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Han Dynasty

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by

Kim Kovacic

on 12 February 2013

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Transcript of Han Dynasty

Page 510 The Han Dynasty Liu Bang- Made Emperor out of the Mandate of Heaven
Earned peoples loyalty and trust because he was a "common" person
Well liked
Wanted to free people from harsh government
Lowered taxes
Less severe punishments
Gave land to supporters
Changed way gov't worked- relied on officials to help him rule Rise of A New Dynasty- 205 BC 140 BC- took throne

-Wanted to create a stronger government
-Took land from lords
-Raised taxes
-Put supply of grain under gov't control
-Made Confucianism official Chinese gov't philosophy Emperor Wudi -Class structure became more rigid and important in society
-People divided into 4 classes based on Confucian system
1. Emperor, his court, scholars in govt positions
2. (Largest) Peasants
3. Artisans- produced items for daily life & luxury goods
4. Merchants, lowest class,because they did not actually produce anything
****Military was not a class**** Family Life -Classes only divided people into social rank
-Did not indicate wealth or power
-Lifestyles change according to wealth

*Emperors & court live in large palace
*Less important live in multilevel homes
*Wealthy families live in large estates with employed laborers
*Hire private armies
*Filled homes with expensive decorations as wells as tombs
Lives for Rich & Poor
-90% Peasants live in the countryside
-60 million lived in China
-Work long, tiring days
-Heavy taxes & bad weather forced farmers to sell their land and work for rich landowners
-Lived simple lives
-Wore plain clothes
-Live in small villages
-Wood framed houses with walls made of mud or stamped earth

Lives for Rich and Poor Children taught to respect elders from birth
Disobeying one's parents was a crime
Emperors even had to respect parents
Father was the head of family, had absolute power
Womens duty to obey husband
If they obey father, they will obey emperor
Men gained govt jobs based on respect they showed parents
Boys more valued than girls
Expected to honor dead parents

Revival of Family Confucianism
-Philosophy based on teachings of Confucius
-Emphasizes importance of ethics and moral values
-Under the Han, govt was officials were expected to practice Confucianism
-Could get person a good job in China
-Take test, become govt official
-Exam only open to people in govt service already
Wealthy and Rich Poor and Peasants Han Achievements Experts at figure painting Known for poetry- new styles of verse
Fu and Shi

Invented paper, produced books
Sundial
Seismograph
Acupuncture
Full transcript