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Presentation of Friedrich Nietzsche

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Ryan Berduo

on 23 April 2013

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Transcript of Presentation of Friedrich Nietzsche

By: Cameron C. & Ryan B. Friedrich Nietzsche " Hence the ways of men part: if you wish to strive for peace of soul and pleasure, then believe; if you wish to be a devotee of truth, then inquire... " A German philosopher, poet, composer, cultural critic, and classical philologist. He wrote critical texts on religion, morals, contemporary culture, philosophy, and science, displaying a fondness for metaphor, irony, and aphorism. A central part of his philosophy is the idea of "life-affirmation", which involves questioning all doctrines that drain life's expansive energies, however socially prevalent those views may be. His influence remains substantial within philosophy, notably in existentialism, post-modernism, and post-structuralism, as well as outside it.His radical questioning of the value and objectivity of truth has been the focus of extensive commentary. Nietzsche's most important works The Birth of Tragedy out of the Spirit of Music- 1872
On Truth and Lies in a Non-moral Sense- 1873
Human, all to Human- 1878
The Gay Science- 1882
Thus Spoke Zarathustra- 1885
Beyond Good and Evil- 1886
On the Genealogy of Morals- 1887
Ecce Homo- 1888
The Anti-Christ- 1888
The Will to Power- 1901 God is Dead and Nihilism "God is Dead" is the belief that nothing has any inherent importance and that life lacks purpose. Nietzsche states that the Christian moral doctrine provides people with intrinsic value, belief in God, and a basis for objective knowledge. He criticizes the European and religious society to clinging onto spiritual beings (God). It has been interpreted that "God is dead" explains the death of metaphysics, or the understanding of the world.
Nietzsche approached nihilism as a problem of the modern world. He believes it is only when nihilism is overcome that a culture can have a true foundation upon which to thrive. Friedrich Nietzsche Will to Power The Will to Power is Nietzsche's philosophical outlook to provide a basic understanding of human behavior. He says that self-conservation is a consequence of a creature's will to exert its strength on the outside world. He rejects the idea that happiness is the sole motivation of man, but is a consequence of a successful pursuit of one's aims, of the overcoming of hurdles to one's actions, or the fulfillment of the will. Übermensch Übermensch, or Superman, is a set of new values, and is te solution to the problem of the "Death of God" and nihilism. Übermensch does not follow morality of common people since it favors mediocrity but instead rises above the notion of good and evil. In Thus Spoke Zarathustra, Zarathustra proclaims his ultimate goal as the journey towards the state of Übermensch. He wants a kind of spiritual evolution of self-awareness and overcoming of traditional views on morality and justice that stem from the superstition beliefs still deeply rooted or related to the notion of God and Christianity. Resources http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/nietzsche/
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