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Fossil Fuels

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by

Amelia DeLaPaz

on 10 March 2016

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Transcript of Fossil Fuels

Fossil Fuels
Oil
Natural Gas
Coal
What types of energy do we use?
What types of energy should we use?
Based on net energy
What are fossil fuels?
Citations
http://www.ctrade.com.au/LocalPower/Schools/Learn/Wheredofossilfuelscomefrom/tabid/101/Default.aspx
http://www.physicalgeography.net/fundamentals/9r.html
Formation
http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/rock/021018-3301-e.html
Extraction
Well on land or sea
Oil gushes until peak production passed
Oil is held in the pore spaces in rocks
Oil refinery
Oil is distilled into petrochemicals
OPEC
US OIL
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
60% of oil in the market
Major Production Areas
Gulf of Mexico
(site of Deepwater Horizon Spill in 2010)
Alaska's North Slope
ANWR
Other Options
Advantages/ Disadvantages
Tar Sands
Oil Shales
Formed with Oil
Mixture of gases, mostly methane (CH4)
Many Advantages
Formation of Coal
Energy Production
Problems with Coal
Air Pollution
Contains:
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Nitrogen oxides (NOx)
sulfur dioxide (SO2)
particulates (soot, fly ash)
Mercury (Hg)
other trace radioactive materials
Mining
Effects:
Habitat Destruction
Water Pollution
Remove pollutants before emission
paying full environmental cost
taxing CO2 emissions (British Columbia)
cap & trade for carbon (EU, California)
finding substitutes
synthetic natural gas?
Solutions
Extraction: Hydraulic Fracturing (Fracking)
Energy Policy Act (2005)
"Digging Into the Process of Fracking": http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-3445_162-57561263/digging-into-the-practice-of-fracking/
Full transcript