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Farsi Vs English

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Shayan Azizi

on 14 December 2014

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Transcript of Farsi Vs English

Vs English: a basic & brief comparison

Shayan Azizi & Komal Hak
Facts about Farsi globally
Number of native speakers World Wide: 322 million
Percentage of native speakers World Wide: 7%
Total number of speakers World Wide: 1.5 billion
Total percentage of speakers World Wide: 19.7%
Facts about English Globally
Number of Native speakers World Wide: 39 million
Percentage of native speakers World Wide .8%
Total number of speakers World Wide: 59 million
Total percentage of speakers World Wide: 0.8%
Language Family And Writing System
Writing System
Latin Vs Arabic

English Vs (f RS) Farsi

Indo-European vs Indo-European

Germanic Vs Iranian

Three letter Code
ENG Vs PER/fas

Vowel System
Significant differences in

1. Number of vowels

2.Tense/Lax distinctions


5 vowels identified


15 different vowels identified, including several dipthongs such as [au] /aw/, [ei] /ay/,[oi] /oy/

The most characteristic
difference in the consonantal system lies in the unique distribution patterns of consonants in both language, Farsi usually ignores the short vowels

27 consonants
Consonant:/gh/ voiceless uvular stop, "Qasr" (castle)
/q/ voiced uvular stop "Gham" (sadness)
21 consonants
More variety of fricatives and nasal consonants

Farsi does not use gender pronouns

-Instead of using He or She, in Farsi,the speaker makes sure to name the subject,which will itself reveal gender.
Post-positive adj.

Describes time and comparative relationships between morphemes that do not follow a general rule.
English VS
Farsi consistently places the adjectival phrase,within the same clause, after the noun it modifies.
My friend good came over.
English and
both use a whole host of supplement morphemes


Tense vowels
are made with
more muscle
Lax vowels use
little muscular
tension in the lips
with minimal tongue movement
Farsi does
NOT have Tense/
Lax versions of
-In English : /it/ for "eat
while /It/ for it
Difficult words for English speakers
to Pronounce:
Khande (laughter) [/xaende/]
Ghalam (pen) [/Gae'laem/]
Ma'na (meaning) [/mæ?n /]

Works Cited

Angali, Koorosh etal. "Persian Online Grammar & Resources." University Of Texas. N.p., 2007. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

Bakhtiarvand, Morteza. "Phonological Differences between Persian and English:Several Potentially Problematic Areas of Pronunciation for Iranian EFL Learners." (2005): n. pag. Academia.edu. Web. 10 Dec. 2014.

Dam, Phap, PhD. "Linguistic Considerations for English Language Learners." Linguistic Considerations for English Language Learners - Web. Ed. Doãn-Vượng Nguyễn. N.p., 17 Feb. 2010. Web. 10 Dec. 2014.

Zsiga, Elizabeth C. The Sounds of Language: An Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Google Books. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

Ex-For the infinitive budan ‘to be’:
the present - hastam
the past - budam
Dipthongs : /ej/ [ey,ei,ay,ai]
/ow/ [ow,au,ou]
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