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Kenya Final World Cultures Project

I had to choose a country to do for my final World Cultures Project, and I chose Kenya.
by

Kimmie McLagan

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of Kenya Final World Cultures Project

Kimmie McLagan Period 3 Kenya Final World Cultures Project Flag Entertainment Every Country has a flag and each color or symbol represents something different. Kenya's flag is 4 colors, red, green, black, and white. The black stripe represents the color of skin,the red stripe stands for the blood and the struggle for independence, and the green stripe represents agricultural environment. The white on the flag stands for peace. Finally, the symbol is a shield and that represents the defense of the colors. The currency in Kenya are called Shillings. The abbreviation for it is KES. The U.S to Kenya conversion is $1 USD is the equivalent of 85.55 KES, and 1 KES is equal to $0.01 USD, or one cent. Currency The Gross Domestic Product of Kenya is $34.68 billion and the real growth rate is 2.2%. The per capita of purchasing power parity is $1,100. The agriculture is 19.3%, industry is 18.5%, and services is 62.4%. The unemployment rate is almost half at 40%. The labor force is 11.4 million people, and the labor force by occupation, 75% is agriculture. Economics Kenya's Government has been independent since December 12th, 1963. The leader of Kenya is currently Mwai Kibaki. The long form government is Republic of Kenya, and the short form is simply Kenya. The former Government is British East Africa. The type of Government is Republic. Government Kenyans have different ideas of spending their free time, so let's check out some of the ideas. There is a variety of Cinema out there, and certain movie theatres only show certain types of movies like Western, Hindi (with English subtitles), English, Italian, and Spanish sports movies, Indian movies, Bollywood, football matches, Christian films, and modern cinema as well. There is also a variety of nightlife in Kenya with 14 bars, 6 music destinations,and nine clubs. Some of the music destinations have themes, DJs, bars, patios, and live music. There’s also a variety of activities in Kenya such as scuba diving (much like snorkeling but you are able to go much farther under the water), snorkeling (which is like scuba diving but just below the surface of the water), fishing, and soccer. Religion Just like the United States, there is a variety of religion in Kenya. The percentage of Christians or Protestants is around 45%. There are only about 10% of Islamics in Kenya. The Roman Catholics come in at 33%. Indigenous religions are only 10% and only 2% of Kenyans study other religions. Religion influences the way Kenyans live because of the different ways they dress, and traditions they have. Some traditions include prayers, offerings to Gods, and other ceremonies. Language The main languages in Kenya are English and Swahili. The alphabet is the exact same as the alphabet in the United States, but the language is very different than English with several dialects and meanings to many different phrases. “Kabuki,” is welcome in Swahili. “Hujambo,” means hello, “habari yako?” means how are you. “Mzuri,” or “nzuri,” translates to fine or I am feeling fine. There is also Kenyan and Zambian sign language. Interesting/Random Facts Capital: Nairobi
Government: Semi-presidential republic
Time zone: EAT
Population: 43,013,341
9 Ethnic Groups
Nairobi is a regional commercial hub
Nat. Anthem: Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu Music There are many different styles of music in Kenya but pop and traditional music are just a couple of examples. There is a traditional style with homemade instruments. There is also a style of contemporary dance music in Kenya called Benga. The music videos for pop style music are very much like the U.S music videos. Art The types of art in Kenya vary on what tribe made the art, or the style of it. The Kamba people are best known for their wood carving. The Kisii tribe is known for the stone carvings they do. The Maasai tribe used decorative beading, jewelry and other accessories to emphasize social status. Other tribes use water gourds, stools and neck pillows to decorate. Food Unlike most countries, Kenya has no access to refrigerators and it is very hot so they often eat foods that won't spoil such as grains. The Kenyan diet also includes a variety of fruits such as mangos, oranges, bananas, plantains, and papaya. I found a recipe for Mandazi, otherwise knwon as "east african doughnuts". You start with 1 beaten egg, 1/2 cup of sugar, 1/2 cup milk, 2 tablespoons of melted butter, 2 cups white flour, and finish it off with 2 teaspoons of baking powder and sprinkle with powdered sugar. You can also add cinnamon, shredded coconut, peanuts, ground almonds, and you can substitute pineapple, orange or lemon juice for milk. Family Life In Kenya some children may call their aunt “younger mother” or “older mother” depending on the age of the aunt compared to the mother. Kenyans are more willing to trust someone who will look them in the in the eye. Family size depends on the location and the tribe and population is among the most diverse in Africa. The composition of the household depends on the type of family, culture, and the location of the family. Dress The dress type in Kenya depends on the tribe. The majority of dress style is western or Arabic, and traditional as well. The Maasai women wear beaded necklaces and colorful wraps called kangas. The Maasai men often wear red checked Shukas, Maasai blankets, and carry a ball-ended club. The Maasai tribe believes the red clothing stands for power. They also wear sandals soled with pieces of motorcycle tires, and they dye their hair with ochre or fat. History In 1944, the KAU formed to campaign for African Independence. In 1961, Kenyatta was freed and he assumes presidency of Kanu. Kenyatta died in office in 1978 and was succeeded Vice President Daniel Arap Moi. In August of 1991, Forum for the Restoration of Democracy was banned and the members were arrested. August of 1998, they found that Al Qaeda operatives bombed the U.S embassy in Nairobi. Mwai Kibaki wins the 2002 elections in December ending Moi’s 24-year rule. The voters of Kenya reject a new proposed constitution in November-December of 2005. October 2006, Somalis arrive in Kenya camp since early 2006. January 2010, the U.S suspends $7 million of funding for free primary schools. June-September 2011, East Africa is hit by the worst drought in 60 years Climate During the year, Kenya enjoys a very tropical climate, very hot and humid at the coast. Kenya is usually cool at night and very early in the morning. Long rains are from April to June, short rains are from October to December, and summer clothes are typically worn throughout the year. The climate influences how people live because it decides the way they dress. Geography Kenya’s land is 569,250 square kilometers, the water is 13,400 square kilometers, and the total area is 582,650 square kilometers. The borders around Kenya are Ethiopia, Tanzania, Somalia, Uganda, and Sudan. There’s 670 square kilometers of irrigated land, 8.08% of arable land, .98% are permanent crops, the other use of land is 90.94% other use of land. The climate varies from tropical along the coast. The natural resources are limestone, soda ash, salt, gemstone, fluorspar, zinc, diatomite, gypsum, wildlife, hydropower. Education As privileged as we are in the U.S, some Kenyan students look at school as a good thing. The education system in Kenya is an 8-4-4 system which consists of 8 years of primary, 4 secondary, and 4 years of university education. Kenya has a number of schools in their country that include different education systems such as American, British, French, and German. There are seven universities in Kenya including a number of private universities like polytechnics, 17 ITs (Institutes of Technology) and 12 TTIs (Technical Training Institutes). Only 85% of all children attend free primary school, 24% attend secondary school, and a very lucky 2% get to go on to a higher education. Unlike the United States, students are not required to attend school and it isn’t free, much like the United States. A typical school day for a Kenyan student starts at 7am and ends at roughly 5:30pm each day. They study ten different subject areas including Math, English, and Physics. Demographics Every country has demographics, or statistics about their country like population. Kenya’s population is 33,829,590, the median ages are 18.3 years for a female, 18.08 years for a male, and the total is 18.19 years. The life expectancy for a male is 48.87 years, for a female it’s 47.09 years, and overall it’s 47.99 years. The literacy rate in Kenya meaning age 15 and up can read and write is 90.6% for a male, 79.7% for a female, and the total is 85.1%. Something I thought interesting was the religion percentages in Kenya. Protestant is 45%, 33% are Roman Catholic, 10% are Muslim, 10% are indigenous beliefs, and other religions is 2%.I found that interesting because it shows that most Kenyans are Protestant. Traditions and Holidays Like any country Kenya has traditions or holidays. One of the most celebrated holidays is Jamhuri Day, or Kenyan Independence Day. December 12th marks the date of the country’s independence. Kenya became an official British colony in 1920. Jamhuri Day includes a number of celebrations. The celebrations include feasts, important speeches, dancing, and parades that can last for days. Information Technology The thing that most countries around the world has is technology. Believe it or not, in Kenya they have 328,400 main line phones, 1,590,800 cell phones, 24 AM radio stations, 18 FM radio stations, and 6 shortwave radio stations. There are 3.07 million radios, 8 television stations, and 730,000 televisions. There are 8,325 internet hosts, 65 service providers, 400,000 internet users, and the country’s internet code is “.ke”. Gestures and Manners There is a lot of negative gestures in Kenya but let’s focus on the positives right now. It is acceptable to nod when calling the attention of someone. A typical Kenyan waves with an open-palmed right hand, and always use both hands when passing important documents. Like the U.S, approval is signaled by two thumbs up. Strong handshakes are acceptable, and it is okay to pat someone you have formed a relationship with, on the back or shoulder. Sitting on the floor is okay, using the “OK” sign with the thumb and index in a circle is the signal of “okay”, and the sign of the “V” with the index and middle finger is an appropriate sign of victory. When you want to signal the attention of someone whistling is okay. In Kenya eye contact show trustworthiness, standing close to someone during conversation is okay, and always cover your mouth when laughing. In any country it is acceptable to stand up and remove your hat when the national anthem is playing or a person of great authority walks by. it’s also acceptable to sit next to a person of the opposite sex when dining or in church, talking when eating is acceptable, and you are supposed to acknowledge or greet everyone in attendance. There are do’s and don'ts when going to Kenya, here’s a list of some. You are not allowed to use only your left hand passing objects or gifts, it is considered rude to put your hands in your pockets when addressing an audience, and you cannot point your index finger at someone. In Kenya you are not allowed to stick your thumb in the air to ask for a ride, and you are not allowed to show affection towards another person around others, especially the same sex. Like any other country it’s disrespectful to show any sign of disrespect towards your country, such as crumpling money, burning the flag, littering, or other acts of rudeness. In Kenya you are not allowed to yawn in public, show open anger such as, frowning or being loud, and you can’t take a picture of a person without asking them. Rules apply if you are a female as well, you can’t go out in public dressed inappropriately and you cannot smoke in public. Sign of approval My Sources

"Body Language and Gestures." Wikia,com. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Jan. 2013.

"Education School Day in Kenya." Mapsofworld.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Jan. 2013.

"Geography and Map of Kenya." Geography and Map of Kenya. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Jan. 2013.

"Kenyan Currency." Kenya Currency. N.p., 1995-2012. Web. 17 Nov. 2012.

"Kenya Profile." BBC News. BBC, 12 Mar. 2012. Web. 01 Jan. 2013.

"Subscriber Area Only." CultureGrams Online Database:. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Jan. 2013. Global Contributions/Current Events Ador Nyiel went from child soldier to teacher. He was one of over 20,000 boys abandoned or orphaned in South Sudan during the civil war from 1983-2005. When he was in a Kakuma camp in Kenya, he decided to take his education to a new level. At the age of 21 Ador found he wanted to help people improve their countries and lives through education. Ador has said that education heals him. This story shows that education really can help later on in life.
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