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Los tiempos verbales

material para la escuela - Presentation in progress, will be updated every time we discuss something new.
by

Josefina Moreno

on 11 February 2015

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Transcript of Los tiempos verbales

Los verbos
El verbo es una acción, se usa para
mostrar
la conexión entre el
sujeto
y otro
sustantivo,
o para mostrar es
estado de ánimo
del sujeto. Algunos verbos que se llaman verbos de acción. Algunos ejemplos son correr, caminar, o cantar. Verbos
conectores
enlazan dos palabras. Por ejemplo; El auto es un Toyota. Algunos verbos se llaman
verbos auxiliares
. Están en frente del verbo principal. Por ejemplo; José va a ir de compras mañana. El verbo ir + a es un verbo auxiliar.
Formas no personales
Infinitivo
Participio
Gerundio
Modos verbales
Indicativo
Subjuntivo
Imperativo
Tiempos verbales
Pretérito imperfecto
Pretérito Indefinido
Presente
Futuro
Condicional
el indicativo expresa hechos: quedó viuda muy joven (she was widowed when she was very young).
El presente del indicativo
Present Indicative




Verbos irregulares más comunes del español en todos sus tiempos:

andar, caber, caer, conocer, coger, dar, decir, dormir, estar, haber, hacer, ir, oír, pedir, pensar, poder, poner, preferir, querer, saber, salir, seguir, ser, tener, traer, traducir, valer, venir, ver.
Futuro del Indicativo o futuro Imperfecto del Indicativo.
El Pretérito Indefinido /
the preterite tense

The pretérito indefinido (simple past) is used for completed actions in the past that took place once and/or interrupted an action that was already taking place.

- a single completed action in the past

Example:

- El
año
pasado llegó una chica nueva a clase.
- Me encantó conocerla, …
- Fue una verdadera lástima.
- Me quedé muy triste.

Tip: To find out if you have to use the `` Preterito indefinido" you have to ask two questions, both questions should be answered with a YES.

1) Can you put the event in a diary or calendar?
2) Was the action finished at the moment we are referring to?






Pretérito indefinido del verbo ir


(yo) fui
(tú) fuiste
(él) fue
(nosotros) fuimos
(vosotros) fuisteis
(ellos) fueron
Pretérito imperfecto

(yo) iba
(tú) ibas
(él) iba
(nosotros) íbamos
(vosotros) ibais
(ellos) iban



A habitual or repeated action
Iba a España cada año - I went (used to go) to Spain every year.
An ongoing action with no specified completion
Iba a España -
I was going to Spain.
Description/background information; set the scene of how things were or what was happening when there was an interruption .
Vivía en Costa Rica cuando... - I was living in Costa Rica when..
.
General description of physical or mental states of being
Tenía miedo de perros -
I was afraid of dogs.
Expression of the time of day or age in the past
Eran las cinco de la mañana - It was five a.m.
el pretérito perfecto
El pretérito perfecto de indicativo:
Present perfect
a compound tense that uses the past participle. The present perfect is used to talk about what someone has done. In Spanish, it is formed with the present tense of the auxiliary verb haber and a past participle.

More: http://masaonav.edu.glogster.com/contraste-indefinido-imperfecto-con-algunas-tic/
Present perfect;Presente perfecto
The past participle does not change in form when it is part of the present perfect tense, a combination of the past participle and the present indicative of the verb haber.;
it only changes in form when it is used as an adjective.
present indicative haber + past participle
In Spanish, the present perfect indicative generally is used just as in English: to talk about what someone has done or what has occurred. It usually refers to the recent past.
In English, the auxiliary verb and the past participle are often separated. In Spanish, however,
these two elements—haber and the past participle—cannot be separated by any word.

The word no and any object or reflexive pronouns are placed immediately before haber.
Note that to have can be either a main verb or an auxiliary verb in English.
As a main verb, it corresponds to tener, while as an auxiliary, it corresponds to haber.

To form the present perfect of hay,
use the third-person singular of haber (ha) + habido.

Indica el pretérito perfecto de indicativo de estos verbos.
1. (disfrutar, comer, vivir) yo ___________________________________
2. (traer, adelgazar, compartir) tú ______________________________
3. (venir, estar, correr) usted ______________________________
4. (leer, resolver, poner) ella ______________________________
5. (decir, romper, hacer) ellos ______________________________
6. (mantenerse, dormirse) nosotros ______________________________
7. (estar, escribir, ver) yo ______________________________
8. (vivir, correr, morir) él ______________________________

Spanish and English each have three
verb moods
: indicative, subjunctive and imperative.
A set of verb forms indicating the relationship between the verb's action and the speaker's perception of it.
statements of fact.
Factual but is probable, unlikely, hoped for or feared.
Direct commands.
Present Perfect

haber + past participle
he hablado, he comido, he vivido

he
has
ha
hemos
habéis
han
Formación del participio irregular
VER — VISTO
ESCRIBIR — ESCRITO
VOLVER — VUELTO
PONER — PUESTO
MORIR — MUERTO
HACER — HECHO
DECIR — DICHO
ABRIR — ABIERTO
DESCUBRIR — DESCUBIERTO
ROMPER — ROTO
Full transcript