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Farsi Vs English

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Shayan Azizi

on 14 December 2014

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Transcript of Farsi Vs English

Farsi
Vs English: a basic & brief comparison

Shayan Azizi & Komal Hak
Facts about Farsi globally
Number of native speakers World Wide: 322 million
Percentage of native speakers World Wide: 7%
Total number of speakers World Wide: 1.5 billion
Total percentage of speakers World Wide: 19.7%
Facts about English Globally
Number of Native speakers World Wide: 39 million
Percentage of native speakers World Wide .8%
Total number of speakers World Wide: 59 million
Total percentage of speakers World Wide: 0.8%
Language Family And Writing System
Writing System
Latin Vs Arabic

Scripts
English Vs (f RS) Farsi

Family
Indo-European vs Indo-European

Subgroup
Germanic Vs Iranian

Three letter Code
ENG Vs PER/fas


Vowel System
Significant differences in

1. Number of vowels

2.Tense/Lax distinctions
Vowels

Farsi


5 vowels identified


English

15 different vowels identified, including several dipthongs such as [au] /aw/, [ei] /ay/,[oi] /oy/


Consonants
The most characteristic
difference in the consonantal system lies in the unique distribution patterns of consonants in both language, Farsi usually ignores the short vowels
English
Farsi

27 consonants
Consonant:/gh/ voiceless uvular stop, "Qasr" (castle)
/q/ voiced uvular stop "Gham" (sadness)
21 consonants
More variety of fricatives and nasal consonants

Grammar
Gender
Farsi does not use gender pronouns

-Instead of using He or She, in Farsi,the speaker makes sure to name the subject,which will itself reveal gender.
Post-positive adj.


Describes time and comparative relationships between morphemes that do not follow a general rule.
Suppletion
English VS
Farsi
Farsi consistently places the adjectival phrase,within the same clause, after the noun it modifies.
My friend good came over.
English and
Farsi
both use a whole host of supplement morphemes

Tense
Lax

Tense vowels
are made with
more muscle
tension
Lax vowels use
little muscular
tension in the lips
with minimal tongue movement
Farsi does
NOT have Tense/
Lax versions of
vowels.
-In English : /it/ for "eat
while /It/ for it
Difficult words for English speakers
to Pronounce:
Khande (laughter) [/xaende/]
Ghalam (pen) [/Gae'laem/]
Ma'na (meaning) [/mæ?n /]


Works Cited

Angali, Koorosh etal. "Persian Online Grammar & Resources." University Of Texas. N.p., 2007. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

Bakhtiarvand, Morteza. "Phonological Differences between Persian and English:Several Potentially Problematic Areas of Pronunciation for Iranian EFL Learners." (2005): n. pag. Academia.edu. Web. 10 Dec. 2014.

Dam, Phap, PhD. "Linguistic Considerations for English Language Learners." Linguistic Considerations for English Language Learners - Web. Ed. Doãn-Vượng Nguyễn. N.p., 17 Feb. 2010. Web. 10 Dec. 2014.

Zsiga, Elizabeth C. The Sounds of Language: An Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Google Books. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

Ex-For the infinitive budan ‘to be’:
the present - hastam
the past - budam
Syntax
Dipthongs : /ej/ [ey,ei,ay,ai]
/ow/ [ow,au,ou]
Full transcript