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The Three Great Philosophers
Transcript of The Three Great Philosophers
Period 8 He created a new way to approach knowledge. Socrates was a big-city philosopher from Ancient Athens who was born as the son of a sculptor. He stated that the soul has the conception of both walking consciousness and moral character. He also believed that, in a sense, that the universe is purposely mind-ordered. "The unexamined life is not worth living." First with Socrates! Socrates was eventually accused for corrupting Greece's youth. However, his only real "crime" was embarrassing certain important people. But Eventually, Socrates received the death sentence after all his caused anger and irritation. (469-399 B.C.) He died as a very wise man. An oracle at Delphi pronounced Socrates as the wisest man in Greece. In fact, he is actually the main source of western thought. Now Plato! (: He was an aristocratic philosopher born into a wealthy family with plenty of money and had a goal physique. Many of his writings set the foundation for western philosophy. His real name was Aristocles, but was referred to as Plato because of his broad shoulders. Plato was also a very experienced wrestler and won two prizes as a champion wrestler. Plato was also a talented student of Socrates and wrote famous dialogues, some featuring his teacher Socrates verbally grappling opponents. He believed in pre-existence and the immortality of the soul. Stating that life is nothing more than the imprisonment of the soul in the body. Plato's most famous work, "The Republic," expressed the thought that a philosopher should be king. Back then it was very shocking for that to ever happen. Plato may have even traveled to Italy, Sicily, Egypt, and Cyrene throughout his life. Then finally returned to Athens at age 40. Plato tried to welcome back the restoration of democracy. But he eventually died in 347 B.C. Plato-derived fable that says souls gather in one spot to await dying out of the Ideal world, and being born into ours. "Love is a serious mental disease." Last but not least,
Aristotle :D "All human actions have one or more of these seven causes: chance, nature, compulsions, habit, reason, passion, desire." He started a philosophical school at 50 years old called, The Lyceum.
Also produced nearly a thousand books and pamphlets throughout his life, but only a few survived. He was also called a "peripatetic" philosopher, which meant he liked to walk around while lecturing his students. As the founder of logical theory, Aristotle believed the greatest human endeavor is the use of reason in theoretical activity(using your common sense). "Happiness is key to life." Basically, Socrates' viewpoints were reflected off of how we should act, think, and see. Basically, Aristotle generally focused directly on politics, society, and communication. Aristotle also had a best known concept of, "The Golden Mean," which meant for people to have a moderation and balance in all things. Since Socrates passed down ideas and theories to Plato(even though Plato didn't agree with Socrates' ideas) and Plato passed down ideas to Aristotle, Aristotle finally passed it all the way down to Alexander the Great.
This helped the formation of Hellenistic culture with the mixture of Egyptian, Persian, Indian cultures, and the ideas of former philosophers. He was also a critic of the Sophists and closely observed the government. Philosophy helps us to reason
- It offers us knowledge
- It helps lead to many great achievements (creation of logic, computers, and natural knowledge)
- It helps us live a better and improved life
- It helps us identify deception (propaganda)
-It helps us identify the history of thought
-It makes us more creative Questioning Peripatetic=To walk around Plato basically worked around the points of ethics, duty, and metaphysics. The questions usually were asked to people of higher status, and Socrates ended up humiliating them. Socrates liked to ask many questions to show that people hold contradictory opinions, which led to the Socratic Method of Teaching. Example of Socratic Method of Teaching