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GOLD RUSH AUSTRALIA
Transcript of GOLD RUSH AUSTRALIA
Australia's gold rush was a start of a revolution, and the beginning of Australian democracy.
Gold was found all over Australia, but main places in Australia where gold was mined were NSW and Victoria.
Edward Hargraves found gold on the 12th of February in 1851 at Summerhill creek, NSW. Later he named it Ophir.
The Australian gold rush has helped shape Australia in to the country it is today. It started Australia's well known multiculturalism, and was the start of Australian democracy.
Gold Rush Australia
By Helena, Minduli and Yuki 6T
LIFE ON THE GOLD FIELDS
News about gold spread quickly, and prices for tools and mining equipment were raised. Prospectors either rented a horse, or packed possessions
in a wheelbarrow and walked
to the gold fields.
When the news about gold
came about in China, lots of
the country were suffering from famine. To raise money to get to Australia they would ask for a loan from a local trader, and if they were unable to pay, the family would work for the trader.
Life on the goldfields was extremely tough for prospectors, and Australian climates and conditions just added to the brutality.
Eureka Stockade was an Australian rebellion and the start of democracy in Australia.
RACISM ON THE GOLD FIELDS
There was a lot
of conflict on the
gold fields between Europeans and the Chinese, so much that laws and taxes were put into place!
Life on the Goldfields:
Racism on the Gold Fields:
At first, the prospectors
lived in tents, soon after, huts were built.
Eventually, more buildings were built
for stores and resources.
There was violence on the gold
fields, as all of the miners had the same goal. Most of the fights were about claim jumping, where people steal each others land in which they are mining and have paid for.
One of the main problems on the gold fields was
licenses. Troops would check for them several
times a day, and often bashed and disrespected
miners. The hate against the government
and licenses built, leading to the
Chinese could endure Australia's hot conditions and were more hard working than the Europeans.They would revisit old European claims and find leftover
gold. This mad the Europeans very jealous and their ignorance about Chinese culture turned that jealousy into resentment.
Racial attacks and bashings
occurred and the hate became
so strong, in 1885, the government passed a law so you Chinese immigrants had to pay multiple taxes and fees if they landed in Victorian docks. Instead they landed in South Australia and walked all the way to the fields.
Food had to be brought in
carts so food wasn't cheap.
The fields were unsanitary so sickness spread easily, soon the
food was unhealthy as it carried germs. instead of eating, miners turned to alcohol. The harsh climate and humidity also made alot of men resort to alcohol.
Some of the Chinese immigrants
went back to China and the rest stayed,
starting Asian multiculturalism in Australia.
Life was hard on the gold fields, miners would wake early, and cook with whatever supplies that they had, then start the harsh work of mining for nearly the entire day in the hot Australian. Also the police troopers would constantly disrespect the miners and check the license constantly.
In Ballarat things turned critical when a man (friends with the police) murdered a miner, but the charges were dropped without a trial. A mob of miners burnt down the hotel where the murder took place. Three were arrested for arson. On the 11th of November 1854, miners met and demanded the three miners should be released, the license system should be dropped and every miner should be able to vote.
At the next major meeting, on the 29th of November 1854, the miners revealed their flag. A blue flag with a cross, and stars representing the Southern Cross. At the meeting, they had a public burning of licenses
Then, on the 30th of
November, they had another
mass burning of licenses. Peter
Lalor, elected leader, led miners to the Eureka diggings, built a fort and named it the Eureka Stockade. The stockade was built of wood, and 1000 rebels swore on the oath, under their flag.
At dawn on the 3rd of
December, the police attacked
the stockade. The police outnumbered the
miners by a tremendous amount, and the
the battle only lasted about 20 minutes.
About 22 miners and 5 troopers were
killed. Peter Lalor was wounded and went into
hiding. 13 miners were charged with treason, but
were set free.
In 1855, it was announced that the government had recognized the miners requests, and they were met with a miners right. All miners were allowed to vote and other laws were put in place based of the miners desires.
Gold was soon discovered in Sofala, NSW and Hill End. These discoveries including Ophir, created the centre of the Nsw gold rush.
In 1872 at Hill End, they
found the largest specimen
of gold. The nugget was named after the mine manager, Bernard Otto Holterman. They named it the Holterman's nugget.
Between 21 and 24 of August
James Reagon and John Dunlop camped on on a creek in Ballarat. There they discovered what was to one of the richest goldfields in the
Word about Mt Alexander spread quickly, and it became one of the largest gold rushes in Australia.The Castlemain becamethe richest alluvial gold fields. By mid November 1851 1899.4 kg was found there.
IN October 1851, Henry Frenchman spotted two women filling cans with gold at Bendigo creek. He told his party to Forest creek to report it and that started the rush to Bendigo.
A major goldfield still used today, is in Western Australia, Kalgoorlie. It was discovered by Patrick Hannan.