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The nature of learning

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Transcript of The nature of learning

The Nature of Learning Dumont, H., Istance, d and Benavides, F. (2010) What do we know about how people learn? What does research show to be the benefits of group work, formative assessments, technology applications or project based learning and when are they most effective? How is learning affected by family background? Research suggests that the pedagogical model underlying too many schools is still aimed at preparing students for the industrial economy. The 'mind as container' metaphor of schools does not reflect the productive or creative side of working with knowledge. (p24) Higher order thinking skills are increasingly critical! Learners are required to; generate, process and sort complex information, think systematically and critically, make decisions weighing different forms of evidence, ask meaningful questions about different subjects, be adaptable and flexible to new information, be creative, and to be able to solve real-world problems. (p23) Young peoples' learning through the use of digital media is well aligned with 21st century competencies.
It is social, involves experimentation and encourages sharing knowledge.
It is more about interaction and participation than passive consumption. (p25) Designing learning environments.

The OECD report looks at learning models and the design of learning environments to equip students for the 21st century.
It summarises the learning environments as seven conclusions. Conclusion #1
The learning environment recognises the learners as its core participants, encourages their active engagement and develops in them an understanding of their own activity as learners. Conclusion #2
The learning environment is founded on the social nature of learning and actively encourages well organised cooperative learning.
Conclusion #3
The learning professionals within the learning environment are highly attuned to the learners' motivations and the key role of emotions in achievement. Conclusion #4
The learning environment is acutely sensitive to the individual differences among the learners in it including their prior knowledge. Conclusion #5
The learning environment devises programs that demand hard work and challenge from all without excessive overload. Conclusion #6
The learning environment operates with clarity of expectations and deploys assessment strategies consistent with these expectations. There is strong emphasis on formative feedback to support learning. Conclusion #7
The learning environment strongly supports 'horizontal connectedness' across areas of knowledge and subjects as well as to the community and the wider world. "many scholars now agree on the key importance for ogranisations and policy to develop in learners 'adaptive expertise'...i.e. the ability to apply meaningfully learned knowledge and skills flexibly and creatively in different situations" (p 14) Quote from The Nature of Learning
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