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2015 1B Review
Transcript of 2015 1B Review
1) What is the exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution of the story?
2) What is the double meaning of the title?
3) How does Rainsford change his opinion on hunting?
4) What are the two meanings of the word game?
5) How does Rainsford get to the island?
6) What quality do animals lack that General Zaroff has found in his new prey?
7) What is the deal that Zaroff makes with Rainsford?
8) Define and give 3 examples of literary devices used in the text.
"The Most Dangerous Game"
1) Who wrote "Black Boy?" What is it about?
2) What is an autobiography?
3) Does the boy remain true to his dream? What obstacles does he face to obtain it and what does he compare himself to?
4) Who wrote "Night?" What is it about?
5) What is a memoir?
6) Name 2 literary devices used in "Night" and how they enhance the story.
7) What was the boy in "Night" meant to inherit?
8) Who wrote "Only Daughter?" What is it about?
9) What is the girl's father's view on females at the time? What does he want for his daughter? And is he ever proud of her?
10) What was most important to the daughter?
1) Why do we have procedural texts?
2) What is included in a procedural text?
3) What is a literary essay?
4) Is a literary essay considered fiction or non-fiction?
5) What is an analytical essay?
6) What is included in an analytical essay?
7) How do you show where you got your information from?
8) How do you write an in-text citation?
9) What style of writing is required in Business Letters?
10) What is a memo?
11) What should you include in any email or letter?
12) What is the difference between an expository essay and an argumentative essay?
1) MLA stands for what?
2) What kind of spacing is in MLA format?
3) What goes at the end of a research paper in MLA format?
4) What goes in the header in MLA format?
5) What should the margins be set at in MLA format?
6) The 'TAB' or indent key should be set to what?
7) How do you write an in-text citation?
8) How should you write your title?
1) What is George Orwell's original name?
2) What two books is he most famous for writing?
3) Why would no one publish Animal Farm at first?
4) In what way is Animal Farm an allegory?
5) What is the moral lessons in animal farm?
6) How is satire used in the novella?
7) Why is Animal Farm a fable?
8) Name 4 literary devices used in the work and how does this add to the work?
Split into Groups
11) Bandwagon propaganda
12) Testimonial propaganda
13) Plain Folks propaganda
14) Transfer propaganda
15) Fear propaganda
16) Emotional Appeal propaganda
17) Logical Fallacies propaganda
18) Glittering Generalities propaganda
19) Name Calling propaganda
20) Stereotype propaganda
1) Who explains Animalism?
2) What happens that animalism can be implemented?
3) What are the commandments?
4) How do the pigs start to twist the commandments?
5) Why does Snowball get kicked off the farm?
6) Who starts to build the windmill? How many times is it built?
7) What happens with the timber?
8) Where does Mollie go?
9) What do the confessions mark in the story?
10) What do the humans think of what is going on and how does there opinion change throughout the novel?
Animal Farm II
1) What happens to Boxer in the end?
2) What happens to the idea of Animalism in the end?
3) What is the significance of the pigs walking on two legs?
4) What happens to Mr. Jones in the end?
5) Who do the other two neighboring farms that Napoleon considers trading with represent?
6) What is the significance of Sugar Mountain?
7) Why is the song, "Beast of England" banned?
8) Who does Squealer represent?
9) The novel is an allegory to what?
10) Who do each of the characters represent in history?
The Writing Process
1) How do you prepare to write a research paper? List the steps.
2) What are your final two steps of essay writing?
3) What must always be included in a research paper?
4) What is the difference between a primary and secondary source?
5) Why can you not just use any internet source?
6) Cite your Animal Farm book as it should appear on a Work Cited page.
Divide into three groups. Each group must try to write as quick as possible the definition of the following terms and an example in 15 mins.
3) Figurative Language
7) Situational Irony
8) Verbal Irony
9) Dramatic Irony
12) Pathetic Fallacy
15) Rhyme Scheme
25) Point of View
27) Comic Relief
Draw a plot diagram of the novella and plot all the key events. Label Literary Devices as they occur.
Name that Character's historic counterpart.
3) Old Major
4) Mr. Jones
8) The Dogs
9) Mr. Fredrick
1) What is in-text citation and how do you do it?
2) What is Work Cited? Where does it go? How do you display the information?
3) What tense should you write about literary works in?
4) What does MLA format include for you to do?
5) What is a thesis statement?
6) How do you put quotes into a text?
7) The charts you did for your research paper replaced what step in the writing process?
8) Why is it important to know how to write a research paper?
9) How should you use a comma?
10) In what person should you write formal essays in?
11) Which is stronger active or passive voice and why?
Why is it important to recognize propaganda?
How does the lack of recognizing propaganda affect the animals?
Show me 6 different examples of when propaganda is used in Animal Farm. They must be from at least 3 different chapters. Explain the propaganda, how the animals are being tricked, and what the advantage is for the trickster.
How to Use Commas Correctly
Ask if your reading for pleasure or information?
Preview the text
Make Predictions about the text
While you Read
Interpret the message of the writer
Read slowly for comprehension
Try to make a personal connection with the text
Take notes while reading
For studying diagram your reading
After You Read
Share your thoughts
Evaluate the text
Reading for Understanding
Reading is a dialogue between the writer and reader
Writer's goal is to communicate a message
Reader's goal is to understand and respond to the message
part or parts of speech
related forms of the word
definition or definitions of the word
origin, ETYMOLOGY, of the word
Old French (OF)
Middle English (ME)
synonyms and antonyms
- using context clues to guess the meaning of a word
-identify a root word
-look for prefixes or suffixes
-the spelling may change slightly
noun, plural de·moc·ra·cies.
[< Middle French démocratie < Late Latin dēmocratia < Greek dēmokratía popular government, equivalent to dēmo- demo- + -kratia -cracy]
1. government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system.
2. a state having such a form of government: The United States and Canada are democracies.
3. a state of society characterized by formal equality of rights and privileges.
4. political or social equality; democratic spirit.
5. the common people of a community as distinguished from any privileged class; the common people with respect to their political power.
Research Papers all are a combination of facts and opinions that show a profound examination of the reader's understanding of the work
Topical Research - research and present on specific topics or subjects
Critical Research - analyze and interpret information
Use a variety of sources to support the thesis
Steps - Establish Thesis, Brainstorm supporting ideas, detailed outline, write paper, revise, edit, include Work Cited page
Primary sources - direct or first hand knowledge -diary, interview, memoir
Secondary sources - discuss information provided by primary sources - books, articles, the internet
Paper uses quotes AND explains the writer's interpretation using these and evidence from the text
A word problem
synonyms - similar meanings
descriptive - one word describes the other
degree - one word is of greater or lesser degree than the other
parts of speech - same part of speech relationship
item to category - one names something that falls in the group named by the other word
study : student : teach: __________
ugly : pig : soft : ______
to eat : infinitive : beautiful : ______________
How to Use Commas Correctly
1) What happened?
2) Why did it happen?
3) Why was this analysis chosen?
4) What is the importance of analytical essays?
1) How do you write an in-text citation?
2) When do we use in-text citations?
3) Where does punctuation go in in-text citations?
1) Where is work cited found?
2) How do you cite Animal Farm?
3) Where do you look to find how to cite a website?
4) In what order do various work cited sources go?
5) How do you know if a source is a good source or not?
Lord of the Flies
60 Second Recap
1) Old Major's Dream
2) Fall of Mr. Jones
3) Battle of Cowshed
4) The Windmill
5) Hen Rebellion
6) Battle of the Windmill
The Corruption of Socialist Ideals in the Soviet Union
The Abuse of Language as Instrumental for the Abuse of Power
The Danger of a Naïve Working Class
The Societal Tendency Toward Class Stratification
Time and place written · Early 1950s; Salisbury, England
Narrator · The story is told by an anonymous third-person narrator who conveys the events of the novel without commenting on the action or intruding into the story.
Point of view · The narrator speaks in the third person, primarily focusing on Ralph’s point of view but following Jack and Simon in certain episodes. The narrator is omniscient and gives us access to the characters’ inner thoughts.
Tone · Dark; violent; pessimistic; tragic; unsparing
Protagonist · Ralph
Rising Action · The boys assemble on the beach. In the election for leader, Ralph defeats Jack, who is furious when he loses. As the boys explore the island, tension grows between Jack, who is interested only in hunting, and Ralph, who believes most of the boys’ efforts should go toward building shelters and maintaining a signal fire. When rumors surface that there is some sort of beast living on the island, the boys grow fearful, and the group begins to divide into two camps supporting Ralph and Jack, respectively. Ultimately, Jack forms a new tribe altogether, fully immersing himself in the savagery of the hunt.
Make a Plot Diagram
Falling Action · Virtually all the boys on the island abandon Ralph and Piggy and descend further into savagery and chaos.
Climax · Simon encounters the Lord of the Flies in the forest glade and realizes that the beast is not a physical entity but rather something that exists within each boy on the island. When Simon tries to approach the other boys and convey this message to them, they fall on him and kill him savagely.
Exposition: A deserted tropical island where boys have been stranded after a plane crash
1) The Conch - Authority and law and order. The conch is used to call assemblies and only the person holding the conch could speak at the meetings. The destruction of the conch symbolizes the destruction of what little civilization the boys possessed.
2) Piggy's Glasses - The glasses symbolized the ability to see and understand things clearly. Piggy is the only boy, besides Jack, who really sees how things should be done. The cracking of the first lens symbolizes the boys losing sight of what they need to do. The glasses are also important in so much as they are needed to start the fire.
3) The Signal Fire - The signal fire symbolizes the boys connection to civilization. The fire, initially, is important in the novel. As the boys grow more savage, the fire becomes less important to them. Jack and the hunters let the fire go out in order to hunt. Ralph's effort to keep the fire going are consistent but unsuccessful, in the same way his efforts to restore order are unsuccessful. Golding uses the signal fire to also symbolize hope, something which Jack destroys as the novel progresses. At times the signal fire rages out of control, symbolic of the boys themselves.
4) The Beast - The beast represents the inner savagery of the boys and all mankind. The boys personify it by calling it a giant snake and mistaking a dead parachutist for it. Simon is the only boy who understands that they are all beasts inside.
Resolution: Roger kills Piggy with a gigantic rock. Jack orders the rest of his tribe to find and kill Ralph. The tribe sets fire to the island in attempt to drive Ralph out of hiding and kill him. Ralph gets back to the beach where he is found by a naval officer whose ship spotted all of the smoke. This is ironic because the end of this rampage of barbarism is brought by a vessel that is headed out to war.
An allegory is a story with a symbolic level of meaning, where the characters and setting represent, well, other things:
The island represents the whole world.
Ralph's conch-led Parliament represents democratic government.
Jack's tribalism represents autocratic government.
Piggy represents the forces of rationalism, science, and intellect—which get ignored at society's peril.
Simon represents a kind of natural morality.
Maybe Simon represents the religious side of humanity; maybe Jack represents cruelty, or maybe Roger does. But the point is that they're not fully developed and rounded characters so much as they are symbols.
The only time we pull out of the allegory is at the very end of the novel, when the other "real" world breaks through the imaginary barrier around the island. Yet this is also the moment when the real question of the allegory hits home: who will rescue the grownups?
Society holds everyone together, and without these conditions, our ideals, values, and the basics of right and wrong are lost. Without society's rigid rules, anarchy and savagery can come to light.
Morals come directly from our surroundings, and if there is no civilization around us, we will lose these values.
People will abuse power when it's not earned.
When given a chance, people often single out another to degrade to improve their own security.
You can only cover up inner savagery so long before it breaks out, given the right situation.
It's better to examine the consequences of a decision before you make it than to discover them afterward.
The fear of the unknown can be a powerful force, which can turn you to either insight or hysteria.
The consequences of the loss of innocence
1) What does it mean to say that Lord of the Flies is an allegorical novel? What are its important symbols?
2) Compare and contrast Ralph and Simon. Both seem to be “good” characters. Is there a difference in their goodness?
3) How does Jack use the beast to control the other boys?
4) Of all the characters, it is Piggy who most often has useful ideas and sees the correct way for the boys to organize themselves. Yet the other boys rarely listen to him and frequently abuse him. Why do you think this is the case? In what ways does Golding use Piggy to advance the novel’s themes?
5) What, if anything, might the dead parachutist symbolize? Does he symbolize something other than what the beast and the Lord of the Flies symbolize?
6) The sow’s head and the conch shell each wield a certain kind of power over the boys. In what ways do these objects’ powers differ? In what way is Lord of the Flies a novel about power? About the power of symbols? About the power of a person to use symbols to control a group?
7) What role do the littluns play in the novel? In one respect, they serve as gauges of the older boys’ moral positions, for we see whether an older boy is kind or cruel based on how he treats the littluns. But are the littluns important in and of themselves? What might they represent?
5) The Lord of the Flies - This is the pig's head that Jack impales on a wooden stake in sacrifice to the beast. In one chapter Simon believes the Lord of the Flies to speak to him explaining the nature of evil. The Lord of the Flies is both a physical representation of "the beast", as well as a symbol for Satan himself. "Lord of the Flies" is a literal translation from Hebrew and means Beelzebub.
6) The Dead Parachutist - Piggy looks for a sign from the adult world. He gets it the very same night. Miles above the island, a plane is shot down. A dead man floats onto the island and becomes lodged in rocks and trees. The dead parachutist symbolizes the adult world and its inability to maintain peace.
7) The Plane Crash - The breakdown of modern society. The boys leave England to get away from the war and are shot down by the enemy.
8) The Scar - The scar left by the plane crash, symbolizes the damaging encroachment of humans in paradise. The vivid imagery that Golding uses to describe how the scar smashes into the jungle illustrates the affect humans have on the earth and how devastating man can be.
9) The Island - The Garden of Eden before the arrival of the boys. After the boys arrive it becomes corrupted and destroyed.
10) The Boys - The boys also stand as symbols: Simon represents goodness; Ralph and Piggy symbolize law and order; Jack and Roger stand for evil; The big kids represent the ruling classes; and the littluns symbolize common folk.
Why does Golding end Lord of the Flies with the rescue of the boys?
Does this ending change the realistic nature of the novel?
Check out the scene where we meet all the boys in Chapter One.
How do the various introductions of each character set up the story that follows?
Are there any big surprises?
What role does fear play in Lord of the Flies? How does fear affect the boys as the story progresses?
How could this novel be described as an allegory?
If it is an allegory, what message does Golding seem to want to get across to his readers?
What allegorical roles are the characters playing?
What is the role of religion in the lives of the boys?
Is their religion based on Christianity, or does it seem more pagan?
Lord of the Flies was published in 1954, although it is set in some fictional future. In what ways does its message seem to speak to the violence that is present in 1954? What about violence today?
Only one female voice is presented (very briefly, and in recap) in this novel, that of Piggy's aunt. Would this story have been different in any important ways if there had been both boys and girls on the island? In other words, is this a story about the capacity of humans for violence, or is it a story about the male capacity for violence? Or is there simply not enough evidence to make an argument either way?
Similarly—why does it matter that these are kids? Would adults in the same situation act any differently?
How are the characters in Lord of the Flies presented as both "heroic and sick" (6)?
As both sane and insane? As both good and evil?
What's the significance of the chapter titles?