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Mater Et Magistra
Transcript of Mater Et Magistra
MAGISTRA Pope from Oct. 28, 1958 to June 3, 1968 POPE JOHN XXIII THE WORLD WAS CHANGING An encyclical that explores the role the Church in efforts to acheive social progress and justice in the world. Since the writings on economics by previous Popes, the world had seen tremendous changes such as the discovery of nuclear energy, advanced communications, and political independence movements. Pope John XXIII wrote the encyclical
and promulgated it on May 15, 1961 Cover of the
of the encyclical
MATER ET MAGISTRA IN DECADES OF CATASTROPHIES AND DISCOVERIES THE GREAT DEPRESSION WORLD WAR II DECOLONIZATION SPACE AGE COLD WAR INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENTS POVERTY ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATIONS AGRICULTURAL REFORM THE UNITED NATIONS COMMUNISM ATOMIC ENERGY The world had changed considerably in the previous 30 years both politically and economically. The Great Depression and World War II had ended, the cold war had begun, and technology allowed for increased productivity, but vast poverty remained across the globe. The Church’s role has long been to teach while guiding individuals and nations toward salvation. Her main concern care for her followers, but the Church is also concerned with the livelihood, education, and wellbeing of humanity. Just as Jesus’ primary mission was humankind’s eternal salvation, He too fed the hungry and was concerned for worldly needs. MATER ET MAGISTRA begins by praising three earlier papal documents on social topics and summarizing their key points RERUM NOVARUM Pope John summarized the main points of Rerum Novarum as work, private property, the role of the state, right of association, and human solidarity. Pope John summarized the main message of Quadragesimo Anno, as two key points:
Charity, not self-interest, should be “the supreme criterion in economic matters.”
It is the responsibility of humankind to create a national and international order that promotes social justice, “in which all economic activity can be conducted not merely for private gain but also in the interests of the common good.” Pope John reiterated its message on subjects of the right use of material goods, work, and family QUADRAGESIMO ANNO POPE PIUS XII'S
RADIO MESSAGE A BALANCE IN COMMON GOOD The common good is a desirable balance between different elements of society and the economy Development and progress in the industrial, service, and agricultural sectors must balance. Individual freedom and initiative must balance with the support of the government, including appropriate public ownership of property Economic progress should balance with social progress The Pope urged that measures be taken to restore balance between the agricultural sector and industry FOCUS ON AGRICULTURE POPE JOHN SUGGESTED TO -Develop better infrastructures. -Ensure that farms modernize as fast as industry. -Trace people who leave farms due to modernization, and ensure they receive support from the government. -Consider the needs of the farmers. -Ensure that farmers get the same social securities as all others. -Provide a means of device protection. -Establishing industries focusing on farm products in agricultural regions. -Self-advancement of the farming community. INTERNATIONAL HELP Pope John commended wealthier nations to give humanitarian assistance to the developing countries. It is required by “justice and humanity” to share surplus food and other goods with other nations in need. He suggested that they should provide the poorer nations with ample resources and training to lead them to proper governance and a stable future. However, he also said that they do it "disinterestedly", without the aim of harming their culture or gaining political control over the nation. IN CONCLUSION MATER ET MAGISTRA urges the people to do good unto others. It asks for the people and the church to support each other despite their social differences and the condition of the changing society they live in. Everyone should work as an authentic community despite the modernization of the world in order to promote human dignity. ONCE AGAIN... Mater et Magistra was written by Pope John XXIII. It was promulgated on May 15, 1961. The title means "mother and teacher" referring to the role of the church. It talks about the tasks of the state to support its
people in terms of its economy and society. It clarifies a balance in common good, a focus on agriculture and international support. THE END :) TECHNOLOGY WHAT IS THE
MATER ET MAGISTRA? WHO WROTE IT? WHY WAS IT WRITTEN? WHAT ARE IT'S MAIN POINTS? WHAT'S INSIDE IT? TRANSLATION? The title MATER ET MAGISTRA, which is in Latin, means "mother and teacher" referring to the role of the church. Mater et Magistra was written in observance of the 70th anniversary of Pope Leo XIII's encyclical Rerum Novarum. It also refers to the social teaching of Pope Pius XI in Quadragesimo Anno, and of Pope Pius XII in a radio broadcast given 1 June 1941. THE END :)