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Basketball

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Veton G

on 15 January 2014

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Transcript of Basketball

Basketball
Design In Sports
by Damon and Veton

The Ball
Here's a fun video of a dog playing ball
Backboard
Backboards are made out of glass, but for the more intense leagues their made out of plexiglass. Lets see why.....
American Football
The ball
The first football was made out of pig bladders.
it's shaped like a prolate spheroid for aerodynamics and can be more accurately thrown when spiraled
the balls have a pebble grain texture for grip to help players throw and catch
they are now made by tan leather, plastics, and rubbers
the leather laces are their so players can fit their figures to them for proper passes
The Helmet
Helmets are made out of HARD plastic so their light and protective for your head
They come with a face mask made out of metal so to protect the face
A chin strap is added to protect and hold the chin in place
The first helmets were made out of leather, and they had ear flaps
Design Timeline of the basketball
1891 - the first ever basketball made out of leather and rubber.
1967-1976 - ABA basketballs, all leather, blue and white
1990's - Composite balls were made.
Naismith moved to Massachusetts, where he taught physical education at a small Christian college. The winter weather of New England was no better than that of Ontario, but the school had an assembly hall with moveable benches and a hardwood floor. Naismith concocted a game suited to the room’s high ceiling and rectangular plan, a game that combined elements of soccer, football, hockey, and baseball and that emphasized teamwork and friendly, nonviolent competition. Naismith’s invention made use of a regulation soccer ball that, instead of being kicked, was bounced or passed by hand from one end of the room to the other and launched into a peach basket hung at either end—which gave the new game its name, basketball.
Two years later, the first professional basketball league was organized. In the next few years, with Naismith’s approval, new rules were devised to insure that the game would be played in a friendly spirit. Most important of the new rules were those defining fouls and the penalties for them, most of which allowed the fouled player to take possession of the ball and sometimes to throw it without opposition. Other rules helped speed the game by pitting play against a clock, and not by an accumulation of points, which could and often did take hours to achieve. The game evolved over the decades, with the addition of yet other rules over the years, including one that allowed players to shoot with one hand—an innovation that gave rise to the spectacular balletic moves of players like Lew Alcindor (later Kareem Abdul-Jabbar) and Wilt Chamberlain in the 1960s and ’70s.
It was first played with nine members on each team, Naismith’s game quickly spread throughout New England, and then elsewhere in the United States. By 1896 enough colleges had formed teams that the first extramural competition was held, but now with only five players to a team.
Important technical innovations to the game came early on. One was the addition of nets to the baskets, which allowed the ball to fall through and be retrieved on the court; earlier, a referee or player had to climb a ladder to pluck the ball from the wooden baskets of old. Another was the addition of a backboard to the basket—an innovation meant not for the shooter’s convenience, but instead to keep fans of the defending team from sticking their arms into the basket and blocking the opposing team’s shot.
Basketball traveled to France and England in 1893, to Germany in 1894, and to Japan in 1900. It became an official Olympic event at the 1936 Berlin Games, which hastened its spread to many other countries. Throughout the Cold War, international basketball courts took the place of battlefields, with the United States and the Soviet Union competing neck-and-neck for domination of the game. The collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s did not remove politics from basketball. In the place of the old superpower competition came rivalries among teams from the former republics of Yugoslavia, for instance, and between players from the People’s Republic of China and Taiwan.
Other countries have developed strong teams in recent years, and sometimes in the unlikeliest of places. In recent years, the tiny Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, for instance, has fielded three dozen amateur teams, while the principality of Andorra, with only 86,500 inhabitants, sponsored nine amateur teams while establishing the sport as part of the country’s physical education curriculum. Even the Himalayan nation of Nepal now boasts a professional team.
But nowhere is basketball more popular than in the United States, the game’s birthplace 122 years ago. Once restricted to the long northerly winter, basketball’s calendar has grown to embrace every season—and now that March madness has wound down and spring has begun, the NCAA Final Four competition is upon us, as it is sure to be every April for years to come.
First ever Helmet
Shoulder Pads and shoe design
-Shoulder pads made out of hard plastic on the outside, and shock absorbing foams underneath
-Designed to help protect shoulders, ribs and chest, also give a broader look to football players.
-Cleats worn for better traction on wet areas (grass)
-Cleats are design do grip into the ground so that you are able to move better on all wet / damp areas
Face Mask And Visors
-Face masks are attached to the helmet to protect the the jaw and bottom half on the face
-They are made out of metals to be strong
-Visors can be attached to the upper part of the face mask
-Design to act like sunglasses and protect your eyes from an injury that could occur
-Can come in different colours. (Very Stylish
Soccer
The Ball
-Sphere Shape easy to kick and hold, you can't really kick a triangle.
-Early Soccer Balls were made up of animal bladders and stomachs, which was not a good idea to kick.
-Now they are made out of rubber and the insides have latex bladders to be able to get pumped up
-They have a hexagonal and pentagon pattern on them, and most balls are stitched.
Equipment
Shin pads - Made out of plastic, rubber to provide a decent amount of protection for the shins.
Cleats - Used to keep grip on grass / turf if you're outdoors.
Goalkeeper Gloves - Big bulky gloves made out of leathers, designed to keep the fingers from bending back, add more flexibility to the fingers, improve grip and protect the whole hand from injury.

Jersey Design
-Soccer jerseys aren't really designed for protection, they are designed so that you are able to move in them.
-They absorb sweat
-They can come with sleeves if it is cold out

Why All This Equipment is needed in Football
Shin Pads for Soccer
Jersey for Soccer
Football from 1932
One of the first soccer balls
Shoulder pads
Nike Football Cleats
Golf
The Golf Ball
-First Golf Balls were made out of hardwood and had no dimples
-The dimples on the golf ball are designed to help the golf ball in flight and control the ball to go straight
-Dimples also add wind resistance and put spin on the ball.
-Some balls are made out of gutta percha gum and most balls are just rubber and composite materials
Golf Clubs
-All golf clubs are made out of steel, titanium and carbon fibers.
-Used to swing at the gold ball and give it the backspin it needs.
-4 man types of clubs (Wood, Iron, Putter and Hybrid)
-First golf clubs were made out of woods like ash, greenheart, purpleheart etc.
Balls are shaped and boiled from gutta percha.
Golf Clubs in a Bag
Backspin Helps
American Football was derived from early versions of soccer and rugby football, both of which originated from the United Kingdom, mid-1800s. Both soccer and rugby, and thus American football, have the objective of kicking the ball to a goal or over a line. Similar to soccer, American football also involves twenty-two players on the field. American football terms such as "fullback" and halfback," which refer to positions, were also derived from the soccer sport. American football resulted from a major divergence from the rules of rugby football, as instituted by Walter Camp, considered to be the "Father of American Football."
American Football was derived from early versions of soccer and rugby football, both of which originated from the United Kingdom, mid-1800s. Both soccer and rugby, and thus American football, have the objective of kicking the ball to a goal or over a line. Similar to soccer, American football also involves twenty-two players on the field. American football terms such as "fullback" and halfback," which refer to positions, were also derived from the soccer sport. American football resulted from a major divergence from the rules of rugby football, as instituted by Walter Camp, considered to be the "Father of American Football."Newly Established Rules.
The important changes that were made by Walter Camp to establish American Football as a sport include the down-and-distance and line of scrimmage rules. He also standardized the scoring system using a numerical scoring and created the interference, safety, penalties, and neutral zone. He also established the rule that one side had undisputed possession of the ball until the ball is given up due to the said team's violations. He also created the center and quarter-back positions, the forward pass, and the eleven on a team instead of fifteen. By the late 19th and early 20th centuries, further developments to the rules of American Football were made by college coaches such as Knute Rockne, Amos Alonzo Stagg, Eddie Cochems, and Glenn "Pop" Warner.
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