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Transcript of Liberty Day
Revolutionary War: 1775-83
After we separated from Great Britain, we had to determine how the country would be run. And so the Founding Fathers, like George Washington and James Madison, developed the Constitution.
On September 17th, 1787 (Constitution Day), the Constitution was signed and subsequently ratified (approved) by all 13 states.
A Brief History
The rulebook for our government
“We the ..."
2 Senators from each state
Senators must be 30 years or older, a citizen for at least 9 years, and reside in the state they represent
6 year terms
House of Representatives
Based on population
Representatives must be 25 years or older, a citizen for at least 7 years, and inhabit the state they represent
2 year terms
Both have to agree in order to make a law
All bills relating to revenue start in the House
Executive, Legislative, Judicial
Checks & Balances
The Supreme Court
Has the power to declare a law unconstitutional.
The President appoints (nominates) a justice and the Senate either confirms (approves) the appointment or rejects it.
Unlike the Executive and Legislative branches, members of the Judicial branch have life terms. The only way they may have to leave office is if they are impeached.
The President (Commander-in-Chief)
Can serve a maximum of two 4-year terms
Must be 35 years old (page 11), a natural-born citizen (page10), and a resident of the U.S. for 14 years
Commander-in-Chief of the military (Army and Navy in the Constitution, but now the Air Force, Marines, and Coast Guard as well)
The Vice President
The President's Cabinet
Questions and Review
How a Bill
Becomes a Law
If both the House and Senate agree on the exact same wording of a bill and pass it, the President generally can either sign it into law (meaning it becomes the law of the land) or veto it (refuse to sign it into law)
If a case is brought to the courts challenging a certain law, it will look at the law and determine whether or not it is allowed under the Constitution. If the court decides that it is unconstitutional, the law will no longer be effective.
Congress then has the option to come up with a new one that fits within the Constitution, and the whole process starts over again.
The Bill of Rights