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Transcript of Global Schooling
known for technological innovation
tied to their ability to produce students
who are strong in math
can this system benefit the U.S.???
seek homogeneity (mono-ethnic population)
rigid rule sets
school structure attempts to dictate social behavior (social efficiency)
appearances are even regulated
school year starts in april (ends in march)
classroom teachers will likely teach all subjects
rigid structure (created a lack of trust)
lessons emphasize developing skills and discovering concepts (math) instead of content
it is important to make math an integral part of everyday life (similar to literacy in US)
becoming more individualistic in spite of the school structure
high stakes testing can be just as impactful...if not more
could it help in the u.s.?
operate under a national curriculum
each school is regularly inspected for educational quality
grammar schools are highly stratified (tracking)
must provide religious and sex education
curriculum is broken up into key stages
KS1 5 – 7 years old
KS2 7 – 11 years old
KS3 11 – 14 years old
KS4 14 – 16 years old
At KS1 and 2 Children study English, Mathematics, Science, Information Technology, History, Geography, Art, Music and Physical Education (PE), citizenship.
At KS3 Children study the same subjects as at KS1 and “ plus a modern foreign language and citizenship.
At KS 4 Children study English, Mathematics, Science, PE, Information Technology. Additionally, other subjects may be studies from choice.
'yutori schooling' (1977-)
meant to loosen the traditional constraints
less rote and drill
more electives (h.s.)
looser grading policies
meant to alleviate truancy, suicides, and bullying
promote more creativity and independence
parental response to new structure
'yutori education' blamed for declining skills in college students
1988 education reform act
instituted a national curriculum
created grant maintained schools
2002 education act
mostly aimed at secondary schools
modernization of schools
provisions for funding of faith based schools
k-12 (junior-k in Ontario)
Students in most provinces must attend school until 16 or 18
90% of canadians have a high school diploma
high school courses are often offered to adults without diplomas in night classes or adult schools
recent educational initiatives include:
visits from local tribal elders
tours of local native areas
college follows high school
colleges are generally 2-3 years (similar to community colleges here)
they then move on to a full university or a professional program
Most schools receive a portion of their funding through the government
private schools exist in canada but had been outlawed in some areas
truth and reconciliation program
common experience payment ($5 Billion)
section 23 of canadian charter of rights and freedoms:
constitutionally promises that french (or english) speaking/taught minorities had the right to continue their education in that language (provided there are enough students with that need)
what struck you?
2008 Education and Skills Act
raised compulsory age to 18
Action Plan for Improving Academic Ability (2011-)
a reaction to diminishing test scores and academic literacy
enables schools to keep some prior reforms
refocuses on core subjects and rigor
originally based on european models (post-isolation)
restructured after the american education system post wwII
*6 years elementary-*3 years junior high-3 years of high school-4 years at university
one of the most educated countries
99% literacy rate
100% enrollment in compulsory grades (96% in high school)
2+% dropout rate (has been increasing in recent years)