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Copy of MTB MLE BRIDGING PROCESS
Transcript of Copy of MTB MLE BRIDGING PROCESS
Strong MTBMLE program highlights the bridging process as an essential element for its successful implementation
enable and encourage students to develop oral fluency in their L1;
introduce reading and writing in the L1; help students become fluent and confident in L1 literacy; and
build their capacity to use the L1 for everyday communication and for learning in school.
A Strong Foundation and a Good Bridge
It is essential to understand that second language acquisition in the MTBMLE approach is sees as a "two-way bridge" that enables learner to move back and forth between their tongue and other tongue.
Language Progression Plan
help learners build a "good bridge" when they:
introduce reading and writing in the L2 by building on what the children have learned about oral L2 and their foundation in L1 literacy;
build fluency and confidence in using oral and written L2 for everyday communication and for academic learning.
Dr. Malone states that MTBMLE programs need to:
use the L1 only for teaching in the early grades as students are learning basic communication skills in L2;
use L1 with L2 for teaching later grades, as students gain fluency and confidence in using the school language for learning academic concepts.
Bridging in the MTBMLE curriculum is planned such that children start education from their mother tongue language (L1) to other tongue languages (L2).
Build the children's fluency and confidence in L1 and use L1 for teaching and learning.
Continue L1 as a subject, Introduce L1 literacy and use L1 for teaching and learning.
Continue oral and literacy L1 as a subject. Introduce oral L2 and use L1 for teaching and learning.
Continue oral and literacy in L1 as subject, Continue oral L2 as subject, Introduce L2 literacy, Use L1-L2-L1 for teaching and learning.
Continue oral and literacy L1 and L2 as subjects.
Children need to know who they are and where they come from because knowing and using their mother tongue language can help children understand themselves better.
Children learn best when they begin their education in their mother tongue language and use it to learn other languages.
The best MTBMLE programs are:
L1 as language of instruction as learners gain competency
L2 (oral and literacy) in early grades
L1 and L2 for learning until the end of primary level.
"Children's knowledge and skills transfer across language from the mother tongue to the school language." (Jun Cummins, 2000)
Three types of development which is central to MTBMLE program:
Language acquisition and learning is meaning-making.
It needs six years of formal schooling in L1 to create a strong linguistic foundation.
Learning in the 21st century is empowering students to be producers and consumers of knowledge and critical thinkers who make wise and informed decisions.
THE END :)