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Bible 101 Week 01

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Stonegate Fellowship

on 6 April 2014

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Transcript of Bible 101 Week 01

Bible 101
Engaging the Scriptures
Week 01
Series of Questions
Question 01
Your leader may use the questions as a game, icebreaker, or relationship-building exercise
Fill in the blanks will be in
light green
All Bible references will be from the ESV Translation
unless otherwise noted
How many total books comprise the entire protestant, non-catholic Bible?
Answer
66 different, sacred writings
The Latin term "Biblia" means "the books"
The Bible is comprised of many different types of writings. Law, prophecy, songs, poetry, letters, histories, etc. It is very important to know what kind of literature it is when you are studying/reading the Bible
Question 02
How long (in years) did it take to write all the books that comprise the protestant, non-catholic Bible?
Answer
Over the span of 1500 years
OT was long and gradual (1400BC to 400 BC roughly)
NT was much shorter (50 AD to 100 AD roughly)
Yet its unity and common focus show us God's control over the inspiration, creation, and preservation
Rom 12:1-4
The Book of the Bible Abbreviation
The Chapter of the Book
The Verse(s) of the Book
How Most People Commonly Write & Reference Bible Passages
Sometimes this is a period instead of a colon
Question 03
How many inspired human authors contributed to the 66 books of the Bible?
Answer
40+
Authors were very diverse, from kings to fisherman
Each author wrote words inspired by the Holy Spirit that show supernatural unity and truthfulness
Each author points to the central theme/idea of scripture: God's fame seen in lives transformed by the finished work of the savior - Jesus Christ
Question 04
How many different languages are the original manuscripts of the Bible written in? What are these languages?
Answer
3 - Hebrew, Greek, Aramaic
Biblical Hebrew is the primary language of OT
Question 05
Looking back from 2012, how long has it been since the Bible, in its present form, was finalized?
Answer
Around 1800 years
By the end of the second century, the canon's essentials were agreed upon
Since then nothing has been added
The NT is entirely Hellenistic Greek
A few small portions of the OT are Aramaic
The list of 66 books that we now have was at worst finalized by the end of the third century
“(20) knowing this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture comes from someone’s own interpretation. (21) For no prophecy was ever produced by the will of
man
, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the
Holy Spirit
.”
2 Peter 1:20–21
(16) All Scripture is
breathed
out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, (17) that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work.”
2 Tim 3:16–17
How Did We Get Scripture?
What is the Scripture?
Bible
Holy
Spirit
Holy
Spirit
Inspiration
Illumination
Revelation
Through Creation & Jesus
Writers
of Scriptures
The Church
Authoritative
Canonized
Sufficient, Necessary, Clear
Graphic taken from Credo House Publishers, The Discipleship Program
Visually: How We Received the Bible
See the Digging Deeper Section for More Information about 'Canonization"
2 Corinthians 5:18-19; Colossians 1:19-23; John 1:1
What the Bible is & What the Bible is Not
How We Must Approach the Bible
Our
posture
as we approach the Bible is vital
The Bible is:
God's
special
revelation of Himself
Psalm 19:1-4 & Rom 1:19-20 speak about God's general revelation of Himself through nature whereas 1 Peter 1:20-21 & 2 Tim 3:16-17 speak about God's detailed, specific revelation of Himself to humanity.
The Bible is:
The story of God's
redemption
and
reconciliation
of His creation by the finished work of
Jesus Christ
who is the central focus & theme of scripture
The Bible is
NOT
(primarily):
The scriptures are not the 'end'; they are a means (tool) to point us, push us, propel us to our ultimate end which is satisfaction in Jesus
Something to be
worshiped
John 5:37-40
The Bible is
NOT
primarily:
Rather it is the lens through which we view the world
A book with
answers
to all of life’s questions
Romans 12:2; Psalm 37:4
The Bible is
NOT
primarily:
The stories and letters are first for the people in that time, set in that context, and influenced by that culture
Always about
us
and what
we
are going through
The Bible is
NOT
primarily:
Although it does contain laws and historically accurate events. And both are valuable for life and godliness.
A
rule
or
reference
book
Consequently they do not always directly correlate with our present circumstances. This is okay as long as we realize that it is not the point
Authority of the Bible
Definition of Authority
The
power
or right to give orders, make decisions, and enforce obedience
The power to
influence
others
A person with extensive or specialized knowledge about a subject
As evidenced by:
A book or source able to supply reliable information or evidence, typically to settle a dispute
So, do you see God and His word as authoritative for your life and practice?
Not just in word, but in action
But if we are honest, are not the following instances usually the times we submit to God's authority
when it is
convenient
when it benefits our
agenda
when it promotes our
comfort
when it props up self and feeds our
rebellious desires
Examples of Authority
Speed Limits
Textbooks
Judges
User Manuals
Parents
Jury summons
Doctor's Lab Report
Notarized Documents
Crime-scene Evidence
Friends
Emotions
(14) Therefore, beloved, since you are waiting for these, be diligent to be found by Him without spot or blemish, and at peace. (15) And count the patience of our Lord as salvation, just as our beloved brother Paul also wrote to you according to the wisdom given him, (16) as he does in all his letters when he speaks in them of these matters. There are some things in them that are hard to understand, which the ignorant and unstable twist to their own destruction, as they do the other Scriptures. (17) You therefore, beloved, knowing this beforehand, take care that you are not carried away with the error of lawless people and lose your own stability. (18) But grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To Him be the glory both now and to the day of eternity. Amen.”
2 Peter 3:14–18
(16) All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, (17) that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work.”
2 Tim 3:16–17
Read These Verses
Authority
Biblical Implications
The 2 Timothy passage speaks to the biblical reality that
ALL
the words of scripture are the very words of God - His words as if He was directly speaking them to us
The 2 Peter passage communicates that Peter affirms that Paul's writings are on the same
authoritative
level as the “other scriptures” & that by them we grow in grace and knowledge of God that will prevent us from being carried away and and lose our stability in Him
“The authority of scripture means that all the words of scripture are God’s words in such a way that to disbelieve or disobey any word of scripture is to disbelieve or disobey God
Himself

Our One Big Take-away:
Other Statements Supporting the Bible's Authority
This leads us to hold the text up as the ultimate
standard
of truth and our
final
authority
Resulting in all the words of scripture being completely
true
and without
error
*
God cannot
lie
or speak
falsely
2 Samuel 7:28, Titus 1:2; Hebrews 6:18
Numbers 23:19; Psalm 12:6; 119:89, 96; Proverbs 30:5; Matthew 24:35
John 17:17
In the original autographs, not manuscripts
With the Bible as our foundation, we are able to make decisions in life that are in line with God’s will for our life and set us up to experience lasting joy
How is the "Authority of Scripture" Attacked?
It's outdated
It is filled with errors
Just a collections of stories/myths
Good for you, but not me
Just for church, not real life
Too difficult to understand
No one can be sure of meaning
Its been used to justify horrible actions
If we give into the idea of serious error
We have the license to
accommodate
the message whenever we feel like it
We begin to wonder if God can be
trusted
We
elevate
our thoughts to be equal to or above God
GOD
Some Discussion
Taken from Wayne & Elliot Grudem's 20 Things Every Christian Should Know
Our thoughts then become the utmost
authority
for life and practice
Practical Implications?
Full transcript