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The Victorian Period Research Presentation

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Ben Winkler

on 1 November 2012

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Transcript of The Victorian Period Research Presentation

The Victorian Era During the Victorian era (in England during the reign of Queen Victoria from 1837-1901), the population of England
rose from 14 million to almost 33 million Population England became the first country to undergo a
Demographic transition, which is a simul-
taneous drop in both birth and death rates Prior to the Industrial revolution in the late Victorian
era, Thomas Malthus argued that populations tended
to increase more than resources could sustain, leading to starvation, etc.
However, the industrial revolution increased
standards of living during this time so the following
population boom was met with enough resources. The Victorian Era can be considered a renaissance of sorts as it was a time of great political, cultural, and social change in England. Culture Gothic revival architecture, which emulated the styles
of medieval Gothic architecture, became very popular during this time. The church on the right is an example of this style of architecture. Novels were the most influential
form of literature in the Victorian era. Charles Dickens, whose books are still read widely today, wrote "Pickwick Papers" in the early years of the Victorian Era. 1845
Irish Famine begins 1837
Queen Victoria takes throne 1850
Restoration of
Roman Catholic
hierarchy in England 1865
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland published 1876
Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone 1901
Death of Queen Victoria and end of Victorian Era 1870-1891
State education becomes free for every child under 10 years old 1882
British troops occupy the Suez Canal in Egypt, which is declared a protectorate of Great Britain Events Education When the Victorian Era began in 1837, education remained a privilege for children of wealthy parents. Many children had a governess teach
them from home until the boys were old enough to attend a school; girls tended to finish their schooling from home. When the Victorian Era began in 1837, education remained a privilege for children of wealthy parents. Many children had a governess teach
them from home until the boys were old enough to attend a school; girls tended to finish their schooling from home. Misbehaving students would be caned, while slow learners would be given a "dunce hat" and sent to sit in a corner. Even left handed students were forced to use their right hand to write with. Politics Victorian England was not democratic to begin with. Only about a fifth of men, and no women, could vote. However, by 1884 two thirds of men could vote. The Whigs and Tories were the two dominant political parties in England during this era. The Whigs supported a constitutional monarchy (limited monarchy). The Tories showed more support for the monarchy. Technology Stagecoaches, canals, and steamships were invented or expanded during this time and allowed for greater communication and trade. In addition, England became the world's greatest naval power because of their large and powerful fleet of steamships. Science developed into the disclipline it is today during the Victorian Era. Many men studied natural history in the footsteps of Charles Darwin, who published "On the Origin of Species" during this time. Gas lighting became common during this time and greatly improved lighting possibilities. Incandescent lightbulbs (give off light as a result of heat) were invented in the 1890's and persisted into the 1960's. Medicine progressed quite a lot during Queen Victoria's reign.
In the 1840's, anesthetics such as ether and chloroform were used to prevent pain.
Dentistry became a more precise practice as sugar was introduced into many foods in England,
thus creating a demand for teeth being pulled, etc.

In 1867, Joseph Lister introduced Carbolic acid (phenol), an antiseptic (prevent infection and spreading of microbial organisms). Antiseptics are used to sterilize surgeon's hands, equipment, and so forth during surgery. Health & Medicine Fashion By the end of the Victorian Era, clothing items were
largely manufactured and identical in their construction. The lock-stitch sewing machine was invented in 1845, and simplified home and boutique dressmaking. Due to expanded trade, new materials such as rubber could be implemented in clothing. In addition, chemists developed synthetic dies that were cheaper and more readily available than natural ones. Women commonly wore hats with plumes made from
bird feathers. Due to over hunting, many birds in Florida nearly went extinct due to demand for plumes.
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