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Copy of Basic Sentence Structures

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by

Loretta Henry

on 30 May 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Basic Sentence Structures

INDEPENDENT CLAUSE: a clause that expresses a complete thought
and could therefore stand alone as a sentence if it were properly capitalized and punctuated
;
clause: a group of words that has (a) subject(s) and (a) predicate(s)
and serves a single function
Basic Sentence Structures
(Coordination and Subordination)
Key
capitalize
add end punctuation
independent clause
dependent clause
subordinating conjunction
comma + coordinating conjunction
Two independent clauses can be joined in sacred sentencedom in two ways:
a semicolon
OR
comma coordinating conjunction
, and
, or
, for
, nor
, but
, yet
, so
;
*Only using a comma results in a type of sentence error called a
comma splice
.
Only using a conjunction is equally abhorrent.
THIS IS NOW A COMPOUND SENTENCE
while the baby coos
after
although
as
as if
as long as
as much as
if
inasmuch
in order that
lest
now that
provided that
since
that
though
till
unless
until
than
even though
how
Here's a list of subordinators:
if =independent clause,
& = dependent clause, then
;
It's independent.
the lady sings
the lady sings
, conj.
fragment
(the fanboys!)
Notice what makes the clause dependent is the word
while
, which is a subordinating conjunction, AKA a subordinator.
but they cannot be by themselves.
Think of dependent clauses like children or babies.
It's dependent.
They have hearts and minds,
when
whenever
where
wherever
while
as soon as
as though
because
before
so that
even if
Momma baby. (no comma!)
See? Baby, momma.
COMPLEX SENTENCES
If the dependent clause comes first, it's followed by a comma.
Here it gets fun.
the woman sings
the man raps
, and
Think of clauses like people. They have hearts and minds.
An independent clause is like an adult.
It can stand alone if it chooses to do so.
If two independent clauses have so much in common that they choose to marry, they can form a sentence: a COMPOUND SENTENCE.
Think of clauses like people. They have minds and hearts.
predicate
subject
the man raps
the lady sings
This is not a sentence because it's not properly capitalized or punctuated,
and it cannot stand alone as a complete thought.
This is a clause because it has a subject (we) and a predicate (were).
while we were away
Keep these concepts with you, and you will reap these benefits:
avoid
run-ons
clarify relationships among your ideas
vary your sentence structure
avoid
comma splices
avoid sentence
fragments
demystify comma usage
= simple sentence
= compound sentence
= compound sentence
= complex sentence
= complex sentence
= compound complex sentence
, =
comma splice
,
,
,conj.
,conj.
(legal in any order--; just follow the rules throughout!)
worksheet guidelines
,
,
There's no need for a comma if the independent clause comes first.
(,)

Dependent clauses are not inherently bad;
they just need an independent clause when they're in sentences.
clause:
DEPENDENT CLAUSE (AKA SUBORDINATE CLAUSE):
a group of words that has (a) subject(s) and (a) predicate(s)
and serves a single function
a clause (with a subject and a predicate) that does not express a complete thought and therefore cannot stand alone as a sentence if it were properly capitalized and punctuated
The lady sings.
The man raps.
An independent clause that is properly capitalized and punctuated as a sentence is a SIMPLE SENTENCE.
To fix a
comma splice
, you have many options:
4. Make one of the clauses dependent by adding a subordinating conjunction (a subordinator). Punctuate accordingly.
3. Add a coordinating conjunction after the comma.
2. Make the comma a semicolon.
1. Separate the 2 clauses into 2 simple sentences.
Comma Splice
Solutions
A dependent clause can join with an independent clause to form a
COMPLEX SENTENCE.
while the baby coos
It's a fragment.
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