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The War in Vietnam

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Caryn D

on 26 April 2010

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Transcript of The War in Vietnam

The war in Vietnam Impacts: Americans' culture and feelings about their country
Loss of lives Feeings that America was no longer invincible and superior Two sides:
pro-war hawks
anti-war doves most unpopular war of the 20th century Large divisions of opinion among Americans questions: was it a necessary war, or a mistake America's part? was America too idealistic? was it a good cause? did civilians force the war and fail to give the military clear goals and a means to achieve them? Background: The War: Events anti-war demonstrations commonplace first war lost by American forces Timeline: March 29, 1973:
last US troops
leave Vietnam 1965:
US enters war
in Vietnam 1945:
WWII ends when
Japan surrenders April 30, 1975: Vietnam War
officially ends when Saigon is captured by North Vietnamese military The Communist
north begins working to take over Republic
south Ho Chi Minh
creates Communist regime in north
Vietnam Republic Of Vietnam is formed US begin to fear
Ho Chi Minh's
progress and the spread of Communism The struggle is not over yet... Althoug WWII was over,
some people like Ho Chi
Minh saw opportunity for power After WWII he declared Vietnam's independence and then created a communist regime in north Vietnam
South Vietnam creates the Republic of Vietnam Tensions & US debates:
enter into the conflict or not? Conflict escalates as north began working to take over the south Possible domino effect leading to a greater conflict might end up starting a World War III Uncertainties Americans fear further spread of Communism Where is Vietnam? September 26, 1959: Vietnam war begins Guerilla? caused lots of fear in US troops
the enemy could be hiding anywhere at any time Lyndon B Johnson doesn't run for second term:
Unsure if US will be able to win Nixon wins next election North Vietnamese fighting tactic Utilized surprise:
Ambushes
Raids
Traps Flamethrower was a very deadly & effective weapon US committed many resources to the war but were unwilling to go on an offensive 2.6 billion in financial support to south Vietnam in anti-colonial war against France Defensive strategy:
"Containment" War loses public support Democrats wanted defeat to humiliate President Nixon 1973: Case-Church Amendment brings US out of the war Communist victory in 1975 55,000 US dead Is it worth the effort and the cost of our lives? 1956: Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam's independence Laos and cambodia recieve independence that same year November 5, 1968:
Richard Nixon is elected President Who? United States and South Vietnamese soldiers VS. Soviet and China backed North Vietnamese soldiers and Communist Geurillas (the Viet Cong) 3 million US soldiers sent for an uncertain cause Endgame: Key Points BIBLIOGRAPHY: The Cold War: An illustrated History http://www.vietnampix.com/intro.htm wikipedia.com encyclopedia-britannica-eb.com www.historyplace.com/u.s/vietnam http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/modules/vietnam/index.cfm Ho Chi Minh trail:
North Vietnamese supply line Khe Sanh:
US Strategic Marine Corps base
Went under siege by Viet Cong
Operation Niagra: US air supply drop of 18000 tons to base
Military victory for US
Psychological victory for Viet Cong
January 21, 1968: battle of Khe Sanh
begins 1968: Tet Offensive Febuary 7, 1968: Lang Vei overrun November 1963: South Vietnamese President Diem overthrown and executed Tet Offensive September 14, 1966: Operation Attleboro begins January 8, 1967: Operation Cedar Falls begins Febuary 22-March 18, 1969:
US secret bombing of Cambodia November 16, 1969:
250,000 war protesters march on Washington DC Lang Vei:
US Special Forces Camp
Overrun Saigon temporarily occupied Operation Attleboro:
Offensive northwest of Dau Tieng on a North Vietnamese camp
Large weapon cache discovered Operation Cedar Falls:
After success of Operation Attleboro
750 Viet Cong killed
Another cache is discovered http://www.historycentral.com/Vietnam/events.html largest anti-war demonstration begins when 250,000 US citizens march on Washington DC Secret Bombing of Cambodia:
Under Nixon
Heightend opposition to war Deaths:
US/Korea/Austrailia-
1,536
South Vietnam-
2,788
NVN/VC-
45,000
Civilian-
14,000
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