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Transcript of Ancient India
Contributions and inventions
Location and Climate
- Early Civilization,John Smith and Olha Pelech
- Life in the ancient Indus River Vally,(no author)
- India, Julie nelson
- Ancient India,Alison Lassieur
- Ancient India,Virginia Schomp
Ancient Indians wrote in a language that researchers still search.Their writing is still unknown.They wrote in pictures and symbols.There was 500 different types of pictograph writing.They learnt city planning,farming,mathematics,
medicine,engineering and their own language.People needed to be at least 16 years to attend school.They also learnt stone work from Ancient Greeks and Sanskrit from gurus(teachers.)
Sanskrit is used in English.People learnt yoga and meditation.
People traveled from Greece,China and Mesopotamia to teach
Children used to play with toys.The most common toys
were whistles,carts and toy monkeys. The whistles were shaped like birds.The toy monkeys could slide down a string.Everyone sang,danced and played instruments. Music and dance was very important to the Harappans.Most knew how to swim,so the people who knew how to swim swam for fun and for exercising.They also played chess and playing card.
Homes were made out of mud or baked clay bricks and stones.Rooms in houses were round.Houses had 1 or 2 stories.The doors were made of wood. Iron nets were used as windows.All houses have a flat roof and all homes were identical.Since cleanliness was important to Ancient Indians all houses had a bathroom and had access to a well. Cabinets, screens, tables, candle holders, boxes and trays were furnitures in Ancient India.
The most famous structure was and is the TajMahal.Kajuraho was and still is the most famous temple.The famous stone art in ancient India and India now was and is Dancing girl.
Ancient Indians invented chess and playing cards. They invented the number zero. They invented the first university. They pioneered plastic surgery and eye operations. Ancient Indians invented hospitals. They invented the decimal system. They also invented the treatment to protect themselves from smallpox and saved thousands of lives.
Ancient India is north of Arabian sea, south part of Asia and west of the Himalayas.The oldest civilization; Indus Valley, a part of Ancient India is beside the Indus river.Today,where Indus Valley was located is in Pakistan and Afghanistan.The climate was a dry climate for most time of the year.It was also warm and wet. The land they use was fertile for growing plants.
They ate vegetables,fruits and grains.Barley,peas,melons,
wheat and dates were some of the
crops.But their main crop was rice.
They also ate lentils,fish and some other meat. They caught fish with fish hooks.Most people did not eat meat because of religious beliefs.The food was cooked and prepared in mud pots over a fire.
Clothes were made out of cotton or wool. Women in common wore Saris,meaning cloth.Under the Saris they wore a skirt and a blouse.Rich women wore Saris made out of silk from China.They also wore rings for ears,nose,
fingers and toes and even wore lipstick!Men wore white Dhotis.They wore turbans made out of cotton.Or if they were rich,then it would be made out of silk from cocoons of silkworms.
Some men and women wore bands on arms and ankles.Rich wore gold or silver chains.
- Link to learning
- Indus Valley Civilization Daily Life
- Ancient India clothes
- Wikipedia, Indus Valley Civilization
- What the Ancients did for us: The Indians
- Indian Origin of Egyptian Civilization
- History of ancient Indian furniture
Aryans believed in reincarnation which means, when a person dies his or her soul is reborn into another body. Ancient Indians believed that a sea laid a gold egg that Parjapati hatched in.Parjapati spoke and created the world and the first gods.These are the gods that Ancient Indians believed in:
Agni,god of fire, Brahma,god of creator,Dyaus,god of sky, Indra, king of gods, Lakshmi, goddess of wealth and generosity,Ganesha,god of wisdom, Ashwins,twin gods of morning,Maruts,spirit of thunder and storm, Prithvi, goddess of earth, Rudra,god of wild animals, Shiva, god of distruction and dance, Surya, god of sun, Ushas, goddess of dawn, Varuna, god of water, Vayu, god of wind, Vishnu was a minor diety, Saraswathi, goddess of music and wisdom, Parvathi, goddess of mothers, Navagraha, nine planets and Adishakthi, mother of gods and goddesses. Nandi was a sacred bull.
riests had the most power in the Ancient Indian pyramid.
All priests had the same caste which
Nobles and Warriors
Traders, Craftspeople and Farmers
Social organization in the government
Did you know....
Ancient Indians always designed their town or village before building it.They were very skilled with metals.Ancient India was the first place where cotton was grown.They knew the science of astronomy way back then so that's why they worshiped the nine planets as gods.In the city of Mohenjo-daro,the population was 30,000 and in Harappa the population was 50,000.People in Ancient India had a grainery,a killn and a factory.
In Ancient India,women also went fighting in armies.They also had a drainage system.
obles and warriors were second in the pyramid. Their caste was Kshatriyas.
raders, craftspeople and farmers were third in the pyramid. They all belonged to the caste of vaishyas.
ervants are the last one in the pyramid.Usually, servants are servants to rich people. They belong to the caste of
he untouchables were not included in the pyramid. They were considered to do all the "dirty" work such as cleaning the whole town.
In houses the father had all the rights ( male.) Women were allowed to own property and some were even famous warriors! But over time, Brahmans became more powerful and developed the idea of women not having rights and that they should be controled by men. People were born into castes. Different castes could not move up or down in the pyramid.
15th century (west arabic)
16th century (D"rer)
Numerals were passed down from:
and Indian contributions
- Playing cards
- The number zero
- The first university
- Treatment for eyes
- Treatment for plastic
- Treatment for smallpox
- Refinement of dress
- 365 days in a year,
24 hours in a day
Ancient India is the oldest civilization.
Ancient India existed before Ancient Greece.
The Number Zero
The best and the most important contribution, out of Ancient Indian contributions and Ancient Egypt contributions, I think is <<The Number Zero.>>
The number zero is a big contribution because if the Ancient Indians did not contribute that, then the other civilizations could not contribute their contributions to mathematics. For example, Ancient Egypt, they could not have contributed; 365 days in a year or 24 hours in a day, if there wasn't the number zero! Basically, most ancient smarty-pants (for math) could not have contributed or discovered most of the math units.
If the number zero wasn't contributed, we could not write big numbers or not even write the number 10. It also helps us keep the place value, like 51 and 501. This also helps us difference in the decimal unit, like 0.51, 5.1, 5.01, 50.1, 5.10 or 0.501 etc.
If the number zero wasn't existing, right now, you would not be able to solve/answer this question:
The number zero helps in showing the no value and to say there is nothing.
That is why I think the number zero is the best contribution between Ancient India and Ancient Egypt. And it also effects the whole world.
How many apples are in my hand?