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ch. 30 Alexander the Great


rich canacci

on 16 October 2014

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Transcript of ch. 30 Alexander the Great

Ch. 30 Alexander the
Great and His Empire

30.1 Introduction
after the
Persian Wars
Greek city-states began to quarrel with each other
declared war on
and many others were drawn in; this was known as the
Peloponnesian War
lasted 27 years
greatly weakened Greece
King Philip of Macedonia took advantage of the opportunity and brought much of Greece under his control
His son Alexander would extend the empire from Macedonia to India
30.2 The Peloponnesian War and the
Rise of Macedonia
Peloponnesus is the area of land where Athens & Sparta are
431 BC Athens and Sparta go to war
other city-states ally with one or the other
even after Sparta won, Greek city-states continued to fight one another
King Philip of Macedonia unified the warring tribes, created a well trained army, and took advantage of divided and weak city-states
30.3 Philip Unites Greece
by 338 BC most of mainland Greece was conquered
he allowed them to keep most of their freedoms
336 BC he was murdered; his son Alexander took over
30.4 Alexander Creates an Empire
Alexander was only 20 when he became king
he studied under Aristotle and was well educated
wanted to carry out his father’s plan to invade Persia
thought it would help to again unite Greece having a common enemy
in 334 BC he invaded Asia Minor with a united Greek army
-cities that resisted were burned to the ground and the people were sold into slavery
-cities that didn’t resist and surrendered were permitted to keep their government and Alexander would even help them rebuild
30.5 Alexander’s Plan to Unite His Empire
after conquering most of the world known to him his new problem was how to control and unite so many different cultures
his plan had
three parts
1. spread Greek culture and ideas
2. use religion to inspire loyalty
3. show respect for, and even adopt some of the conquered peoples’ customs
30.6 How Alexander Spread Greek Ideas
wanted to blend Greek culture with others
Greek style cities
throughout the empire
libraries, universities, courts of law, marketplaces, temples, theaters, laws, art, literature, etc.
settlers flocked to these cities and government officials and soldiers would speak only Greek
Alexandria was a city in Egypt that was the ancient world’s most important center for trade and learning
30.7 How Alexander Used Religion
•he used religion to inspire loyalty in
two main ways
1. he honored Egyptian and Persian gods
-treated gods equal to Greek gods
-visited oracle sites, made sacrifices
-had temples built in their honor
2. he encouraged the idea that he was a god
-a priest once called him “god’s son” and he used that to his advantage
-he began wearing godly head dressing
-the Egyptians began to accept him as a god
-he spread stories of the story and beliefs throughout the empire
-eventually he required all Greeks to accept him as the son of Zeus
30.8 How Alexander Adopted the Ways of Conquered Cultures
Persian style government; their governors ran the day to day business but he made sure his people controlled the military and the taxation
he received official visitors in the style a Persian king would in a luxurious tent and he wore decorative Persian style cloths
he encouraged marriage between Macedonians and Persians
he himself married the daughter of Persian king Darius
30.9 The Empire Crumbles
in 324 BC after 10 years of fighting in northern India his exhausted troops refused to go on
the following year Alexander died of some sort of swamp fever
after his death the empire crumbled
settlers left the cities
his generals fought each other for control
the empire was eventually divided into
3 kingdoms
1. Egypt
2. Asia
3. Macedonia / Greece
he had spread Greek ideas throughout a vast area and the culture continued to influence the lands he conquered
Alexander the Great's story
Encyclopedia Channel

Alexander the Great
The History Chanel Documentary
Full transcript