How They Are Obtained | Health Enriched." Health Enriched | Health Tips for a Fast-paced World. 23 July 2011. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://healthenriched.net/science-articles/all-about-stem-cells-and-how-they-are-obtained.html>.
Barry, Patrick. Potent Promise: Back to the Womb 174.6 (2008): 16-21. EBSCOhost. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=10&hid=125&sid=f30dd2f5-6c93-4f71-9291-b583c275cfc7%40sessionmgr110&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=f5h&AN=34282351>.
"Benefits of Stem Cell Research | Benefits of Embryonic Stem Cell Research | Stem Cell Research Benefits | Cord Blood Banking." Cord Blood Banking - Registry | Pros and Cons | Donation in America. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://ecordbloodbanking.com/benefits-of-stem-cell-research/>.
Brownlee, Christen. FULL STEM AHEAD 167.`4 (2005): 218-20. EBSCOhost. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=6&hid=125&sid=f30dd2f5-6c93-4f71-9291-b583c275cfc7%40sessionmgr110&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=f5h&AN=16620154>.
"The Controversy over Stem Cell Research « Phil for Humanity." Phil for Humanity. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://www.philforhumanity.com/Stem_Cells.html>. "The Court of Appeals Green Lights Stem Cell Research." Reporters Live! 29 Sept. 2010. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://www.reporterslive.com/872-the-court-of-appeals-green-lights-stem-cell-research.html>.
Danielson, Michael. "Research Money Can Be Used For Embryonic Stem Cell Research." Whybuyanewspaper.com. 31 July 2011. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://www.whybuyanewspaper.com/health/research-money-can-be-used-for-embryonic-stem-cell-research/4211182/>.
"Embryonic Stem Cell Research Receives Widespread Support from Americans." HarrisInteractive.com. 07 Oct. 2010. Web. 1 Dec. 2011. <http://www.harrisinteractive.com/NewsRoom/HarrisPolls/tabid/447/mid/1508/articleId/579/ctl/ReadCustom%20Default/Default.aspx>. Green, Alex, Bailey Newman, Jordan Lynch, and Max Simmons. Position on Embryonic Stem Cell Research. 01 Dec. 2011. Raw data. Lincoln Christian School, Tulsa.
Green, Alex, Bailey Newman, Jordan Lynch, and Max Simmons. Should Stem Cell Research Be Funded. 1 Dec. 2011. Raw data. Lincoln Christian School, Tulsa.
Hyde, Margaret O. EXCITEMENT ABOUT STEM CELLS (2001): 64. EBSCOhost. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=8&hid=125&sid=f30dd2f5-6c93-4f71-9291-b583c275cfc7%40sessionmgr110&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=hxh&AN=8821262>.
Lillge, M.D., Wolfgang. "The Case for Adult Stem Cell Research." 21st Century Home Page. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://www.21stcenturysciencetech.com/articles/winter01/stem_cell.html>. "Microscopic Neuron Stem Cell Brochure Picture." Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://www.google.com/imgres?q=stem+cell+research+picture&um=1&hl=en&rlz=1W1ADRA_enUS354&biw=1120&bih=549&tbm=isch&tbnid=xQQxtTx-1Skc5M:&imgrefurl=http://www.waisman.wisc.edu/scrp/about.html&docid=A7wUSdG-LHjrMM&imgurl=http://www.waisman.wisc.edu/scrp/Zhang_neural_stem_cells04.jpg&w=1200&h=900&ei=2VvYTq2-G83uggf90qSCDw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=97&vpy=206&dur=2589&hovh=194&hovw=259&tx=198&ty=133&sig=106930959004697357724&page=13&tbnh=139&tbnw=177&start=181&ndsp=10&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:181>.
"MISCONCEPTIONS." Crusade for Life Home. Life Priority Network. Web. 1 Dec. 2011. <http://www.crusadeforlife.org/misconceptions.htm>. Morton, Emma. "Baby Daniel Aspinall Can Regrow Body Parts If He Falls Ill in Future | The Sun |News." The Sun | The Best for News, Sport, Showbiz, Celebrities | The Sun. 04 Nov. 2009. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/news/2712405/Baby-Daniel-Aspinall-can-regrow-body-parts-if-he-falls-ill-in-future.html>.
Murnaghan, Ian. "A Rare Side Effects of Stem Cell Therapy: A Case Study - Explore Stem Cells." Understanding Stem Cell Research and Treatments at Explore Stem Cells (UK). 29 Mar. 2010. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://www.explorestemcells.co.uk/rare-side-effects-stem-cell-therapy.html>.
"Pluripotent Stem Cells 101 | Children's Hospital Boston." Stem Cell Research | Children's Hospital Boston. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://stemcell.childrenshospital.org/about-stem-cells/pluripotent-stem-cells-101/>. "Pros And Cons Of Stem Cell Research." Popular Issues - AllAboutPopularIssues.org. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://www.allaboutpopularissues.org/pros-and-cons-of-stem-cell-research.htm>.
"Real Science Marches Forward While Darwinists Look Back." Radaractive. 24 May 2011. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://radaractive.blogspot.com/2011/05/real-science-marches-forward-while.html>.
Reaves, Jessica. "The Great Debate Over Stem Cell Research - TIME." TIME.com. 11 July 2011. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,167245,00.html>.
Saey, Tina H. Potent Promise: Essential Stemness 174.6 (2008): 16-25. EBSCOhost. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=4&hid=125&sid=f30dd2f5-6c93-4f71-9291-b583c275cfc7%40sessionmgr110&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=f5h&AN=34282350>. "Stem Cell Brochure Title Picture." Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://www.google.com/imgres?q=stem+cell+research&um=1&hl=en&sa=N&rlz=1W1ADRA_enUS354&biw=1120&bih=549&tbm=isch&tbnid=ENIZ0KW2v1IS5M:&imgrefurl=http://acatholicview.blogspot.com/2010/12/doctors-say-adult-stem-cell-research.html&docid=c3pxXjKvegRLjM&imgurl=http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_xXturM7oixg/TQj2D7IbwvI/AAAAAAAAHT8/EbNXkMIKlcQ/s1600/stem%252Bcell.jpg&w=640&h=480&ei=QFvYToemMcOdgQfOtPDtDg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=101&vpy=177&dur=2068&hovh=194&hovw=259&tx=170&ty=152&sig=106930959004697357724&page=17&tbnh=154&tbnw=184&start=159&ndsp=10&ved=1t:429,r:5,s:159>.
"Stem Cell Research in NYS." NYSTEM New York State Stem Cell Science ESSC Board. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://stemcell.ny.gov/publications_stem_cell_research_in_nys.html>.
"Stem Cell Research: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia." National Library of Medicine - National Institutes of Health. National Institutes of Health. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/007120.htm>. "Stem Cell Research: Two Steps Forward, One Step Back | Health | The Earth Times." Environmental Issues | Environment News | Green Blogs | Earth Times. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://www.earthtimes.org/health/stem-cell-research-two-steps-forward-step-back/846/>
Svoboda, Elizabeth. THE ESSENTIAL Guide to Stem Cells 274.6 (2009): 60-66. EBSCOhost. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=12&hid=125&sid=f30dd2f5-6c93-4f71-9291-b583c275cfc7%40sessionmgr110&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=f5h&AN=39363877>. Erroneous Material
"Common Myths and Misconceptions." Stem Cells: A Look Inside. Web. 1 Dec. 2011. <http://library.thinkquest.org/04oct/00053/wo_misconceptions.html>.
"Stem Cell." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stem_cell>.
"An Overview of Stem Cell Research | The Center for Bioethics & Human Dignity." Home | The Center for Bioethics & Human Dignity. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://cbhd.org/stem-cell-research/overview>.
Wanjek, Christopher. "Embryonic Stem Cells: 5 Misconceptions | LiveScience." Current News on Space, Animals, Technology, Health, Environment, Culture and History | LiveScience. 17 Mar. 2009. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://www.livescience.com/3396-embryonic-stem-cells-5-misconceptions.html>.
"What Are Some of the Misconceptions That People Have About Stem Cell Research." Health Questions and Answers. Web. 01 Dec. 2011. <http://www.feelanswers.com/medicine/medicine_4722.html>. These cells are not as versatile as embryonic or induce pluripotent adult cells. THE END
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