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Bacterial Pneumonia

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mandeep gill

on 30 April 2013

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Transcript of Bacterial Pneumonia

By Mandeep and Noor Bacterial Pneumonia Introduction Bacterial Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs caused by bacteria.

It affects an entire lobe of the lung, which is called lobar pneumonia.

It often comes on during or after an upper respiratory infection, like the flu or a cold.

Streptococcus bacteria is the most common bacteria that causes bacterial pneumonia. Statistics Historical Significance

It was discovered at around 460 B.C to 370 B.C by an ancient Greek physician named Hippocrates.

Bacterial Pneumonia Caused Most Deaths in 1918 Influenza Pandemic .

234 US Army soldiers died of influenza–pneumonia at Camp Pike, Arkansas, USA, autumn 1918. Geographical Distribution The geographical distribution of bacterial pneumonia is worldwide.

It is a very common illness in the U.S and Africa. Signs and symptoms a cough with rust or green-coloured phlegm (mucus)
high fever (temperature often shoots up as high as 41°C (105°F).
Chills.
teeth chattering.
chest pain.
fast breathing and heart beat.
bluish lips and finger nails from lack of oxygen in the blood.
feeling confused or strange.
feeling very tired. How it infects a person after the bacteria is spread through germs that could be present in your nose or mouth, it enters the lungs and reproduces there.

the inflammation occurs in the alveoli, and they get filled with fluid.

The lungs become less elastic and cannot take oxygen into the blood or remove carbon dioxide from the blood as efficiently as usual.

This causes the feeling of being short of breath which is one of the most common symptoms of pneumonia.

The infection can quickly spread through the bloodstream and invade the entire body. Bacterial pneumonia is the leading cause of death in children worldwide.

It kills an estimated 1.2 million children every year .

Every year, 156 million new pneumonia cases are reported and around 8.7 per cent of these cases are severe and need hospitalization. Treatment Intravenous antibiotics

Intravenous (IV) fluids to prevent dehydration

Avoidance of smoking tobacco

Special respiratory therapy

Breathing treatments and exercises to help loosen mucus.

Hospitalization if necessary Biology of Streptococcus bacteria -gram-positive
-Paired cocci shape
- may also occur in short chains
or singly. Interesting facts -There are 23 types of pneumonia.

-4 out of every 10 pneumonia patients
die.

-Bacterial pneumonia can be treated
with antibiotics, but only 30% of
children receive the antibiotic they
need. Bibliography http://www.lung.ca/diseases-maladies/a-z/pneumonia-pneumonie/bacterial-bacterienne_e.php

http://www.nationmaster.com/graph/mor_bac_pne_not_els_cla-bacterial-pneumonia-not-elsewhere-classified

http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/300157-overview

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000145.htm Websites Books Salem health by Salem Press

The Cambridge Encyclopedia
of Human Paleopathology.

The definitive guide to viruses, bacteria, parasites, and disease
By Dr Bonnie Henry Quiz time 1. Streptococcus bacteria is gram negative. (T/F)

2. Bacteria Pneumonia is an infection of the __________.

3. One of the symptoms of bacterial pneumonia is ______. THE END
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